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Terms in this set (44)
In what year was the modern country of Saudi Arabia established?
Geographically, Suadi Arabia is roughly the same size as ..
What is the Saudia Arabia system of government?
Saudia Arabia has the world's proven reserve of oil.
Where did Saudia Arabia rank among the world's oil producers in 2017?
Which among the formal titles of the Saudi King?
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Roughly what proportion of Saudis adhere to Sunni Islam?
Among Middle Eastern countries, where does Saudi Arabia rank in gross domestic product per capita, a measure of the average wealth per person?
Where does Saudia Arabia's population rank among the countries of the Arabian Peninsula?
In recent years, Saudia Arabia has conducted a military campaign in which nearby country?
What is OPEC?
-Org of Petroleum Exporting Countries
-oil rich nations in Middle east and Latin America formed in retaliation for American support of Israel
-cut off oil to US in 1973
-gas prices soared
set of key ideas about the nature and roles of individuals, concepts of state, sovereignty, and interactions among states and other actors.
Focus is on acquisition, maintenance and exercise of power by states.
Individuals protect their own interests
Competition is normal
Neorealism- Structural Realism
Main difference between Neorealism and realism is the emphasis placed on the structure of the international system in explaining world politics
Structure is shaped by anarchy & power distribution
Hegemonic Stability Theory
hegemon (dominate state) uses its power to facilitate international cooperation and provide stability
Goal: to advance its on interest/values and legitimize its position
Key concepts: liberty, individual rights and freedoms, limited government, democracy, rule of law, private property, free market
Core argument: international anarchy and war can be policed by international institutions, laws and norms.
Global Politics: conflict is not inevitable and war is preventable
Stresses the role of international institutions in promoting cooperation and coordination overcoming collective action problems
Middle level theory, rooted in liberalism
Explains the origin and development of IGO's
Governance arrangements arise out of the basic or functional needs of people
Practical cooperation is specific policy areas- to solve problems
Goals: bridge the gap between stated and them together
Explanation of the creation of the EU
Marxist and Neo-Marxist
Comprises a set of core ideas that unite its variants
Class and social order
The UN was officially est. in which year?
How many member states make up the UN today?
How many official languages does the UN have?
What is the title of the chief administrative officer of the UN?
Which of the following main organs of the UN can impose binding obligations on the 193 member states to maintain peace?
Which of the following countries is not a permanent member of the UN National Security Council?
Which of the following is among the privileges held by the 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council?
Ability to veto Security Council resolutions
Which of the following is among the powers granted to the UN Security Council by Chapter VII of the UN Charter?
All of the above
Approximately how much was the US assessed for the UN core budget in 2017?
Approximately how many uniformed personnel are serving worldwide in UN peacekeeping operations?
History of the UN
An international diplomatic and political organization dedicated to world peace and stability
Four main purposes: 1. To keep peace throughout the world 2. To develop friendly relations among nations. 3. To help poor nations work together to improve. 4. To be a ventre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
How does the UN work
General assembly- discuss issues
Security Council- Russia, France, UK, US, China. Have veto powers. And make resolutions
Economic and Social Council- helping developing counting work with WHO
International Court of Justice- wear international law is put in
Trusteehip Council- not operational help countries become independent
Secretariat- communicate between councils compile document UN Secretary
UN Security Council
A 15-member panel which bears the UN's major responsibility for keeping international peace.
UN General Assembly
a body composed of representatives of all states that allocates UN funds, passes nonbinding resolutions, and coordinates third world development programs and various autonomous agencies through the Economic and Social Council
UN Secretary Do?
Leader and spokesperson of the UN
Creates the annual report
International Court of Justice
a court established to settle disputes between members of the United Nations
The Human Rights Council
A UN body that reports on patterns of gross human rights violations
Westphalia, Alive but not well PROBLEM
Sovereignty is organized hypocrisy
The fact that only the P-5 have veto show that there is no equality
States can be weak because lack of capacity, financial, technology, lack of leadership
Sovereignty equality of states ISSUE
Everyone acts in their own interest
Protection of fundamental rights or climate change can not be founded by allowing sovereigns to make decision based on their narrowly defined interest and the opt out of agreement when they prove inconvenient or costly
North-South Theater PROBLEM
Wealthy (industrialized) North and (global) Poor South
No matter geographical location if you were a developed country you were the north and you were a developing country you were the south
The North sides with the north the south side with the south and no problems get solved
They don't want to change these roles because for the north this would be challenging their privilege and for the south global democracy would require local democracy
The Feudal System, or Dysfunctional Family PROBLEM
Security was not taking care of refugees or victims of war
Lack of concentration action by a host of player within the UN system as well as a parallel universe of NGO that function as UN subcontractors
All these sub groups of the UN are not accomplishing anything
The more things change the more things stay the same
Overwhelming Bureaucracy and Underwhelming Leadership PROBLEM
Major issue is finding people qualified
Hard for young enthusiastic workers to come in and make change because of lack of management and lack of mobility to move up
Not equal for men and women
When selecting the under secretary general it has often been because of nationality and not qualifications ie: politics trumps competence
Redefining National Interest SOULUTION
Good international citizenship
The promotion of justice is key for lasting order, they must convince others of their case, theri competence and their motives
More representation in the global south
More contributors to the international military
Military- training, equimpting africans to keep the peace on their own continent
More inclusive definition of the vital interest of sovereigns
Moving Beyond the North- South Divide SOULUTION
Forming new partnerships
Human security- protect your individual people and UN wont have to step in
Ignore the boundaries of north and south and form partnerships based on substances
Truly Delivering as One SOULUTION
General assembly established the central emergency response fund to enhance response time in emergency situations
The separation of funds provide incentives to each section
With fewer strings attached from individual governments the UN can work as one
Reinvigorating the International Civil Service SOULUTION
Discipline units and better representation of women in peace operations
Outsiders, rotation in the field, contracts
Investing in the next gerneration
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