Global Affairs Part A
Terms in this set (40)
A Congregationalist minister who added the sanction of religion to theories of racial and national superiority with his book Our Country
Alfred T. Mahan
Naval officer and author who argued in 1890 that the economic future of the United States rested on new overseas markets protected by a larger navy. Wrote "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History"
Secretary of State who was responsible for purchasing Alaskan Territory from Russia. By purchasing Alaska, he expanded the territory of the country at a reasonable price
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism; assassinated by an anarchist
26th President of the United States, 26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
William H. Taft
"trustbuster" (busted twice as many as Roosevelt), conservation and irrigation efforts, Postal Savings Bank System, Payne-Aldrich Tariff (reduction of tariff, caused Republican split)
Filipino leader who fought first against Spain and then against the United States. He was a leader in the fight for Filipino independence.
yellow journalist newspaper publisher who established the Pulitzer prizes
William R. Hearst
newspaper publisher whose yellow journalism style helped create public pressure for Spanish-American War
Adm. George Dewey
Immediately after the war was declared, Dewey sailed for Manila. He steamed into Manila Bay and completely destroyed the aging Spanish fleets stationed there. Only one American soldier died (heatstroke). He became the first hero of war.
A notion held by a nineteenth-century Americans that the United States was destined to rule the continent, from the Atlantic the Pacific
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically
The pursuit of foreign policy objectives with the aid of displays of military power, implying a direct threat of warfare, should terms not be agreeable to the U.S., and associated with the President Theodore Roosevelt (Big Stick Diplomacy)
Open Door Policy
A policy of the United States that stated China should be open to all nations that which to trade with them. This policy did not include the consent of the Chinese, and was another form of imperialism
Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country
Cuban poet and journalist who organized a guerilla revolution against Spain in 1895- "Cuba Libre" free Cuba was his battle cry-and sought US support and intervention
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
policy of moving Cubans to detention camps so that they could not aid rebels.
A country whose affairs are partially controlled (independence is limited) by a stronger power
dominion or control, particularly of one country over others; dominent influence or authority
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
Roosevelt's extension of the Monroe Doctrine; stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic
Foriegn Policy idea by Taft to make countries dependant on the U.S. by heavily investing in their economies
Big Stick Policy
Roosevelt's philosophy - In international affairs, ask first but bring along a big army to help convince them. Threaten to use force, act as international policemen
de Lomé Letter
Spanish Ambassador's letter that was illegally removed from the U.S. Mail and published by American newspapers. It criticized President McKinley in insulting terms. Used by war hawks as a pretext for war in 1898
America wanted Spain to peacefully resolve the Cuaban's fight for independence - the start of the war was due in large part to yellow journalism
This Amendment was drafter by Henry M. Teller which declared that the US had no desire for control in Cuba & pledged the US would leave the island alone after winning the Spanish-American war
American secretary of state who attempted to preserve Chinese independence and protect American interests in China
The United States built the Panama Canal to have a quicker passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic and vice versa. It cost $400,000,000 to build; Columbians would not let Americans build the canal, but then with the assistance of the United States a Panamanian Revolution occurred; the new ruling people allowed the United States to build the canal.
A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
The right of a nation to govern itself autonomously.
White Man's Burden
A poem by British poet Rudyard Kipling commenting on American imperialism. It created a phrase used by imperialists to justify the imperialistic actions the U.S. took
Democrat; secured passage of the Federal Reserve act, created the Federal Trade commission and signed the Clayton Anti-Trust Act into law, president during WWI (first had preposed peace/neutrality and used the slogan "He kept us out of the war" to be reelected, but he entered the US in the war because of Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare and the Zimmerman note), his war aims were known as the Fourteen Points
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
"start" of the Spanish-American war; exploded off the coast of cuba and it was blamed on spanish torpedoes; heightened by yellow journalists
Treaty of Paris, 1898
Treaty that concluded the Spanish American War, Commissioners from the U.S. were sent to Paris on October 1, 1898 to produce a treaty that would bring an end to the war with Spain after six months of hostilitiy. From the treaty America got Guam, Puerto Rico and they paid 20 million dollars for the Philipines. Cuba was freed from Spain
Legislation passed by Congress in 1900, in which the U.S. ended military rule in Puerto Rico and set up a civil government
Treaty that granted the US land to build the Panama canal in exchange for $10 million and annual payments to Panama. Occured shortly after Panama's independence
Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them
Sphere of influence
Geographical area where one country, state, empire, etc. is very dominant and controlling. Controlling group often brings their own customs, political ideas, and so on.
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