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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Cause of anaphylactic shock?
  2. What is neurogenic shock characterized by?
  3. What are the EXTRINSIC precipitating factors for septic shock?
  4. cardiogenic shock
  5. Nursing considerations for hypovolemic shock
  1. a pump failure - 80-100% mortality rate
  2. b vital signs, electrolyte imbalance, I&O, correct acidosis
  3. c Loss of sympathetic tone (disruption of SNS)
    Skin warm and dry, decreasd BP, Decreased HR, Decreased Temperature.
  4. d Severe allergic reaction in a patient who has previously been exposed to an allergen. Ie. contrast dyes, drugs, insect bites, foods such as peanuts.
  5. e Invasive procedures, Drug therapy, Fluid therapy, Surgical and traumatic wounds, Immunosuppressive therapy.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. vasodilation d/t mediators of inflammatory process in response to overwhelming INFECTION - 40-70% mortality rate depending on organism.
  2. 1. Decreased circulating volume 2. decreased venous return 3. decreased stroke volume, 4. decreased CO, 5. decreased cellular oxygen supply, 6. impaired tissue perfusion,
    7. impaired cellular metabolism.
  3. also called 'colloid osmotic pressure', is the 'pulling force', pulling fluids from the surrounding tissue into the capillaries. It's the result of a difference in the concentration of solutes in the fluid inside the capillaries as opposed to outside them
  4. Increased HR, vasoconstriction, activates renin angiotensin mechanisms, ADH increases, increase secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine to increase BP and HR.
  5. absolute volume loss or relative volume loss as with ascites (3rd spacing) - 10-31% mortality rate.

5 True/False questions

  1. Causes of neurogenic shock?MI, arrhythmias, valvular disease, cardiac surgery, cardiomyopathy.


  2. mechanical support during cardiogenic shockintra-aortic ballon pump (IABP)


  3. Two symptoms common to all types of shock?mental confusion and oliguria


  4. medical management of cardiogenic shockStabilization of spinal cord injury, positioning spinal anesthetic patient properly, giving glucose for hypoglycemia.


  5. hydrostatic pressurethe 'pushing force', pushing the fluid out of the capillaries. It's the result of the actual pressure of the fluid on the capillary walls.