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HST 207 Midterm Attempt 1
Terms in this set (39)
In 1798, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison drafted sets of resolutions, subsequently adopted by two state legislatures, which:
condemned the Alien and Sedition Acts as unconstitutional.
Christopher Columbus, born in Genoa in 1451, became a seaman and later captain of his own ship. Based on his study of current knowledge, what mistaken calculations did Columbus make? He:
underestimated the circumference of the globe and overestimated the width of Asia.
The Constitutional Convention specified that the proposed Constitution should be submitted to each state legislature for a vote on its ratification.
During the Revolution, Baptists in Massachusetts mounted protests because they:
objected to paying taxes to support the official Congregational Church.
By 1805, slavery had disappeared in all states north of New Jersey, as legislatures passed laws immediately abolishing all forms of slavery and freeing all blacks.
The Great Awakening:
ultimately encouraged a new acceptance of religious differences within American Protestantism.
George Washington narrowly beat John Adams in the first presidential election.
The Constitutional Convention specified that the Constitution would not become effective until all thirteen states had voted to ratify it.
During the French and Indian War, New England militia men saw differences between themselves and the British soldiers. The Americans figured:
NOT: the British army was composed of gentlemen, few of whom liked swearing or lewd women.
Christopher Columbus believed in the theory of antipodes, suggesting that the known landmasses were counterbalanced by other continents on the opposite side of the globe, with the Garden of Eden directly opposite Jerusalem.
The first state to ratify the Constitution was:
Before Missouri applied to enter the Union in December 1819, how did members of Congress handle the expansion of slavery? They:
NOT: restricted slavery to states east of the Mississippi River.
The Articles of Confederation were written, approved by the Continental Congress, and ratified by the states at the same time as the Declaration of Independence.
The Articles of Confederation gave Congress the power to impose taxes, as well as duties on foreign imports.
The local militia assembled on the Green at Lexington in April 1775, with the clear intention of fighting a battle against Gage's troops.
The Federalist Papers were written by:
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay.
The form of the U.S. Constitution directly copied the written form of the British Constitution.
In June 1812, President James Madison stated to Congress several reasons why the United State should declare war on Britain. Which is FALSE?
NOT: The belief of many Westerners that the British were inspiring Indian attacks on Americans.
American people were outraged by the XYZ Affair, in which:
French agents demanded a bribe before entering treaty negotiations with the United States.
Although pre-Columbian tribes in North America often considered land sacred, they also burned forest underbrush to improve food gathering and to hunt game.
When Ben Franklin wrote a pamphlet in 1754 opposing Britain's Iron Act, he did so partly because he figured:
NOT: colonists were healthier, taller, and smarter than Englishmen, so free trade made sense.
Once the Peace of Paris ended the Revolutionary War, the big losers were:
the Iroquois Indians, split into factions and living in areas that America now claimed.
The Constitutional Convention decided that state representation in the House would be determined by the size of each state's free population, plus three-fifths of the slave population.
The Iroquois Indians:
NOT: had a Great League of Peace that used its widespread governing authority to set a common tribal policy in the late 1500s.
American watermills, furnaces, forges, and kilns quickly geared up for war, turning out all the gunpowder and firearms that the army needed.
James Madison, a major advocate of a stronger central government, believed that:
NOT: only a strong presidency, and hence a strong central government, worked in time of war.
In the 1700s immigrants from the north of Ireland, known in America as Scotch-Irish, settled in western parts of colonies like Pennsylvania and Virginia. The Scotch-Irish:
NOT: raised larger families than other immigrants, usually producing ten or more children.
In 1783, Thomas Jefferson suggested that rather than being a permanent standing body, Congress should meet only briefly and occasionally.
The Mayflower Compact:
was an extension of the "covenant" concept to civil organization.
The Constitution provided that in the event of a tie in the electoral college, presidential elections would be decided by:
the House of Representatives.
The revised Virginia Declaration of Rights said men had inherent rights that could not be taken away when they "enter into a state of society." For black people, that meant:
they had no such protected rights, because they had never entered society.
The War of 1812 accelerated technological change, including the invention of river boats driven by steam engines. The western steamboat, an icon of the era, was:
NOT: created by Robert Fulton, who located the engine in the steamer's hold to allow more cargo.
Defending the proposed Constitution, the Federalist Papers argued that the sheer size of the American republic and its diversity of interests would protect minority rights and help avert the danger of tyranny.
The Mayflower Compact was signed in:
The Virginia Declaration of Rights continued the colonial tradition of state support for the established Anglican church.
Between 1820 and 1850, the majority of American immigrants came from:
Ireland, Germany, and England.
The Constitution explicitly stated that the United States would not be responsible for repaying to foreign nations old debts that had been contracted during the Revolutionary years.
In 1775, the British government:
prohibited all trade with the thirteen American colonies and claimed the right to seize colonial vessels.
Critics of the proposed Constitution generally objected that the planned size of Congress did not provide enough representation in relationship to population, meaning it would be too small to represent Americans' true interests.
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