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Driver's Ed Vocab

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median strip
an area that separates two-way traffic on a divided, multilane highway
multilane
a roadway with four or more lanes of traffic
vaper lock
a condition in which fuel in gaseous form prevents the engine from starting
intersections
passing is illegal within the last 100 feet before.....
sight distance
how fair you can see ahead, becomes shorter as you reach a hilltop
advisory speed
the maximum safe speed on a curve is given on an ..... ..... sign
pull out area
a place on a mountain roadway wehre slower moving vehicles can pull over
slow moving
an orange, triangular sign at the rear identifies a...... ..... vehicle
visual search
the process of searching or scanning critical areas is an orderly .... ..... pattern
right lane
many states require drivers to stay in this lane for normal driving on multilane highways
flash flood
a sudden rush of water, caused by heavy rain, that can wash out roadways
switchback
curve on mountain roadway that zigzags with a series of sharp turns
impact
the force with which one moving object hit another object
gravity
the force that pulls all objects to the earth
reaction
how far you vehicle travels during the time it takes you to act is your ..... distance
energy of motion
the energy an object has as it moves is its ...... .... .....
preception
the distance your car travels during the time it takes you to identify, predict, and decide to slow for a hazard is your ..... distance
traction
friction that allows a vehicle's tires to grip the road
total stopping
the distance from the point you first see a hazard to the point where your vehicle stops is your ....... ....... distance
banked
a curve that is higher on the outside than it is on the inside is a .... curve
tread
tire ..... is the grooved surface of a tired that grips the road
perception time
the length of time it takes you to identify, predict, and decide to slow for a hazard
reaction time
the length of time you take to execute your action after you know a hazard will be a problem
braking time
the distance your vehicle travels from the time you apply the brake until the vehicle stops
friction
the force that keeps each tire from slipping on the road
restraint
a ..... device is used to hold a vehicle occupant in place during a collision
center of gravity
the point around which all of the object's weight is evenly balanced
controlled intersection
an intersection protected by a signal or sign
fresh light
a light that has just turned from red to green
gap
the distance between vehicles
uncontrolled intersection
intersection that has no signs or signals to regulate traffic
joining
turning into lanes of other traffic
protected left turn
a left turn when made on a green arrow
cross buck
large, white x -shaped sign beside a railroad crossing
right of way
the privilege of immediate use of the roadway
railroad crossing
a round, yellow sign is posted here
unprotected left turn
left turn made at an intersection with no turn light
yield
allowing another driver to proceed first
driving task
all the skilled actions a person must take to drive safely
predict
to judge where possible points of conflict may develop
van
a popular passenger vehicle larger than a car
financial
as a driver, you have ___ responsibility for any damage or injuries you cause
HTS
a complex system involving people, machines, and roadways (abbreviation)
wheel
as a driver you will use the steering __ to help you execute your decisions
roadway users
people who use the HTS for walking, driving, or riding
execute
to maneuver a vehicle to avoid possible conflicts
IPDE
the organized visual-thinking doing which helps you drive is the is the ____ Process
crash
another word for collision
defensive driving
protecting yourself and others from dangerous and unexpected driving situations
identify
to locate potential hazards in the ongoing driving scene
stop
a red traffic light's message
truck
a vehicle that is often used to deliver packages
driver error
the main cause of most collisions
collisions
occur when a vehicle hits another object
vehicle code
made up driving laws passed by federal and state legislatures
go
a green traffic light's message
fuel
all drivers are responsible for using ____ efficient driving habits
decide
to determine when, where, and how to take actions to avoid conflicts
bus
a large passenger vehicle you might ride one to school
aim high
looking ahead 12-15 seconds into your target area as you drive
compromise space
giving as much space as possible to the greater of two hazards
space cushion
the area around your vehicle
separate
_____ hazards by adjusting speed to handle one hazard at a time
minimize
____ a hazard by putting more space between yourself and the hazard
area
the target ____ range is the first searching range
pattern
use an orderly visual search ____ to search critical areas in a regular sequence
sight
____ distance is the distance you can see ahead
execute
you ____ a decision in order to avoid conflict
turn
3-5 seconds before making any change in directions, communicate your intentions with _____ - signal lights
identify
the step in the IPDE Process when you recognize a possible hazard is ____
path
three searching ranges need to be evaluated in your ____ of travel
zones
the six areas around your vehicle are called ____
travel
your path of ____ is directed toward your target area
decide
to choose to change speed or direction or to communicate to others to avoid a traffic is to ____
IPDE
the ____ process is an organized system of seeing, thinking, and responding
ABS
antilock braking system (abbreviation)
cushion
your space ___ is all the space around your car
scan
you are looking and seeing as you ___ but not staring
traction
the gripping power between a vehicle's tires and a roadway surface is called ____
search
in order to keep alert to conditions in your zones, you need to ____ three ranges
safe
a ____ path of travel is free of hazards and conflicts
predict
to determine where possible points of conflict might occur is to ____
ground
____ viewing is making quick glances to the roadway in front of your vehicle
visual
an orderly ____ search pattern is a process of searching critical areas in a regular sequence
field
your ____ of vision is all the area you can see around you while looking straight ahead
open
if you can drive without restriction to your line of sight or to your intended path of travel, the zone is ____
path
the 4-6 second range is where you get the final update of how you are controlling you intended _________ of travel
low beam headlights
use these to protect yourself when driving just before sunrise and after sunset
high beam headlights
using these in snow, heavy rain, or fag causes more light to reflect back into your eyes and you will see less
rocking the vehicle
when your vehicle is stuck in deep snow, mud, or sand, you can usually loosen the wheels by doing this
time and space
anytime your visibility is reduced, you need more of this
skid
sudden, hard braking and accelerating can produce this
night
not only do you see less during this, but you are tired and some other drivers might have been drinking
glare
bright sunlight in the early morning or late afternoon can create __________ problems for you and other drivers
adverse weather
a driver must reduce speed and adjust to changing conditions during this
antilock braking
scientists have developed this system to help drivers maintain control of their vehicles
overdriving
_________ headlights means driving at a speed that makes your stopping distance longer than the distance lighted by your headlights
rain-slick
___ roads affect more drivers than any other reduced-traction condition
hydroplaning
vehicle tires riding on the surface of the water rather than gripping the road is known as ____
locked wheels
these provide no steering control
tire chains
use snow tires or these to improve traction on snow or ice-covered roads
controlled
the technique of applying your brakes to slow or stop quickly without locking your wheels is called _____ braking
smith system
1) aim high in steering 2)get the big picture 3) leave yourself an out 4) make sure others see you 5) keep your eyes moving
the sweeping glance
checking traffic ahead 1) check inside rearview mirror 2) check side mirrors, put on turn signal 3) check blindspot