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median strip

an area that separates two-way traffic on a divided, multilane highway


a roadway with four or more lanes of traffic

vaper lock

a condition in which fuel in gaseous form prevents the engine from starting


passing is illegal within the last 100 feet before.....

sight distance

how fair you can see ahead, becomes shorter as you reach a hilltop

advisory speed

the maximum safe speed on a curve is given on an ..... ..... sign

pull out area

a place on a mountain roadway wehre slower moving vehicles can pull over

slow moving

an orange, triangular sign at the rear identifies a...... ..... vehicle

visual search

the process of searching or scanning critical areas is an orderly .... ..... pattern

right lane

many states require drivers to stay in this lane for normal driving on multilane highways

flash flood

a sudden rush of water, caused by heavy rain, that can wash out roadways


curve on mountain roadway that zigzags with a series of sharp turns


the force with which one moving object hit another object


the force that pulls all objects to the earth


how far you vehicle travels during the time it takes you to act is your ..... distance

energy of motion

the energy an object has as it moves is its ...... .... .....


the distance your car travels during the time it takes you to identify, predict, and decide to slow for a hazard is your ..... distance


friction that allows a vehicle's tires to grip the road

total stopping

the distance from the point you first see a hazard to the point where your vehicle stops is your ....... ....... distance


a curve that is higher on the outside than it is on the inside is a .... curve


tire ..... is the grooved surface of a tired that grips the road

perception time

the length of time it takes you to identify, predict, and decide to slow for a hazard

reaction time

the length of time you take to execute your action after you know a hazard will be a problem

braking time

the distance your vehicle travels from the time you apply the brake until the vehicle stops


the force that keeps each tire from slipping on the road


a ..... device is used to hold a vehicle occupant in place during a collision

center of gravity

the point around which all of the object's weight is evenly balanced

controlled intersection

an intersection protected by a signal or sign

fresh light

a light that has just turned from red to green


the distance between vehicles

uncontrolled intersection

intersection that has no signs or signals to regulate traffic


turning into lanes of other traffic

protected left turn

a left turn when made on a green arrow

cross buck

large, white x -shaped sign beside a railroad crossing

right of way

the privilege of immediate use of the roadway

railroad crossing

a round, yellow sign is posted here

unprotected left turn

left turn made at an intersection with no turn light


allowing another driver to proceed first

driving task

all the skilled actions a person must take to drive safely


to judge where possible points of conflict may develop


a popular passenger vehicle larger than a car


as a driver, you have ___ responsibility for any damage or injuries you cause


a complex system involving people, machines, and roadways (abbreviation)


as a driver you will use the steering __ to help you execute your decisions

roadway users

people who use the HTS for walking, driving, or riding


to maneuver a vehicle to avoid possible conflicts


the organized visual-thinking doing which helps you drive is the is the ____ Process


another word for collision

defensive driving

protecting yourself and others from dangerous and unexpected driving situations


to locate potential hazards in the ongoing driving scene


a red traffic light's message


a vehicle that is often used to deliver packages

driver error

the main cause of most collisions


occur when a vehicle hits another object

vehicle code

made up driving laws passed by federal and state legislatures


a green traffic light's message


all drivers are responsible for using ____ efficient driving habits


to determine when, where, and how to take actions to avoid conflicts


a large passenger vehicle you might ride one to school

aim high

looking ahead 12-15 seconds into your target area as you drive

compromise space

giving as much space as possible to the greater of two hazards

space cushion

the area around your vehicle


_____ hazards by adjusting speed to handle one hazard at a time


____ a hazard by putting more space between yourself and the hazard


the target ____ range is the first searching range


use an orderly visual search ____ to search critical areas in a regular sequence


____ distance is the distance you can see ahead


you ____ a decision in order to avoid conflict


3-5 seconds before making any change in directions, communicate your intentions with _____ - signal lights


the step in the IPDE Process when you recognize a possible hazard is ____


three searching ranges need to be evaluated in your ____ of travel


the six areas around your vehicle are called ____


your path of ____ is directed toward your target area


to choose to change speed or direction or to communicate to others to avoid a traffic is to ____


the ____ process is an organized system of seeing, thinking, and responding


antilock braking system (abbreviation)


your space ___ is all the space around your car


you are looking and seeing as you ___ but not staring


the gripping power between a vehicle's tires and a roadway surface is called ____


in order to keep alert to conditions in your zones, you need to ____ three ranges


a ____ path of travel is free of hazards and conflicts


to determine where possible points of conflict might occur is to ____


____ viewing is making quick glances to the roadway in front of your vehicle


an orderly ____ search pattern is a process of searching critical areas in a regular sequence


your ____ of vision is all the area you can see around you while looking straight ahead


if you can drive without restriction to your line of sight or to your intended path of travel, the zone is ____


the 4-6 second range is where you get the final update of how you are controlling you intended _________ of travel

low beam headlights

use these to protect yourself when driving just before sunrise and after sunset

high beam headlights

using these in snow, heavy rain, or fag causes more light to reflect back into your eyes and you will see less

rocking the vehicle

when your vehicle is stuck in deep snow, mud, or sand, you can usually loosen the wheels by doing this

time and space

anytime your visibility is reduced, you need more of this


sudden, hard braking and accelerating can produce this


not only do you see less during this, but you are tired and some other drivers might have been drinking


bright sunlight in the early morning or late afternoon can create __________ problems for you and other drivers

adverse weather

a driver must reduce speed and adjust to changing conditions during this

antilock braking

scientists have developed this system to help drivers maintain control of their vehicles


_________ headlights means driving at a speed that makes your stopping distance longer than the distance lighted by your headlights


___ roads affect more drivers than any other reduced-traction condition


vehicle tires riding on the surface of the water rather than gripping the road is known as ____

locked wheels

these provide no steering control

tire chains

use snow tires or these to improve traction on snow or ice-covered roads


the technique of applying your brakes to slow or stop quickly without locking your wheels is called _____ braking

smith system

1) aim high in steering 2)get the big picture 3) leave yourself an out 4) make sure others see you 5) keep your eyes moving

the sweeping glance

checking traffic ahead 1) check inside rearview mirror 2) check side mirrors, put on turn signal 3) check blindspot

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