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114 terms

HPRS 1206 Ch.16: Skin

Austin Community College; Professor Bodman Language of Medicine
STUDY
PLAY
1st degree burn
epidermal burn
2nd degree burn
epidermal and dermal burn
3rd degree burn
destruction of epidermis and dermis; damage to subcutaneous layer
adip/o
fat
adipose tissue
fat tissue
albinism
genetic disorder where the melanocytes don't produce pigment
albin/o
white
alopecia
absence of hair from where it normally grows
cutane/o
skin (alternative word)
cyst
fluid filled sac
dermis
middle layer of skin; contains collagen
diaphor/o
profuse sweating
ecchymosis
bruising
eczema
an allergic reaction with redness and popules
epidermis
outer most layer of skin
erythem/o
redness
erythema
redness of the skin
erythroderma
redness of the skin
gangrene
death of tissue due to blood loss
hidrosis
sweating
hyperhidrosis
excessive or profuse sweating as a problem of itself
kerat/o
hard
keratin
hard protein
lesion
change to normal tissue
leuk/o
white
melan/o
black
melanin
brown-black pigment gives skin color
myc/o
fungus
onych/o
nail
pruritus
itching
pustule
small infection
scabies
skin parasite lays eggs in the dermis, contagious parasitic infection with intense pruritus
Functions of the Skin
Protection
Sensation
Temperature and fluid control
Stratum Corneum
Most superficial layer of epidermis; made of keratin
Basal Layer
Deepest layer of epidermis; source of all cells in the epidermis
Melanocytes
Located in Basal layer; Contain brown-black pigment melanin
What are the four things dermis contains?
Blood and lymph vessels
Hair follicles
Glands
Nerve fibers
What is the dermis supported by?
Collagen and Connective Tissue
Subcutaneous Layer
Deepest layer of skin; fat cells
pil/o
hair
paronychium
soft tissue surrounding nail border
cuticle (epidermal)
Base and sides of nail
onych/o/lysis
loosening of the nail
ungu/o
nail
sebaceous gland
secretes sebum
sebum
oily secretion
Location of Sebaceous Gland
hair follicles
-crine
secrete
Ec/crine
ODORLESS sweat of hands and feet
Apo/crine
sweat of armpits and groin; body odor
Apocrine glands become active during...
Puberty
cyan/o
purple
erythr/o
red
jaund/o
whole person is yellow
xanth/o
discrete areas of skin are yellow
icterus
the condition of being yellow
cirrh/o
tawny yellow (like a lion)
chym
to pour
diaphor/o
profuse sweating
diaphoresis
condition of profuse sweating
hidr/o-
sweat
anhidrosis
condition without sweat
ichthy/o
severe dryness
ichthyosis
condition of severe dryness
xer/o
dryness
xeroderma
dry skin
dermatomycosis
fungal infection of the skin
onychomycosis
fungal infection of the nail
subungal
under the nail
keratosis
thickened and rough lesion of the skin
xanthoma
yellow build up of the skin; typically fat build up under the skin
melanoma
cancerous growth of melanocytes
seb/o
sebum
seborrhea
flow of sebum
ulcer
very deep erosion of the skin
vesicle
superficial blister
papule
small elevation of the skin (e.g. pimple)
macule
small, flat lesion (e.g. freckles)
wheal
red swollen papule (hives)
Impetigo
bacterial infection
Mycosis
fungal infection
Tinea
ringworm
tinea corposis
ringworm on trunk
tinea pedis
athlete's foot
tinea unguium
ringworm of the nail
tinea barbae
ringworm on the beard (facial hair)
tinea capitis
top of head
wart (verruca)
viral infection
infestation
organisms that live in the skin
scabies
parasitic infection of the skin
acne
sebum and keratin blocking pores
psoriasis
chronic itchy, silvery scales on skin and red plaques
atopy
hereditary tendency to allergic reactions
atopic
hereditary tendency to allergic reactions
prurit/o
itch
Urticaria
hives
Where are the nerve endings in the skin located?
dermis
Gangrene
death of tissue due to ischemia
Treatment for Gangrene
Excision or Amputation
Carcinoma
cancerous tumor
basal cell carcinoma
most frequent carcinoma; no metastasis
squamos cell carcinoma
Malignant carcinoma
actinic keratosis
squamos cell pre-malignant lesion
actin-
light
dys/plast/icnevus
abnormal mole change
Acronym for checking for moles
ABCD: Asyymetry Border Color Diameter
cry/o/surgery
freezing
curretage
scraping
skin biopsy
malignant lesions are removed by mircoscopically by a pathologist (punch or shave biopsy)
PPD
Purified Protein Derivative (test for tuberculosis)
SC & SD
Subcutaneous
Leukoplakia
white plaque
scleroderma
skin hardening
piloerection
erection of the hair