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Intro to comm dis quiz 3
Terms in this set (39)
solids and/or liquids entering into the lungs; can lead to aspiration pneumonia.
solids/liquids reaching the level of the vocal folds.
complete or partial blockage of the arteries transporting blood to the brain.
weakened arterial walls burst under pressure (aneurysm)
each hemisphere is concerned with the opposite side of the body (sensory and motor functions of the cerbrum)
responsible for problem solving, judgment, reasoning, executive function, and logic
contains speech and auditory information
Primary motor cortex
in front of the central sulcus, a 2cm wide strip that controls voluntary motor movements.
is divided into right and left hemispheres
Referred to as the "little brain." Coordinates the control of fine, complex motor activities; controls equilibrium and balance.
Input. Deficits in the areas of comprehension, including reduced comprehension, difficulty following commands, and poor reading skills.
Output. Deficits in production of language, including difficulty in the areas of speech, writing and gesturing.
no food by mouth
(modified barium swallow study). Video x-ray of the swallow. Preferred because you can see everything.
(fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing). Camera placed down the nose and into pharynx to asses swallowing function.
The phase of swallowing that involves stripping the spoon, masticating the food, and forming a cohesive bolus.
The phase of swallowing that involves moving the bolus from the front of the mouth to the back of the mouth.
The phase of swallowing that involves experiencing the feeling of hunger and preparing to take food in.
The phase of the swallow that involves airway protection occurring as the pharynx contracts to squeeze the bolus down.
The phase of the swallow in which the muscles of the esophagus move in a peristaltic motion.
meaningless or irrelevant speech with typical intonational patterns
Difficulty recalling names of people/objects
Difficulty understanding incoming auditory and visual information
weakness on one side of the body
paralysis on one side of the body
This adult language disorder is categorized by short sentences with grammar errors, anomia, slow, labored speech, and good awareness of errors
This adult language disorder is categorized by hyper fluent speech, poor auditory and visual comprehension, jargon, and decreased awareness of errors
an impairment of intellect and cognition
difficulty in swallowing
Omission of grammatical elements
a novel word; creation of made-up words that are used confidently
word substitutions (can be semantic or phonemic)
an expression that is repeated over and over
Slow, involuntary movement
The "receiving station" for sensory and motor info
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