430 terms

MA 100 Medical Terminology Review: root words; combining forms

STUDY
PLAY
abdomino
abdomen
abort/o
to miscarry
acid/o
acid
acous/o
hearing
acr/o
extremity
aden/o
gland
adenoid/o
adenoids
adip/o
fat
adren/o
adrenal glands
adrenal/o
adrenal glands
aer/o
air
agglutin/o
clumping, gluing
albin/o
white
albumin/o
albumin (protein)
alveol/o
alveolus; air sac
ambly/o
dull, dim
amni/o
amnion (amniotic sac)
an/o
anus
andr/o
male
aneurysm/o
widened blood vessel
angi/o
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
ankyl/o
stiffness; bent, crooked
anter/o
anterior, front
anthrac/o
coal, coal dust
aort/o
aorta
append/o
appendix
appendic/o
appendix
aque/o
water
arteri/o
artery
arteriol/o
arteriole
arthr/o
joint
asbest/o
asbestos
astr/o
star
atel/o
incomplete; imperfect
ather/o
fatty plaque
atri/o
atrium
audi/o
hearing
audit/o
hearing
aur/o
ear
auricul/o
ear
ax/o
axis, axon
azot/o
nitrogenous compounds
bacteri/o
bacteria (singular, bacterium)
balan/o
glands penis
bas/o
base (alkaline, opposite of acide)
bi/o
life
bil/i
bile, gall
blast/o
embryonic cell
blephar/o
eyelid
brachi/o
arm
bronch/o
bronchus (plural, bronchi)
bronchiol/o
bronchiole
bronchi/o
bronchus (plural, bronchi)
bucc/o
cheek
calc/o
calcium
calcane/o
calcaneum (heel bone)
carcin/o
cancer
cardi/o
heart
carp/o
carpus (wrist bones)
caud/o
tail
cauter/o
heat, burn
cec/o
cecum
cephal/o
head
cerebell/o
cerebellumnt
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cervic/o
neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
chalic/o
limestone
cheil/o
lip
chem/o
chemical; drug
chlor/o
green
chole
bile, gall
cholangi/o
bile vessel
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
bile duct
chondr/o
cartilage
chori/o
chorion
choroid/o
choroid
chrom/o
color
chromat/o
color
cirrh/o
yellow
clavicul/o
clavicle (collar bone)
clon/o
clonus (turmoil)
coccyg/o
coccyx (tailbone)
cochle/o
chochlea
col/o
colon
colon/o
colon
colp/o
vagina
condyl/o
condyle
coni/o
dust
conjunctiv/o
conjunctiva
cor/o
pupil
core/o
pupil
cornej/o
cornea
coron/o
heart
corp/o
body
corpor/o
body
cortic/o
cortex
cost/o
ribs
crani/o
cranium (skull)
crin/o
secrete
cruci/o
cross
cry/o
cold
crypt/o
hidden
culd/o
cul-de-sac
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
cycl/o
ciliary body of eye; circular; cycle
cyst/o
bladder
cyt/o
cell
dacry/o
tear; lacrimal apparatus (duct, sac, or gland)
dacryocyst/o
lacrimal sac
dactyl/o
fingers; toes
dendr/o
tree
dent/o
teeth
derm/o
skin
dermat/o
skin
dipl/o
double
dips/o
thirst
dist/o
far, farthest
dors/o
back (of body)
duct/o
to lead; carry
duoden/o
duodenum (first part of small intestine)
dur/o
dura mater; hard
electr/o
electricity
embol/o
embolus (plug)
emphys/o
to inflate
encephal/o
brain
eosin/o
dawn (rose-colored)
epididym/o
epididymis
epiglott/o
epiglottis
episi/o
vulva
erythem/o
red
erythemat/o
red
erythr/o
red
eschar/o
scab
esophag/o
esophagus
esthes/o
feeling
eti/o
cause
faci/o
face
fasci/o
band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles)
femor/o
femur (thigh bone)
fibr/o
fiber, fibrous tissue
fibul/o
fibula (smaller bone of lower leg)
fluor/o
luminous, fluorescence
galact/o
milk
gangli/o
ganglion (knot or knotlike mass)
gastr/o
stomach
gen/o
forming, producing, origin
genit/o
genitalia
gest/o
pregnancy
gingiv/o
gum(s)
glauc/o
gray
gli/o
glue; neuroglial tissue
glomerul/o
glomerulus
gloss/o
tongue
glott/o
glottis
gluc/o
sugar, sweetness
glucos/o
sugar, sweetness
glyc/o
sugar, sweetness
glycos/o
sugar, sweetness
gnos/o
knowing
gon/o
seed (ovum or spermatozoon)
gonad/o
gonads, sex glands
granul/o
granule
gyn/o
woman, female
gynec/o
woman, female
iatr/o
physician; medicine; treatment
ichthy/o
dry, scaly
idi/o
unknown, peculiar
ile/o
ileum (third part of small intestine)
ili/o
ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
immun/o
immune, immunity, safe
infer/o
lower, below
inguin/o
groin
insulin/o
insulin
irid/o
iris
isch/o
to hold back; block
ischi/o
ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
jaund/o
yellow
jejun/o
jejunum (second part of smal intestine)
kal/i
potassium (an electrolyte)
kary/o
nucleus
kerat/o
horny tissue; hard; cornea
ket/o
ketone bodies (acids and acetones)
keton/o
ketone bodies (acids and acetones)
kinesi/o
movement
kinet/o
movement
kyph/o
humpback
labi/o
lip
labyrinth/o
labyrinth (inner ear)
lacrim/o
tear; lacrimal apparatus (duct, sac, or gland)
lapar/o
abdomen
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
later/o
side, to one side
lei/o
smooth
leiomy/o
smooth muscle (visceral)
lept/o
thin, slender
leuk/o
white
lingu/o
tongue
lip/o
fat
lipid/o
fat
lith/o
stone, calculus
lob/o
lobe
log/o
study of
lord/o
curve, swayback
lumb/o
loins (lower back)
lymph/o
lymph
lymphaden/o
lymph gland (node)
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
mamm/o
breast
mast/o
breast
mastoid/o
mastoid process
maxill/o
maxila (upper jaw bone)
meat/o
opening, meatus
medi/o
middle
mediastin/o
mediastinum
medull/o
medulla
megal/o
enlargement
melan/o
black
men/o
menses, menstruation
mening/o
meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
meningi/o
meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
ment/o
mind
metacarp/o
metacarpus (hand bones)
metatars/o
metatarsus (foot bones)
metr/o
uterus (womb); measure
metri/o
uterus (womb)
mi/o
smaller, less
micr/o
small
morph/o
form, shape, structure
muc/o
mucus
muscul/o
muscle
my/o
muscle
myc/o
fungus (plural, fungi)
mydr/o
widen, enlarge
myel/o
bone marrow; spinal cord
myos/o
muscle
myring/o
tympanic membrane (eardrum)
narc/o
stupor; numbness; sleep
nas/o
nose
nat/o
birth
natr/o
sodium (electrolyte)
necr/o
death, necrosis
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
neutr/o
neutral; neither
nid/o
nest
noct/o
night
nucle/o
nucleus
nyctal/o
night
obstetr/o
midwife
ocul/o
eye
odont/o
teeth
olig/o
scanty
omphal/o
navel (umbilicus)
onc/o
tumor
onych/o
nail
oophor/o
ovary
opt/o
eye, vision
optic/o
eye, vision
or/o
mouth
orch/o
testis (plural, testes)
orchi/o
testis (plural, testes)
orchid/o
testis (plural, testes)
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
ovari/o
ovary
ox/i
oxygen
ox/o
oxygen
palat/o
palate (roof of mouth)
pancreat/o
pancreas
parathyroid/o
parathyroid glands
patell/o
patela (kneecap)
path/o
disease
pector/o
chest
ped/i
foot; child
ped/o
foot; child
pedicul/o
lice
pelv/i
pelvis
pelv/o
pelvis
pen/o
penis
perine/o
perineum (area between scrotum [or vulva in the female] and anus)
peritone/o
peritoneum
phac/o
lens
phag/o
swallowing, eating
phalang/o
phalanges (bones of fingers and toes)
pharmaceutic/o
drug, medicine
pharyng/o
pharynx (throat)
phil/o
attraction
phleb/o
vein
phot/o
light
phren/o
diaphragm; mind
pil/o
hair
pituitar/o
pituitary gland
plas/o
formation, growth
pleur/o
pleura
pneum/o
air; lung
pneumon/o
air; lung
pod/o
foot
poikil/o
varied, irregular
poli/o
gray; gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)
polyp/o
small growth
poster/o
back (of body), behind, posterior
presby/o
old age
proct/o
anus, rectum
prostat/o
prostate
proxim/o
near, nearest
psych/o
mind
ptyal/o
saliva
pub/o
pelvis bone (anterior part of pelvic bone0
pulmon/o
lung
pupill/o
pupil
py/o
pus
pyel/o
renal pelvis
pylor/o
pylorus
pyr/o
fire
rachi/o
spine
radi/o
radiation, x-ray, radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
radicul/o
nerve root
rect/o
rectum
ren/o
kidney
reticul/o
net, mesh
retin/o
retina
rhabd/o
rod-shaped (striated)
rhabdomy/o
rod-shaped (striated) muscle
rhin/o
nose
rhytid/o
wrinkle
roentgen/o
x-rays
rube/o
red
sacr/o
sacrum
sapling/o
tube (usually fallopian or eustachian [auditory] tubes)
sarc/o
flesh (connective tissue)
scapul/o
scapula (shoulder blade)
schiz/o
split
scler/o
hardening; sclera (white of eye)
scoli/o
crooked, bent
scot/o
darkness
seb/o
sebum, sebacceous
semin/o
semen; seed
sept/o
septum
sequestr/o
separation
ser/o
serum
sial/o
saliva, salivary gland
sider/o
iron
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
sin/o
sinus, cavity
sinus/o
sinus, cavity
somat/o
body
somn/o
sleep
son/o
sound
sperm/i
spermatozoa, sperm cells
sperm/o
spermatozoa, sperm cells
spermat/o
spermatozoa, sperm cells
sphygm/o
pulse
spin/o
spine
spir/o
breathe
splen/o
spleen
spondyl/o
vertebra (backbone)
spqam/o
scale
staped/o
stapes
steat/o
fat
sten/o
narrowing, stricture
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
steth/o
chest
sthen/o
strength
stigmat/o
point, mark
stomat/o
mouth
sudor/o
sweat
super/o
upper, above
synapt/o
synapsis, point of contact
synov/o
synovial membrane, synovial fluid
tax/o
order, coordination
ten/o
tendon
tend/o
tendon
tendin/o
tendon
test/o
testis (plural, testes)
thalam/o
thalamus
thalass/o
sea
thec/o
sheath (usually refers to meninges)
thel/o
nipple
therapeut/o
treatment
therm/o
heat
thorac/o
chest
thromb/o
blood clot
thym/o
thymus gland
thyr/o
thyroid gland
thyroid/o
thyroid gland
tibi/o
tibia (larger bone of lower leg)
tom/o
to cut
ton/o
tension
tonsill/o
tonsils
tox/o
poison
toxic/o
poison
trabecul/o
trabecula (supporting bundles of fibers)
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
trich/o
hair
trigon/o
trigone (triangular region at base of bladder)
tubercul/o
a little swelling
tympan/o
tympanic membrane 9eardrum)
uln/o
ulna (lower arm bone on opposite side of thumb)
umbilic/o
umbilicus, navel
ungu/o
nail
ur/o
urine, urinary tract
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
urin/o
urine, urinary tract
uter/o
uterus (womb)
uvul/o
uvula
vagin/o
vagina
valv/o
valve
varic/o
dilated vein
vas/o
vessel; vas deferens; duct
vascul/o
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
ven/o
vein
ventr/o
belly, belly side
ventricul/o
ventricle (of heart or brain)
vertebr/o
vertebra (backbone)
vesic/o
bladder
vesicul/o
seminal vesicle
vest/o
clothes
viscer/o
internal organs
vitr/o
vitreous body (of eye)
vitre/o
glassy
vol/o
volume
vulv/o
vulva
zanth/o
yellow
zen/o
foreign, strange
xer/o
dry
xiph/o
sword
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...