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substance abuse quizzes
Terms in this set (20)
One personality variable that has been consistently associated with higher rates of substance dependence is:
Psychological depression has been associated with lower levels of:
Parkinson's disease produces tremors and muscular rigidity because of damage to
-acetylcholine neurons in the parasympathetic branch.
-the blood-brain barrier.
-norepinephrine neurons in the locus ceruleus.
-dopamine neurons in the nigrostriatal pathway.
dopamine neurons in the nigrostriatal pathway.
Which is an example of chronic physiological toxicity?:
hypertension from smoking
paranoia from methamphetamine use
respiratory arrest from an alcohol overdose
hypertension from smoking
______________ results from a loss of myelin wrappings.
To receive diagnosis of substance use disorder an individual must satisfy at least 2 diagnostic criteria, one which has to be a symptom of physical dependence (tolerance or withdrawal).
In the neuron, neurotransmitters are stored in the cell body.
-axon terminals of presynaptic neuron.
GABA and glutamate are similar in that they are found throughout the brain and are primarily inhibitory neurotransmitters.
According to the text, the word "addiction" is a controversial term that has different meanings for different people.
One of the main ways that drugs can act on the neurotransmitter systems is by cutting off blood flow to a specific brain structure.
Because the effects of stimulants and depressants counteract each other, taking these drugs in combination does not produce intoxication.
Use of cocaine during pregnancy has been clearly linked to long-term developmental problems in the fetus.
-no long term research yet
One major similarity of freebase and crack cocaine is that they both can be smoked.
The blood-brain barrier is designed to allow all drug compounds into the brain.
-specifies which can cross. small lipophilic molecules.
Methamphetamine is more lipophilic than amphetamine.
The scientist who experimented with the ability of cocaine to produce local anesthesia:
The most common way for drug molecules to be deactivated is by:
-CYP450 enzymes in the liver.
-elimination through the bowel.
CYP450 enzymes in the liver.
If you want to get very high concentrations of cocaine to the brain very rapidly, which route of administration would you probably use?
Which famous scientist studied cocaine as a treatment for morphine dependence and depression?
After oral administration, most absorption of the drug molecules takes place in the
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