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EMT MODULE 4 QUIZ
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Terms in this set (30)
What are the three components of the "Perfusion Triangle"?
Heart, blood vessels, blood
You are assisting an asthma patient with his prescribed metered-dose inhaler. After the patient takes a deep breath and depresses the inhaler, you should:
instruct him to hold his breath for as long as he comfortably can.
As you approach a patient lying at the side of the roadway, you observe severe bleeding from the leg. What should your first action be?
Control the bleeding.
In order for efficient pulmonary gas exchange to occur:
oxygen and carbon dioxide must be able to freely diffuse across the alveolar capillary membrane.
A 25-year-old unrestrained female struck the steering wheel with her chest when her car hit a tree while traveling at a high rate of speed. She has signs and symptoms of shock, which you suspect are the result of intrathoracic bleeding. Which of the following interventions will provide this patient with the greatest chance for survival?
Rapid transport to a trauma center
Inadequate circulation of blood throughout the body is called ________.
Your patient is in shock, but the body's defense mechanisms are currently able to maintain adequate circulation. This is called ___________.
Asthma is caused by a response of the:
Your patient has a chronic respiratory condition. His stimulus to breathe is triggered by low oxygen levels in the blood. This is known as the ___________.
To protect vital organs, the body compensates by directing blood flow away from organs that are more tolerant of low flow, such as:
Which of the following injuries would MOST likely cause obstructive shock?
In what area of the lungs does respiration occur?
His parents tell you that their son has had a chest infection for the past two days and when they took him to their family doctor, they were told it was likely due to the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). They have kept him well hydrated, but the infection seems to have gotten worse. On auscultation, you hear decreased air entry bilaterally with fine expiratory wheezes and the occasional coarse wet crackle. Based on this information, your patient is most likely suffering from
Hypovolemic shock caused by severe burns is the result of a loss of:
Which of the following is the ONLY action that can prevent eventual death from a tension pneumothorax?
Decompression of the injured side of the chest
Your patient has a decreased cardiac output and poor myocardial contractility. This will likely lead to ___________.
A pleural effusion is MOST accurately defined as:
fluid accumulation outside the lung.
Shock due to severe infection is called ________.
You are attending to a 3-year-old male patient who is presenting with severe shortness of breath. His parents report that he has had a cough and cold with a low grade fever for the past two days. They became worried today, as his level of distress has increased dramatically. On assessment, the patient is sitting upright and making high-pitched noises with each breath. Based on this information, the patient is most likely suffering from:
viral infection of the upper respiratory tract.
You suspect your patient is in shock. You note the patient's skin is pale. This is likely due to ___________.
Your protocols state that during the first few minutes of working on a cardiac arrest patient, you should provide passive ventilation. This means that you will:
allow recoil of the chest between compressions to draw air into the lungs.
Foods, medications, and insects are common causes of ________.
Which of the following must be assessed in every respiratory patient?
"PASTE" is an alternate assessment tool for ___________.
Which of the following conditions would be LEAST likely to result in hypoxia?
A 20-year-old male has a large laceration to his wrist. He is holding a blood-soaked towel over the wound, but it continues to bleed rapidly. You should:
apply a tourniquet proximal to the wrist.
A 59-year-old male with a history of emphysema complains of an acute worsening of his dyspnea and pleuritic chest pain following a forceful cough. Your assessment reveals that he has a barrel-shaped chest, unilaterally diminished breath sounds, and tachycardia. What is the MOST likely cause of this patient's condition?
At a flow rate of 6 L/min, a nasal cannula can deliver an approximate oxygen concentration of up to:
You are attending to a 54-year-old female patient in a homeless shelter. The patient tells you that she had the flu a couple of weeks ago, and she has not gotten over it. She has been tired and keeps waking up at night, sweating. She has been coughing up blood tinged sputum occasionally and has been experiencing episodes of chest pain that get worse when she breathes. Based on this information, your patient is most likely suffering from:
The process of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide between the alveoli and the blood of the capillaries is called:
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