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Fahrer Geography exam 2
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Terms in this set (78)
money sent to families by migrant workers in other countries
Short-term movement such as commuting, seasonal
vacations, and nomadic travel.
Long-term movement such as migrant labor,
transhumance, travel to college, and military assignments.
The area within which people move freely on their rounds of regular activity
immigration and emigration
What two types of international migration are there?
entering from an international location/population
departing out of an international location/population
inmigration and outmigration
What two types of internal migration are there?
moving within an internal country
leaving an internal country to innternational
Permanent movement undertaken by choice.
permanent movement, usually compelled by cultural factors
Pop A x Pop B/Distance^2
gravity model formula
can be used to compare levels of interaction between towns
As distance increases, the likelihood of travel __________. (Distance DECAY)
Incentives for potential migrants to leave a place, such as war, famine, or overpopulation.
Factors that induce people to move to a new location. (employment, climate, asylum, etc)
Migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city
occurs when one set of migrants influences friends and relatives to follow their route
-cultural differences political
5 barriers of migration (Know)
Major global migration patterns
regional migration patterns
national migration patterns
guest worker programs
After WWII, many European countries used
____________________________ to fill jobs
Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe in search of higher-paying jobs.
people who flee their international homeland to seek safety elsewhere
what is the permission to stay in another country because they are in danger at home?
deportation or repatriation
Those who do not qualify for asylum may face... (2)
An official order telling someone to leave a new country through asylum; expulsion
A refugee returning to their home country, usually with the assistance of government transportation
internally displaced persons (IDPs)
Those who flee their homes, but don't cross
international borders are classified as...
Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)
time period where they made tools from stone, wood and bones to hunt and gather
Neolithic (New Stone Age)
which witnessed the emergence of major
culture hearths for advances in agriculture
early centers of civilization whose ideas and practices spread to surrounding areas
the visible imprint of successful societies leaving their cultural imprints on a place
Over time, ____________ landscapes evolve into
cradles of civilization
another term for Culture Hearths
cultural hearths (cradles of civilization) often emerged along fertile river valleys; they're sometimes referred to as...
also hydraulic civilizations
civilizations that survive, thrive, and expand based on their capacity for controlling water and crops (also)
wheat, barley, rye, oats, grapes, olives, dates, melons, lettuce, carrots, and apples, and walnuts.
the plants domesticated in and around Mesopotamia (in the Mideast): (Their diffusion played an important role in Egypt and the Indus Valley as well.)
cows, sheep, goats, pigs, camels, and donkeys
the animals domesticated in and around Mesopotamia (in the Mideast): (Their diffusion played an important role in Egypt and the Indus Valley as well.)
fewer, less, and no
sub-Saharan Africa had _____ and _____ nutritious plants and ____ native domesticated animals as food sources compared to Mesopotamia (mideast)
single distinguishing feature of regular occurrence within a culture, such as the use of chopsticks
related combo of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity.
cluster of regions that exhibit similar cultural systems
A region within which common cultural characteristics prevail.
occurs over centuries as new civilizations build cultural landscapes on top of the remains of earlier civilizations.
an isoline marking boundaries for synonyms, i.e. different words used for the same meaning such as herd and flock
isolines separating regions with different pronunciations of the same word such as "route" pronounced as "root" or "rout."
Mandarin Chinese, Spanish, English, Hindi, Arabic, Portuguese, Bengali, Russian, Japanese, and Punjabi
What are the ten most-spoken first languages with over 100 million native speakers?
The _________________ languages is the most widespread and probably originated near the Black Sea.
Indo-european languages diffused throughout
most of Europe as well as _______ to _______ (Kurdish, Persian-Farsi, Pashtu, and Hindi).
English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Dutch
Which languages diffused to former European colonies in the Americas, Africa, and Australia/Pacific?
major groups of European languages
Romance (Latin), Germanic, Slavic, Baltic, and Celtic. Most of these are associated with particular countries or regions, but note those that are not readily associated with a country. Basque (in Pyrenees) is an extreme example. It's an ancient language unrelated to any other languages.
these include Swahili, Zulu, Yoruba, and Fulani
African languages are dominated by __________ and _________
a variant language of Dutch introduced by Dutch settlers during the colonial period.
Arabic is widely spoken where
what refers to languages used by people who may speak other languages at home?
English, French, and Portuguese serve as lingua franca in former ___________ colonies
Hausa is used in parts of:
Swahili is used in
Belief in one God
Belief in many gods
_________________ religion that is open to all. Ex: Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism
______________ religion one is born into; such as Hinduism and Judaism.
shamanist, animist, and naturalist are the three ___________ religions
what is a religious leader of one of shamanist, animist, and naturalist ancient tribal religions. Examples include medicine men and witch doctors.
Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism
World's largest religions in order:
only ________ is still dominant in its culture hearth.
Following a failed revolt against the Romans, Jews were subjected to a diaspora throughout the Roman Empire. What is diaspora?
Jewish descendants with Central or Eastern European heritage are known as _________ and make up about __% of Jews (make up most American Jews)
Spanish or Mediterranean Jews
convert to Roman Catholicism
During the Spanish Inquisition, the Sephardim (Spanish or Mediterranean Jews) were expelled from Spain if they did not what?
Jews from other parts of Africa and Asia are known as...
In the 1880s, ___________ began the Zionist (Jewish Nationalist) movement to return (aliyah) to Palestine.
immigration to Israel
In 1948, _________ succeeded in establishing the State of Israel, but have subsequently fought several wars with
neighboring Arab states. Since then, many Jews have made the _______.
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