Upgrade to remove ads
Exam 2 Foot & Toes
Terms in this set (31)
Name the bones in the lower leg
Fibula and Tibia
What are the two movements of the talocrural joint?
Plantarflexion and Dorsiflexion
What are the two movements of the subtalar joint?
Inversion and Eversion
List the deltoid ligaments.
Posterior tibiotalar, Tibiocalcaneal, Tibionavicular, Anterior tibiotalar
List the lateral ligaments of the ankle.
Anterior talofibular, Posterior talofibular, Calcaneofibular
Name the 4 compartments of the lower leg.
Anterior, Superficial posterior, Deep posterior, Lateral
The bump test is used when a _
fracture is suspected
Anterior drawer of the ankle is used to determine the extent of injury to the
anterior talofibular ligament_________ primarily
What are the three types of ankle sprains?
Inversion, Eversion, High
10. What are the common tendinitis sites in the ankle?
Anterior Tibialis, Posterior Tibialis, Peroneals Fibularis
is the most fractured long bone in the body.
12. True or False: Stress fractures of the tibia typically occur at the distal end of the bone.
1. Differentiate between each compartment syndrome classification.
Acute is caused by direct trauma to an area, Acute exertional can be caused without any trauma and can evolve with little to moderate activity, Chronic is when symptoms arise consistently during activity
14. Chronic Achilles tendinosis may eventually lead to
the rupture of the achilles tendon_______
1. How many bones do we have in our foot?
1. Name the tarsal bones?
Lateral cuneiform, cuboid, calcaneus, talus, navicular, intermediate cuneiform, medial cuneiform
1. What are the four arches of the foot?
Medial Longitudinal, Lateral Longitudinal, Metatarsal, Transverse
The main supporting ligament of the medial longitudinal arch is the _____plantar calcaneonavicular ligament__________,
which acts as a spring by returning the arch to its normal position after is has been stretched.
20. What is the thick band of fibrous tissue that originates from the medial aspect of the calcaneus and ending at the distal heads of the metatarsals?
1. What movements are associated with the foot?
1. Adduction and Supination
2. Abduction and Pronation
3. Toe Flexion
4. Toe Extension
5. Toe Abduction
6. Toe Adduction
The ___dorsal pedal_______ pulse, on the anterior aspect of the ankle and foot,
should be palpated.
23. The retrocalcaneal bursa lies between the
calcaneus______ and the ____achilles tendon_______.
If inflammation of retrocalcaneal bursa continues for many months a bone callus is likely to form. Otherwise known as a ____
1. What are treatment options for retrocalcaneal bursitis?
1. Doughnut pad
2. Heel lift to change site of pressure
3. Change of shoes during the healing
1. True or False: A heel bruise on the bottom of the calcaneus is not very disabling.
What are possible causes of plantar fasciitis?
• Leg length discrepancy
• Inflexibility of medial longitudinal arch
• Tightness of gastrocnemius and soleus
• Wearing shoes without sufficient support
• Lengthened stride during running
• Running on soft surfaces
1. What are the typical treatment options for plantar fasciitis?
· Stretching of the gastrocnemius, soleus, and the plantar fascia
· Wearing a night splint
· Arch tapping
· Heel cup
29. What is the most common metatarsal fracture known as?
1. What is the difference between nondisplaced and displaced fractures?
Displaced fractures need surgery to put the bones back into the correct spots non displaced fractures do not leave the correct spot.
Second metatarsal stress fractures are also called
1. Why does morton's toe increase the chances of second metatarsal stress fractures?
It increases chances because the first metatarsal is abnormally short causing the second metatarsal to bear more weight than it should.
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Europæisk imperialismes tidsalder (1700-1917)
Hist quiz 1
Joints and Synovial Joint Movements