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ASVAB Practice Test Answers
credit to: Ronan_Hardie
Terms in this set (400)
citrus fruits include
oranges lemons limes
what temperature is shown on a Fahrenheit thermometer reads 0 degrees
The major chemical constituent of a cell, by weight, is
Alcoholic beverages contain
The air around us is composed mostly of
The process that is responsible for the continuous removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere is
Ringworm is caused by a(n)
Light passes through the crystalline lens in the eye and focuses on the
Which of the following processes is responsible for the removal of oxygen from the atmosphere?
The vitamin that helps coagulation of the blood is
Of the following, the part of a ship that gives it stability by lowering the center of gravity is the
To reduce soil acidity, a farmer should use
Which of the following will cause Athlete's foot?
Bacteria of decay help
foods that contains the largest amount of Vitamin C are
tomato broccoli peppers
The cyclotron is used to
The earth completes one trip around the sun approximately every
A person is more buoyant when swimming in saltwater than in freshwater because
salt water weighs more than an equal volume of freshwater
A volcanic eruption is caused by
pressure inside the earth
The scientific name of an organism consists of its
genus and species
Which organelle is responsible for the eye focusing?
Which of the following acids is found in the digestive system?
When two forces act on an object in opposite directions, the resultant force is equal to the
a difference between the forces
Which vitamin can be intensified by the sun?
A man owned 75 shares of stock worth $50 each. The corporation declared a dividend of 8%, payable in stock. How many shares did he then own?
If a scow is towed at the rate of 3 miles an hour, how many hours will be needed to tow the scow 28 miles?
9 hours 20 minutes
Fifteen dozen eggs were needed for baking four wedding cakes. The first cake needed one dozen eggs, and each successive cake needed twice as many eggs as the previous cake. How many eggs were used to make the fourth cake?
The local high school had 1,000 bottles of water on hand. The school issued 1⁄4 of the supply to the 9th grade, 1⁄5 of the supply to the 10th grade, and 2⁄5 of the supply to the 11th grade. How many bottles remained for the 12th grade?
A dealer bought some bicycles for $4,000. He sold them for $6,200, making $50 on each bicycle. How many bicycles were there?
Many American cars feature speedometers that show kilometers per hour. If you are required to drive 500 miles, and you know that one kilometer is approximately 5⁄8 of a mile, how many kilometers would you cover in that journey?
Six gross of special drawing pencils were purchased for use in a department. If the pencils were used at the rate of 24 a week, the maximum number of weeks that the 6 gross of pencils would last is
A stock clerk had 600 pads on hand. He then issued 3⁄8 of his supply of pads to Division X, 1⁄4 to Division Y, and 1⁄6 to Division Z. The number of pads remaining in stock is
During a sale, CDs that normally cost $6.98 each were priced at 2 for $12.50. Pete bought 4 CDs at the sale price. How much money did he save by buying the 4 CDs on sale?
At the grocery store, boxes of coffee that normally cost $6.99 each were priced at 2 for $8.50. Jack bought 4 boxes at the sale price. How much money did he save by buying the 4 boxes of coffee on sale?
Two sailors traveled by bus from one point to another. The trip took 15 hours, and they left their point of origin at 8 a.m. What time did they arrive at their destination?
A team won 8 of the 24 games it played in one season. What percent of the games did it win?
The distance from my home to my school is 4 miles. If I can walk at an average rate of 3 miles per hour, how many minutes should it take to walk from home to school?
A shopper bought 4 pillow cases that cost $4.98 apiece, 2 fitted sheets that cost $8.29 apiece, and 2 flat sheets that cost $8.09 apiece. What was her total bill?
The wage rate in a certain trade is $8.60 an hour for a 40-hour week and 11⁄2 times the base pay for overtime. An employee who works 48 hours in a week earns
The temperature yesterday at noon was 68.5 degrees. Today at noon it was 59.9 degrees. What was the difference in temperature?
My family left at 4 a.m. this morning on a trip to the mountains. If the car averaged 60 miles per hour for 600 miles, what time would they arrive at their destination?
A woman bought a new color television with a $40 down payment and 16 monthly payments of $20 each. What was the total cost of the television?
A man paid $42.30 for gasoline in May, $38.60 in June, and $43 in July. What was his average monthly cost for gasoline?
A skier started a fire in the fireplace. Each log she put on burned for a half-hour. If she started with a supply of 10 logs, for how many hours could the fire burn?
To go from Poughkeepsie, New York, to West Palm Beach, Florida, you must travel 1,400 miles. If you can average a driving speed of 50 miles an hour, how many hours must you drive to make this trip?
On a certain day, the temperature ranged from -2°F to 10°F. What is the difference between the high and low temperatures for that day?
My favorite football team won 13 out of 16 games this season. What percentage of the games did the team win?
An officer traveled 1,200 miles in 20 hours. How many miles per hour did she average?
A boy sold $88.50 worth of stationery. If he received a 331⁄3 commission, what was the amount of his commission?
What is the shortest board a man must buy in order to cut 3 sections from it, each 4 feet 8 inches long?
A girl bought a sweater for $21, a blouse for $14.98, and a scarf for $4.97. What was the total cost of her purchases?
Don and Frank started from the same point and drove in opposite directions. Don's rate of travel was 50 miles per hour. Frank's rate of travel was 40 miles per hour. How many miles apart were they at the end of 2 hours?
A decorator went to a department store and ordered curtains for 5 windows. One pair of curtains cost $14.28; 2 pairs cost $33.26 apiece; and the remaining 2 pairs cost $65.38 apiece. What was the retail cost of the 5 pairs of curtains?
Revenue most nearly means
To necessitate most nearly means
The machine has (manual controls)
Deportment most nearly means
Prior most nearly means
Grimy most nearly means
Her (malady) caused side effects.
The man (survived) his three sisters
She is a (competent) worker.
All service was (suspended) during the emergency.
The (territory) is too large for one platoon to defend.
Huge most nearly means
Myriad most nearly means
Mail will be (forwarded) to our new address
the room was (vacant) when we arrived
Irritating most nearly means
Aspire most nearly means to
strive for a goal
Power most nearly means
The (accusation) was hurtful
statement of wrongdoing
Flexible most nearly means
Comprehend most nearly means
Instructor most nearly means
Defunct most nearly means
Revolving most nearly means
Alert most nearly means
the computer did not (function) yesterday
Hazard most nearly means
Blemish most nearly means
The reply will be (conveyed) by messenger
She committed an (egregious) error.
Attorney most nearly means
Obsolete most nearly means
out of date
The classroom has (stationary) desks.
We heard the steady ticking of the clock.
The letter (emphasized) two important ideas.
A box contains 3 black, 4 red, and 5 white marbles. If one marble is to be picked at random, what is the probability that it will be red?
The sum of the measures of the angles of a hexagon is
If A2 + B2 = A2 + X2, then B equals
If 6 + x + y = 20 and x + y = k, then 20 - k =
if 4 + X + Y = 30 and X + Y = K, then 30 - K =
How many different combinations of jackets and pants are possible from a wardrobe that contains 3 jackets and 5 pairs of pants?
How many different combinations of jackets and pants are possible from a wardrobe that contains 4 jackets and 4 pairs of pants?
A quadrilateral is a rectangle only if
it has 4 right angles and opposite side equal in length
(x + 3)(x + 2) =
x2 + 5x + 6
(3 + x)(6 + x) +
x2 +9x + 18
The perimeter of a rectangle is 90. One side of the rectangle is twice the length of the other.What is the length of the longer side?
what is the formula of a triangle
A quadrilateral is a square only if
it has 4 right angles and 4 congruent sides
In lights controlled by three-way switches, the switches should be treated and put in as
single pole switches
When working on live 600-volt equipment where rubber gloves might be damaged, an electrician should
wear leather gloves over the rubber gloves
a "mil" measures a
thousandth of an inch
If a fuse of higher than the required current rating is used in an electrical circuit
serious damage may result to the circuit from overload
The electrical contacts in the tuner of a television set are usually plated with silver. Silver is used to
The following equipment is required for a "2-line return-call" electric bell circuit:
2 bells 2 metallic lines 2 return call push buttons and 2 sets of batteries
What is the approximate characteristic voltage that develops across a red LED?
Metal cabinets used for lighting circuits are grounded to
reduce shock hazard
If two resistors are placed in series, is the final resistance:
A value that is NOT common for resistance is:
A polarized plug generally has
prongs at an angle with one another
Commutators are found on
Neutral wire can be quickly recognized by the
natural or whitish color
A good magnetic material is
iron steel nickel and cobalt
Rosin is a material generally used
as a soldering flux
If a small value of capacitance is connected in parallel with a large value, the combined capacitance will be
Which component of the charging system keeps the alternator from overcharging the battery?
In the four-stroke cycle gasoline engine, the sequence of the steps in each cylinder to complete a cycle is which one of the following?
intake stroke compression stroke power stroke exhaust stroke
Vapor-lock in a gasoline engine is most likely due to
fuel forming bubbles in the gas line
What would be the most likely reason a car "turns over" slowly, and has weak headlights?
After brakes have been severely overheated, what should be checked for?
glazed brake shoes
A good lubricant for locks is
If an automobile won't "turn over," and the battery is fully charged, the next thing to check for would be
loose battery cables
Manifolds are used to conduct
gases into or out of an engine
What forces fuel from the carburetor into the cylinder?
If an automobile engine overheats while the radiator remains cold, the problem most likely is
To test for leaks around the intake manifold of an idling engine, the mechanic would most likely use
If the intake manifold of a gasoline engine is warped to the extent that it leaks, the engine will most likely tend to
have a fast idle
The type of screwdriver that will develop the greatest turning force is a
a screwdriver-bit and brace
A jointer plane is
used for making close fits
Paint is "thinned" with
What is used to fasten ceramic tiles to walls?
When sanding wood by hand, the best results are usually obtained in finishing the surface when the sanding block is worked
with the grain
A 6-point saw is one that
had 6 teeth per inch
The tool that would be most useful in cutting a piece of wood at a 45-degree angle is a(n)
Automatic operation of a sump pump is controlled by the
The try-cocks of steam boilers are used to
find the height of water in the boiler
In order to keep down the inside temperature of an oil tank that is exposed to the sun, the outside of the tank should be painted
The difference between the boiling point and the freezing point of water on the Celsius scale is
Earth's 3 main layers
crust mantle core
divergent plate convergent plate transform fault
3 type of rocks
igneous metamorphic sedimentary
evaporation condensation precipitation
composition of dry air
nitrogen oxygen argon carbon dioxide
layers of the atmosphere
troposphere stratosphere mesosphere thermosphere
Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune
4 groups of consumers
herbivores carnivores omnivores scavengers
includes all the muscles that move and the bones and their connective tissues
Consists of the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs. The job of the respiratory system is respiration, or breathing, which is the process by which oxygen is obtained and carbon dioxide is released.
transporting materials to and from the cells. consists of blood cells and platelets the heart and blood vessels
works to digest food, consists of digestive tract, mouth throat esophagus stomach small and large intestine rectum and anus
Gathers and interprets information from the body's internal and external environments, and responds to the information. It allows humans to speak, smell, taste, hear, see, move, think and experience emotions. The nervous system includes the brain, nerves, and spinal cord.
Allows organisms to make offspring. Humans reproduce sexually, which means it requires a male and female. Females produce sex cells called eggs, and males produce sex cells called sperm.
different versions of genes
can be dominant or recessive
3 temperatures scales
Fahrenheit celsius kelvin
the 4 points in temperature
boiling point body temperature freezing point absolute zero
Newton's first law of motion
an object in motion will remain in motion unless acted upon by another force
Newton's Second Law of Motion
The acceleration of an object depends on the mass of the object and the amount of force applied.
Newton's Third Law of Motion
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
Every object in the universe attracts every other object
speed of light
186,000 miles per second
speed of sound
4.7 seconds to travel 1 miles
the energy an object has due to its motion
stored energy that results from the position or shape of an object
Forms of Potential Energy
mechanical chemical nuclear gravitational
Forms of Kinetic Energy
thermal electrical radiant sound motion/mechanical
atoms elements molecules compounds
states of matter
solid liquid gas
protons electrons neutrons ions
number of protons
the sum of the number of neutrons and protons in an atomic nucleus
are the substance in a chemical reaction that undergo a change
are the new substances formed as a result of the reaction
Reduction and Oxidation
describe chemical reactions in which atoms have their oxidation numbers changed
acids bases neutral
have a pH less than 7
have a pH greater than 7
a substance with a pH of 7
oxidation is lost
reduction is gain
order of operations
Parentheses Exponents Multiplication Division Addition Subtraction
The distance a number is from zero on a number line
Multiply the numerators and put the product over the product of the denominators
Invert (reciprocal) the second fraction and multiply
the amount of one quantity in comparison to another quantity
measures of central tendency
mean median mode
add up all the numbers than divide by the number of values
The middle value in a data set.
most common number
largest value minus smallest value
Values that are very low or high relative to the other values in a list of values
to leave or give up the control of something
in great quantity
a person or group that opposes; a foe or enemy
the peak tip or climax of something
to conform to the customers and attitudes of a group or nation
a defect or flaw
Shortness of time; briefness
to bring to an end
A place where supplies and materials are stored for distribution
A difficult problem or situation
A feeling of scorn and contempt towards something
To disagree with or differ from the majority
To deceive or fool someone
Adequate to accomplish a purpose
In an upright position; to build or construct
Not wasteful; spending very little
To damage or cause to become worse
To encourage or prompt to action
Bring about, produce, or cause
To give knowledge about a fact or circumstance
to shout at or taunt someone
the source of something
an unfortunate situation
an unreasonable and damaging opinion formed of a group
to occur again
to abstain from doing or saying something
to enjoy something
to determine something
a mischievous person or dishonest person
to avoid or keep away from
bad evil wicked
a mark of disgrace on ones reputation
a plan of action
strongly built or composed
to give up possession of something or leave a space or position
healthy energy or power
to caution against something
to make something easier
deviation from what is normal
having or expressing intense feeling
a great misfortune or disaster
free from bias
large in quantity
concealed or covered
a complete failure
to depart quickly
death or termination
Speaking or acting in two different ways as an act of deceit
To keep at a distance; to turn away in feeling
to hold back
lacking in ability or power
present but hidden
being something by name only
to support a person group party or cause
to be widespread
to suppress or subdue
to cause a person to accept something
to make right or correct
a temporary or supplementary fortification.
to surrender or give up
to delay impending punishment or temporarily relieve from evil
a period of delay
permission or approval
understood without open ecpression
definite or substantial
long and tiresome
thin or slender
a long often bitter outburst or speech
to abolish or put an end to something
willing to answer
to give up resistance
a feeling of disappointment or humiliation
to discipline or criticize
characterized by or executed with secrecy or concealment
an act of showing mercy or forgiveness
to deviate or depart from the main topic or argument
disagreement r difference of opinion
distinct or dissimilar
a place of residence
hostility or hatred
to shun avoid
involving fraud or deception
a breach or violation
provoke something to an action
not consenting to authority
wishing harm or evil upon something
to speak damaging lies against a person
someone is neglectful or careless
someone who is excellent
producing something in large quantities
a situation that is very difficult to get out of
to choose to give up or put aside something
retaliation against an enemy
shallow only being concerned with whats on the surface
capable of being affected emotionally
to spend wastefully
to cut short
annoyance or offense
to be indecisive
to speak poorly of someone or something
showing revengeful spirit
what cells contain centrioles
the intake valve opens as the connecting rod pulls the piston down, drawing the gas/air mix into the cylinder
to waste time
giving assistance or support
a group of organisms of the same species living in the same region
the collection of all ecologically connected species in an area
a system made up of a community of animals plants and other organisms as well as the non living aspects of its environment
a major life zone of interrelated species bound together by similar climate vegetation and animal life
the study of the interrelationships between organisms and their physical surroundings
large strings of hereditary units
changes fat to glycerol and fatty acids
converts polypeptides into amino acids
3 types of cells found in blood
red blood cells white blood cells platelets
365 Days/52 weeks
how closely packed the air molecules
during the day ____ warms up quicker
cold air has ____ pressure
warm air has ____ pressure
instrument that measures the atmospheric pressure
a elongated circle or oval shape the shape of the planets orbit
what happens to ultraviolet radiation from the sun when it reaches Earth's atmosphere
some of it is absorbed by the ozone layer
what is necessary to create a hurricane
a low pressure area over the tropical ocean
when you lift a weight with your biceps what occurs
your biceps contract and your triceps relax
what indicates that continents such as Africa were once situated near the south pole
what can hold the most moisture
what is a noble gas
example of substance with a pH less than 4
what part of a plant controls the amount of water within the plant
what part of the skeletal system protects the spinal cord
what element is not naturally a gas at room temperature
what name is given to the global ecosystem
what is required for a chemical reaction to occur
a change in chemical bonds
what is a substance that speeds up chemical reactions
our sun is made up of two gases...
hydrogen and helium
what terms can be used to describe a bird
vertebrate and warm blooded
Parts of a cell that store food, waste, and/or water are called
Which of the following is a cell with its genetic information enclosed inside a nucleus
Example of chemical reaction
Burning toast iron rusting
Most of the absorption of nutrients takes place in which part of the digestive system
Which of the following do not have membrane-bound organelles
If there were no greenhouse effect, which would likely happen to Earth
Earth would get colder
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