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110 terms

Vocabulary Semester 2

For Ms. Gordon's Lit/Writ Class 2011
STUDY
PLAY
Oscillate
(v)
to vary or vacillate between differing beliefs or opinion
Pestilence
(n)
a deadly or virulent epidemic disease
Vile
(adj.)
1. highly offensive or repulsive
2. morally despicable
Pernicious
(adj.)
causing insidious harm or ruin or deadly/fatal
Perjury
(n)
purposefully giving false testimony under an oath
Mutiny
(n)
a revolt or rebellion against authority
Capricious
(adj.)
subject to, lead by, or indicative of whim; erratic
Supercillious
(adj.)
haughtily disdainful or contemptuous, as a person or a facial expression
Taciturn
(adj.)
inclined to silence; reserved in speech; reluctant to join in conversation
Impotent
(adj.)
not potent; lacking power or ability
Portentous
(adj.)
ominously significant
Jocund
(adj.)
cheerful, merry
Idolatry
(n)
excessive or blind adoration, reverence, devotion
Lament
(v)
to feel or express sorrow or regret for
Quaint
(adj.)
1. having an old-fashioned charm
2. strange or unusual in an interesting or amusing way
Unscrupulous
(adj.)
not hindered by an uneasy feeling arising from conscience or principle
Assuage
(v)
to make milder or less severe, to relieve
Sallow
(adj.)
sickly yellowish color
Irascible
(adj.)
easily provoked to anger; very irritable
Euphonious
(adj.)
pleasant in sound; agreeable to the ear
Repertoire
(n)
the entire stock of works, skills or techniques used in a particular field or occupation
Abate
(v)
to lessen or diminish
Dictum
(n)
an authoritative pronouncement
Flinty
(adj.)
unyielding; unmerciful
Expound
(v)
to explain or interpret
Vex
(v)
to irritate or annoy
Predilection
(n)
a tendency to think favorably of something in particular, a preference
Unsavory
(adj.)
1. bad tasting; unpleasant
2. socially or morally objectionable or offensive
Solemnity
(n)
the state of being earnest or serious
Vapid
(adj.)
1. without liveliness, spirit or flavor
2. dull or tedious
Calamity
(n)
a great misfortune or disaster
Inexorable
(adj.)
unyielding or unalterable
Morose
(adj.)
being sullen or gloomy
Mottled
(adj.)
marked with spots of different color
Sepulcher
(n)
a tomb or a grave
Recumbent
(adj.)
lying down or inactive/idle
Juncture
(n)
a point of joining or a serious state of affairs
Paramour
(n)
an illicit lover, esp. of a married person
Prerogrative
(n)
an exclusive right or privilege, based on rank or office
Usurer
(n)
someone who lends money at exorbitant rates
Destitute
(n)
without means of subsistence
Disposition
(n)
an attitude or inclination
Reconcile
(v)
to cause (a person) to accept something not desired
Prodigious
(adj.)
extraordinary in size, amount, extent, degree, force, etc.
Tyranny
(n)
arbitrary or unrestrained exercise of power
Abhor
(v)
to detest utterly
Dexterity
(n)
skill or adroitness
Fester
(v)
1. to form puss
2. to rot
Languish
(v)
1. to become weak or feeble
2. to suffer hardship
Augment
(v)
to increase or make larger
Purge
(v)
to rid of whatever is impure or undesirable
Cumpulsory
(adj.)
required, mandatory
Importune
(v)
to demand with urgency
Brusque
(adj.)
abrupt, blunt
Tedious
(adj.)
long and tiresome
Yammer
(v)
to talk or whine at length
Bindle
(n)
a collection usually of bedding and other possesions carried by a hobo
Scourge
(v)
to torment or whip someone
(n)
a tormenter
Mollify
(v)
to calm or soothe someone who is angry
Pugnacious
(adj.)
inclined to fight
Resigned
(adj.)
submissive or acquiescent
Lumbered
(v)
to move slowly or heavy clumsines, as though weighted down
Imperious
(adj.)
like a boss; arrogantly
Dejected
(adj.)
depressed in spirits
Glimmer
(n)
a dim perception
(v)
to shine faintly or unsteadily
Ladened
(adj.)
burdened; loaded down
Grizzled
(adj.)
having gray or partly gray hair
Gingerly
(adv.)
with great care or caution; warily
Flounce
(v)
to throw the body about spasmodically; flounder
Contort
(v)
to become twisted, distorted, or strained
Apprehensive
(adj.)
uneasy or fearful about something that might happen
Plaintive
(adj.)
expressing sorrow or melancholy
Bemuse
(v)
to bewilder or confuse (someone)
Derision
(n)
ridicule or mockery
Reprehensible
(adj.)
blameworthy
Brittle
(adj.)
1. having hardness+rigidity but little strength
2. lacking warmth or compassion
Scuttle
(v)
to run with quick+hasty steps
Subdue
(v)
to overpower
Snivel
(v)
to whine
Indignation
(n)
strong displeasure at something considered unjust, righteous anger
Diminutive
(adj.)
small; little; tiny
Auspicious
(adj.)
1. promising success, favorable
2. favored by fortune
Asinine
(adj.)
foolish, unintelligent, or silly; stupid
Edification
(n)
1. the act of instructing morally or spiritually
2. uplifting
Prowess
(n)
exceptional power or ability
Obstreperous
(adj.)
resisting control or restraint in a difficult manner; unruly and loud
Inconspicuous
(adj.)
not noticeable or prominent
Vehement
(adj.)
1. zealous; intense or passionate
2. characterized by violence or anger
Myopic
(adj.)
shortsighted; lacking tolerance or understanding
Curt
(adj.)
rudely brief in speech or abrupt in manner
Rankle
(v)
to cause keen irritation or bitter resentment in
Reverent
(adj.)
deeply respectful
Placid
(adj.)
pleasantly calm or peaceful
Encumbered
(v)
to burden or weigh down
Acrimonious
(adj.)
caustic, stinging, or bitter in nature, speech, behavior, etc.
Smug
(adj.)
contentedly confident of one's ability, superiority, or correctness
Haughty
(adj.)
snobbish, arrogant
Arid
(adj.)
extremely dry and without moisture
Iota
(n)
a very small quantity
Furtive
(adj.)
taken, done, used, etc., surreptitiously or by stealth
Amble
(n)
a leisurely walk (usually in some public place)
(v)
to walk leisurely
Onslaught
(n)
a sudden and severe onset of trouble
Impudent
(adj.)
improperly forward or bold
Acquit
(v)
pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
Heathen
(adj.)
not acknowledging the God of Christianity and Judaism and Islam
(n)
a person who does not acknowledge your God
Cull
(v)
to pick or select
Solace
(n)
comfort in a time of sorrow, misfortune, or trouble
Surcease
(v)
to cease from some action
Garish
(adj.)
excessively ornate or elaborate
Prostrate
(v)
to throw (oneself) face down on the ground in humility or adoration