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bio module 4
Terms in this set (53)
Though evolution is generally regarded as a slow process, human activities surrounding bacterial infections like Shigella and MRSA can alter this time line. The evolution of resistance to methicillin occurred in _______ year(s).
True or false: Charles Darwin graduated from medical school in 1831.
Which of the following is a belief that was held by most people prior to Darwin?
Species had remained unchanged since the time of creation.
Evidence of organisms that have been preserved in the Earth's crust are called .
The scientific study of fossils is called .
What has lead to the evolution of antibiotic resistant bacteria?
overuse of antibiotics
Which of the following could Charles Darwin truthfully have listed as statements of experience on a resume he might have submitted to the Captain of the HMS Beagle?
spent summer of 1831 conducting geology fieldwork at Cambridge
attended many lectures in biology and geology while at Cambridge
Dedicated student of nature and collector of insects
attended divinity school at Cambridge
The belief that the appearance of change in organisms over time can be explained by a series of major extinction events followed by repopulation is called _____.
Prior to Darwin, most people believed that the Earth was a few _______ years old.
A biologist by the name of Jean-Baptiste de ___ proposed the idea of inheritance of acquired characteristics.
The remains of once living organisms are called ______.
True or false: A phenotypic change that was acquired during an organism's lifetime will be passed on to its offspring.
Inheritance of __ characteristics is the incorrect idea that structural changes that occur during an organism's lifetime can be passed on to future generations.
Georges Cuvier was the founder of ____.
Which of the following points would Darwin and Lamarck have agreed upon?
Adaptation to the environment is the cause of diversity.
More complex organisms are descended from less complex organisms.
The study of the geographical distribution of organisms is called .
How did the earliest paleontologists explain the fact that Earth's strata contained different life forms over time?
Local catastrophes caused mass extinctions leading to repopulation of the area by surrounding populations.
Charles Lyell's theory of ___ stated that slow natural processes produced the extreme geological changes observed in Earth's strata and that these processes occurred at a constant rate.
Which of the following people came up with the idea of inheritance of acquired characteristics?
True or false: Darwin thought that the Earth was approximately 1,000 years old.
Which of the following illustrates why Lamarck's proposal of evolution through the inheritance of acquired characteristics is not an accepted theory?
People who visit tanning booths and have dark tans do not have babies with tanned skin
True or false: The Galapagos Islands are volcanic islands located about 965 km off the western coast of South America.
True or false: Darwin and Lamarck proposed the idea of inheritance of acquired characteristics.
The continent closest to the Galapagos Islands is
True or false: The plants and animals living on the Galapagos Islands are the exact same species as found on the west coast of South America.
The idea that geological changes occur at a slow, constant rate is called:
Darwin observed many fossils of plants and animals that looked similar to, but were not exactly like, modern plants and animals. This led him to believe that organisms evolve or change over time.
Darwin and Lyell, in opposition to the popular belief held at their time, believed that the Earth was very ______.
True or false: Darwin's thoughts about geographic isolation were largely based on his observations of the various species of finches on the Galapagos Islands.
The Galapagos Islands were formed off the western coast of South America by ______.
What did Darwin suggest about the finches on the Galapagos Islands?
The ancestor to all the species on the islands may have been a mainland finch.
The ______ Islands are volcanic islands that are approximately 1,000 km off the western coast of South America.
The process by which new species are formed is called _____.
In his travels, Darwin noted that, compared to most species on the Galapagos Islands, species of ______ were similar, but slightly different.
Developing a thicker coat of fur during winter is considered a(n) ________.
What did Darwin suggest about living species after studying fossil organisms?
Living species are descended from extinct forms.
The process of ___ ___ results in the evolution of organisms that are well suited to their environment.
Listen to the complete question
In which type of bird did Darwin observe a range of beak sizes and shapes that were suited for consuming different food choices?
Select all of the following components of natural selection.
Individuals who have favorable traits will survive longer and reproduce more than those who don't have these characteristics
Populations produce more offspring than the resources of the environment can support
Members of a population have variations that are heritable
Concerning the Galapagos finches, Darwin believed that the diverse species present on the islands most likely evolved from _________ South American species.
The formation of new species from a single ancestral species is called .
If an adaptation is no longer suitable to an environment, the species may ______________.
Any characteristic that makes an organism more suited to its environment is called a(n) .
Which of the following may produce new phenotypic variations in a population?
The process that results in changes in a population as the environment changes is called:
Darwin believed that all members of a population would not typically be able to survive, and therefore reproduce, due to _____.
limited environmental resources
Which of the following are components of natural selection?
variation in reproductive success
adaptation to the environment
The reproductive success of an individual relative to other members of the population is referred to as .
The color pattern that provides the highest fitness in diamondback rattlesnakes varies across the species range and depends on the _____.
Which of the following evolutionary processes results in adaptation to the environment?
The process in which humans play an influential role in the traits of the future generations by crossing organisms with desirable traits is called __ selection.
Genes along with the _ will determine the expression of an organisms traits.
True or false: Populations of organisms can produce more offspring than the environment can support.
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