Unit 3: Political Parties
Terms in this set (17)
A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office.
Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support.
Periods when a major, lasting shift occurs in the popular coalition supporting one of both parties.
Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.
Voting for candidates who are all of the same party.
Funds spent by parties that are not contributed directly to candidate campaigns, and which do not "expressly advocate" the election or defeat of a candidate.
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses.
A party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage.
A party that values principled stands on issues above all else.
A local or state political party that is largely supported by another organization in the community.
Two party system
An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in national elections.
A meeting of party members to select delegates backing one or another primary candidate.
lifelong process by which an individual acquires opinions through contact with family, friends, co-workers, and other group associations. Media also plays significant role.
a group formed at the local/community level. Also implies significant control over state and local decisions.
refers to difficulty of passing laws fulfilling a party's political agenda in a legislature that is nearly evenly divided, or in which two legislative houses, or the executive branch and the legislature are controlled by different political parties. In the United States politics, gridlock frequently refers to occasions when the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate are controlled by different parties, or by a different party than the party of the president
connects the people to the government or centralized authority. These institutions include: elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media.
one party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of the United States Congress. Divided government is suggested by some to be an undesirable product of the separation of powers in the United States' political system. Earlier in the 20th century, divided government was rare. In recent years, however, it has become common, especially since the Watergate scandal of Richard Nixon, prompting the ideology that a divided government is good for the country. 1969-2009