Unit 3: Elections and Campaigns
Terms in this set (19)
The person already holding a political office.
The alleged tendency of candidates to win more votes in an election because of the presence at the top of the ticket of a better known candidate, such as the president.
Drawing the boundaries of legislative districts so that they are unequal in population.
Drawing the boundaries of legislative districts in bizarre or unusual shapes to favor one party.
A meeting of people, often in an auditorium or church basement, where they vote on who they would like their party's nominee to be.
The vote cast by a person who does not like either candidate so votes for the less objectionable of the two, putting a clothespin over his or her nose to keep out the unpleasant stench.
An issue about which the public is divided and rival candidates or political parties adopt different policy positions.
AN election held to choose which candidate will hold office.
An election held to choose candidates for office.
A primary election in which voting is limited to already registered party members.
A primary election in which voters may choose in which party to vote as they enter the polling place.
A primary election in which each voter may vote for candidates from both parties.
A second primary election held when no candidate wins a majority of the votes in the first primary.
Spending by political action committees, corporations, or labor unions that is done to help a party or candidate but is done independently of them.
critical realigning election
the coming to power of a new coalition, replacing an old dominant coalition of the other party (or replacing a stalemate, as in the United States in 1896 or 1932). Realignment may center on a critical election or be spread among several elections. More specifically, it often refers to American national elections in which there are sharp changes in issues, party leaders, the regional and demographic bases of power of the two parties, and structure or rules of the political system (such as voter eligibility or financing), resulting in a new political power structure.
a trend or process whereby a large portion of the electorate abandons its previous partisan affiliation, without developing a new one to replace it. It is contrasted with realignment.
the moving up of primary election dates so that the earlier primaries tend to be more important than the later ones.
contributions made to political parties for purposes of party building and other activities not directly related to the election of specific candidates. Also refers to unlimited contributions to organizations and committees other than candidate campaigns and political parties (except, where legal, to state and local parties for use solely in state and local races).
Government officials quit their jobs to take positions as lobbyists and consultants to businesses. May give private interests unfair influence over government decisions.
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