ACLS exam

Which of the following choices represents appropriate treatment of an asystolic patient?
Administration of atropine
Each cycle of CPR consists of 30 ____________ and two ____________.
compressions and ventilations
Bradycardia in a normal adult patient is defined as:
a resting heart rate less than 60 beats per minute
Sinus tachycardia originates in the:
Sinoatrial node
Which of the following represents a true statement regarding the NPA and OPA?
An NPA can be used on a semi-conscious or conscious patient, while an OPA can only be used on an unconscious patient.
In the management of an acute stroke patient, the goal is for the patient to arrive in the Emergency Department (ED) within ______ of the onset of signs and symptoms.
ten minutes
Stable tachycardia is defined as:
a heart rate faster than 100 beats per minute (bpm)
Begin use of TCP on a bradycardic patient with inadequate perfusion:
if atropine is ineffective or patient is exhibiting severe or degrading symptoms
Vasopressin can be substituted for:
both the first dose of epinephrine and the second dose of epinephrine
When treating an acute stroke patient, you must immediately create immediate IV access.
Which of the following should be considered in the IV access of an asystolic patient?
never interrupt CPR
Which of the following choices represents the two types of defibrillation?
Biphasic and monophasic
Which of the following does NOT represent unstable tachycardia?
Ventricular escape rhythm
____________ clear the patient before delivering a shock:
Which of the following represents a true statement about sinus tachycardia?
Sinus tachycardia may result from hypovolemia
Chest pain that is indicative of myocardial ischemia may be accompanied by nausea.
Patients with symptomatic bradycardia and _____________ may quickly degrade into cardiac arrest:
poor perfusion
Hypotension may indicate that the patient is unstable.
After defibrillation, CPR may be necessary.
A sinus rhythm originates in the:
sinoatrial node
The QRS complex on an ECG represents the:
contraction of the ventricles
Myocardial ischemia is caused by:
insufficient oxygen/blood supply
Use of the child AED pads is necessary if the patient is:
8 years of age or younger
Which of the following choices is NOT considered to be an underlying cause of PEA?
In the treatment of an acute stroke patient, the speed of response may determine patient outcome and survival.
Lidocaine can be used for post-resuscitation therapy.
All pulseless rhythms are classified as PEA.
Shortness of breath that is not accompanied by chest pain may be indicative of cardiac ischemia.
If a tachycardic patient loses a detectable pulse
immediately resume CPR and switch to the ACLS Pulseless Arrest Algorithm
A flatline on an ECG always represents asystole.
Severe headache and numbness may indicate that a patient is having an acute stroke.
____________ may be critical to maintaining a patient's airway.
The IO route involves injecting fluids or drugs into the:
Bone marrow
An acute stroke may result from ________________.
blockage of an artery in the brain or rupture of an artery in the brain
Which of the following is NOT a sign or symptom of bradycardia?
all of these answers are correct may be signs/symptoms of bradycardia
Which of the following choices represents the disease process whereby coronary arteries become blocked?
coronary heart disease
It is ____________ to use an AED on a patient with a transdermal medication patch:
Not Dangerous
A patient displaying Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA) will have ____________.
an organized cardiac rhythm
Which of the following does NOT represent a class or category of unstable angina?
extremely high-risk UA
Tachycardia may lead to a myocardial infarction, which is also known as a(n) ____________.
heart attack
A hypothermic patient may receive drugs when core body temperature is:
30 degrees Celsius or above
When considering an advanced airway, it is not important to consider whether or not there is sufficient time to administer bag-mask ventilation.
It is not advised to deliver oxygen to an acute stroke patient.
The Acute Coronary Syndrome Algorithm determines treatment protocol based on:
all of these answers are correct
Never administer analgesics and sedatives when using TCP.
Initial responders to an acute stroke patient should do all of the following EXCEPT
prioritize finding IV access
If a 12-lead ECG is not available, a _____________ may be used to interpret the patent's cardiac rhythm.
a rhythm strip
The P wave on an ECG represents the:
contraction of the atria
In a tachycardic patient, it is important to discern if the QRS wave is:
wide or narrow
Defibrillation restarts the heart.
In the event that atropine is found to be ineffective for the treatment of bradycardia, ____________may be used.
any of these answers are correct
Switch from the tachycardia algorithm if the patient ____________ at any point.
loses a pulse
Never administer oxygen to tachycardic patients.
Which of the following represents a true statement regarding asystole?
all of these answers are correct
The PR interval on an ECG represents the:
time between atrial and ventricular contraction
If the rhythm is unshockable and there is no pulse:
immediately resume CPR