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During World War I, which person did Czar Nicholas II place in charge of the armies?


What concession did President Wilson demand at the Paris Peace Conferences?

created League of Nations

What was the name of the group that conspired to assassinate Archduke Francis Ferdinand?
a. the Serbian People's Front c. the Bosnian Militia

Black Hand

In 1914 ____ was considered an act of war.

mobilization of a nation's army

The Western Front was characterized by

trench warfare that kept both sides in virtually same positions for 4 years

Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire became known as

Central Powers

____ were councils composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers.


The Germans were especially unhappy with the so-called War Guilt Clause in the Treaty of Versailles because it stated that Germany

was responsible for starting war

France's approach to peace was guided in large part by

desire for national security

World War I was a ____, meaning that it involved a complete mobilization of resources and people

Total War

____, the aggressive preparation for war, was growing along with nations' armies.


The German advance toward Paris was halted at

First Battle of the Marne

By attacking Austria in May 1915, Italy

betrayed Germany and Austria

What caused the United States to join the Allies in fighting World War I

German use of unrestricted submarine warfare

Under the leadership of ____, the Bolsheviks became a party dedicated to violent revolution.


In an attempt to end Russia's involvement in the war, Lenin

signed Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany which gave Russian territory to Germany

Who became the spokesperson for a new world order based on democracy and international cooperation

President Woodrow Wilson

After the war, Britain took control of Iraq and Palestine as

mandates of behalf of League of Nations

In what year did most of the Allied victories in the Middle East take place?


Who won all of the battles in the Middle East in 1918?

the Allied Powers

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