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Classical Mythology Final
Terms in this set (89)
Troy was situated at the entrance to the Hellespont, the narrow sea link between the Mediterranean and the:
T or F: Recent archeological studies confirm many of the details about Troy in Homer's Iliad
Which three goddesses were competitors for the golden apple in the judgment of Paris?
Hera, Athene, Aphrodite
Helen was the wife of
Which of these figures was Achilles's slave?
T or F: Most modern scholars believe that the Iliad and te Odyssey were written by a single author (Homer)
Which of there is the best definition of an epic simile?
an elaborate comparison
Which of there is NOT a sign of oral composition?
a clear narrative timeline
On whose side did Apollo, Artemis, and Aphrodite fight in the Trojan War?
T or F: When Homer refers to the Achaens, he is referring to the Greeks
Who tries to warn the Trojans about the horse? Check all that apply
T or F: Venus is attacked and harmed by a human during the Trojan War
Andromache's father was killed by
T or F: Hector is confident throughout the Iliad that Troy will win the war
Which of these figures was the son of Poseidon?
Not including flashbacks that recount the hero's earlier adventures, the action of The Odyssey covers:
Some ancient commentators viewed this character as an idealized self portrait of Homer
Which of these events in the homeward voyage of Odysseus came first, chronologically?
Stops at the land of lotus eaters
T or F: The Odyssey includes an account of the Trojan
As Homer portrays him. Odysseus is entirely human, which makes it especially significant that he refuses Calypso's offer of:
T or F: Odysseus slays Penelope's suitors upon his return
Which of these decisions in Odysseus's episode with Polyphemus was uncharacteristically imprudent?
Entering the cyclops's cave, Boasting of his cleverness and divulging his identity
T or F: Athene always appears to Odysseus in her true form
When Odysseus arrives on Circe's terrain, he is given the Moly plant as protection by
Which of these is NOT a ghost that Odysseus speaks to in Hades?
Two man-devouring monsters Odysseus must face are Scylla and:
Penelope keeps her suitors at bay with a number of strategies, including a promise to marry after completing this object for her father-in-law, which she unravels at night:
Who is the textbook describing in the quote below?
"As weaver, keeper of nuptial secrets, and guardian of and olive trunk symbolizing the Tree of Life, ______ implicitly functions as a priestess of feminine divinity."
When Odysseus finally arrives on the shores of Ithaca, he doesn't know where his is. Who tells him?
Athene in disguise as a shepherd
Upon returning to his house from the Trojan war, Odysseus wants Athene's help so that he can avoid experiencing the same fate as which fellow Greek?
How many of Euripides's 88 plays have survived?
At the beginning of Euripides' play, Jason has abandoned Medea so that he can marry:
King Kreon's daughter
Which of these was the kind of Korinth?
T or F: Almost all the ancient Greek tragedies drew from the mythological past rather than current events
Which of these terms means "reciprocal relationship of friendship and kinship"?
Which of these things did Medea NOT help Jason do prior to their marriage?
Navigate the labyrinth
While Euripides keeps Medea's position as a betrayed wife at the forefront, much of Medea's language and insistence on respect reflects ____?
Greek tragedy was composed for performance at an annual Athenian festival honoring which god?
T or F: Although the chorus rarely takes action itself, it can question, advise, and urge characters for or against action
The expression " by your beard" is and example of
The Roman Empire was primarily polytheistic. This meant:
People recognized and worshiped multiple gods and goddesses
Who is said to have uttered: "It is easier to steal Hercules' club than steal one line from Homer"?
In the Aeneid, which of these gods loves/patronizes Carthage?
Early in the Aeneid, Venus appears to Aeneas in the disguise of
Which of these scenes is depicted on the walls of Dido's temple to Juno?
Which of these scenes/figures in NOT depicted on the walls of the temple to Juno?
Agamemnon and Odysseus in council
T or F: Greek gods were already being worshipped in parts of the Italian peninsula and Sicily before the Roman Republic rose to prominence
Like Medea, Phaedra, and Ariadne of Greek myth, Dido can be considered an example of which if these themes?
Which of these deities was NOT a main god or goddess in Roman culture?
T or F: The emperor Augustus was incensed by the Aeneid and banished Virgil to an island.
Which of these Roman gods is not Greek in origin?
T or F: Aeneas's quest is a new mission to a new land and a return to the ancestral land of the first Trojan
T or F: Where as Homeric epics end in unremitting violence, Virgil's Aeneid ends in an atmosphere of peace and tranquility
A characteristic epithet for Aeneas is pius. Which of these words is the best translation of that term?
The verbal representation of visual representation (art)
Who wrote the Aeneid?
Seriousness of purpose and devotion to duty (especially to the state)
Duty to one's parents, the state, and the gods of Rome
Idealizing the simple life, free from the distractions of vanity and self-indulgence (qualities associated with women in Roman epic)
Romans appropriated myth from
The Greeks, The Etruscans
Rhea Silvia, mother of Romulus and Remus, was said to be a descendent of
Aeneas' son Ascanius
Romulus's role in the founding of Rome
Once they arrived, the Romans abducted and raped daughters of the Sabines and forced them into marriage
integration or token inclusion of non-white cultures and people
identify colonial systems, create a paradigm shift from a culture of exclusion and denial to the making of space for other political philosophies and knowledge systems
She helps Jason on his quest for the Golden Fleece, which is owned at the time by King Aeëtes, who is her father
Identify two tasks Aeëtes explicitly gives Jason in Colchis
Sow that field with dragon's teeth, from which warriors spring, Yoke the fire-breathing Khalkotauroi (Colchis Bulls) and plough a field with them
Emphasizes the woman's perspective
Madeline Miller's Circe
Jason and the Argonauts
Amit Chaudhury's Odysseus Abroad
Athena and Odysseus
Both good with words
protect his family and honor, blind loyalty
Helen, secular Eve
a seductive figure who tempts men with her sexuality and leads them to their death. Pawn or a temptress
a very long comparison using "like" or "as"
Interpretation of myths as traditional accounts of historical persons and events
According to Marguerite Johnson ("Guide to the classics"), which of these statements is true of Ovid's Metamorphoses
It's an epic about the act of silencing
Ovid's Metamorphoses was written in hexameter form in which language?
T or F: Ovid's Metamorphoses focuses on three main characters
Why is the myth of Daphne, as told by Ovid, considered an etiological (also spelled "aetiological") myth?
It explains the origin of the laurel tree
What is the main reason for widespread calls for Ovid's Metamorphoses to accompanied by trigger warning when assigned in classes?
Because of its consistent theme of rape
Callisto, rejected by Diana after her pregnancy is revealed, is then turned into which of these animals?
Narcissus falls in love with his own image after one of his suitors makes a prayer to which of these deities?
Which of these is NOT one of the Ages of Man described at the beginning of the poem?
The emperor Augustus was a big supporter of Ovid and bestowed many honors upon him
T or F: Lo, turned into a cow by Jove, is eventually restored to her previous form.
Who is Phaeton's father?
Which of these figures in the poem has 100 eyes?
According to Ovid, which of these prophets foretold that Narcissus would grow old only if he never looked at himself?
Which of these figured falls in love with Narcissus?
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