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78 terms

Religion 10 NT Final Exam Review

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divine revelation
God making Himself known to us
divine inspiration
influence of the Holy Spirit on the human writers of Sacred Scripture
inerrancy
belief that Bible is without error with regard to that which is necessary for our salvation
Regions of Palestine in Jesus' time
Galilee in north, Samaria in central part and Judea in south
circle of Gentiles
Galilee
Hebrew
language spoken in the temple in Jesus' time
Latin
language spoken by Romans of Jesus' time
Greek
language spoken by most people in Jesus' time around the Mediterranean; used for commerce and trade
Aramaic
language spoken among Jews of Jesus' time
Jesus means
God saves
Yahweh means
I Am
Emmanuel means
God with us
infancy narrative
story of Jesus' birth and infancy
genealogy
list of ancestors
midrash
using Old Testament references in the New Testament
transfiguration
(New Testament) the sudden emanation of radiance from the person of Jesus
resurrection
(New Testament) the rising of Christ on the third day after the Crucifixion
incarnation
a Catholic teaching that the Son of God took on human flesh in the person of Jesus Christ
Immaculate conception
the Church teaching that God favored Mary by preserving her from all stain of original sin from the first moment of her conception
Gospel
"Good News"
Sadducees
wealthy Jews of the temple who did not believe in the afterlife
Pharisees
legalists that make people follow Moses's law, so concerned w/ letter of law, forget meaning
Essenes
Monastic Jews who were living communally, apart from the world, about the time of Jesus
Paschal Mystery
God's love and salvation revealed to us through the life, passion, death, resurrection and glorification of his son Jesus Christ.
Gentiles
non-Jewish people
soaring eagle
symbol of John's Gospel
winged desert lion
symbol of Mark's Gospel
winged human
symbol of Matthew's Gospel
winged ox
symbol of Luke's Gospel
synoptic Gospels
The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, which, because of their similarities, can be "seen together" in parallel columns and mutually compared.
miracle
an extraordinary event, beyond human power to affect, brought about by God within the context of faith
apostle
One of the twelve, "sent out" to preach the Gospel
disciple
one of the 72 "followers" of Christ commissioned to preach the Gospel
Triduum
three-day liturgy that celebrates, remembers, the redeeming work of Jesus in his passion, death and resurrection
St. Paul
previously persecutor of Christians, now the Pharisee and Roman citizen who is the "Apostle to the Gentiles"
Epistles
letters found in the New Testament to the early Christian communities about God's revelation in Jesus Christ
Acts of the Apostles
a New Testament book describing the development of the early Church from Christ's ascension to Paul's sojourn at Rome
The Book of Revelation
Symbolic literature which was readily understood by first century Christians who were being persecuted; apocalyptic literature
4 kinds of miracles
nature, exorcism, raising back to life and healing
Structure of miracle story
Introduction, request for help, response by Jesus, result of His intervention, reaction of the crowd
Characteristics of a parable
story that uses everyday experiences to teach a deeper religious truth and often has a twist or a surprise in it
grace
participation in the life of God
author of the Acts of the Apostles
Luke
Acts records...
history of early church
Paul's "conversion"
a. going to Damascus, struck by lightning and heard God saying, "Saul, Saul why are you persecuting me?" Ananias baptizes him, and he changes his thinking
apocalyptic literature
a literary form that uses dramatic events and highly symbolic language to offer hope to a people in crisis
Revelation ends how?
all eyes fixed on the second coming of Christ
Herod
"puppet" leader of Palestine, working for Rome
Jerusalem is in which region?
Judea
polytheism
belief in many gods
exegesis
critical intepretation of scripture
northernmost region of Palestine in Jesus' time
Galilee
middle region ...
Samaria
southern region...
Judea
zealots
group desiring Jewish independence, caused uprising in 70 A.D.
Scribes
Jewish scholars of Jesus' time, knowing how to read and write
group most mentioned in the Bible
Pharisees
Which apostle was a Pharisee?
Matthew
Cousin to John the Baptist?
Jesus
reading scripture in its context means paying attention to the...
culture and time
Whose Gospel portrays Jesus as a "life-giving messiah"?
John
Whose Gospel portrays Jesus as a "suffering messiah"?
Mark
Whose Gospel portrays Jesus as "compassionate and merciful messiah"?
Luke
Whose Gospel portrays Jesus as the "teaching messiah"?
Matthew
John's Gospel is lacking which of the following?
a. an infancy narrative
b. the multiplication of loaves and fish
c. a passion narrative
d. a definite audience for whom the Gospel is directed.
a. an infancy narrative
The miracle of turning the water into wine at the wedding in Cana is which kind of miracle?
nature
John's Gospel has Jesus making "I AM" statements suggesting his messiahship, or Godliness. Name some "I AM" statements.
"I am the bread of life." "I am the Good Shepherd." "I am the light of the world." "I am the way, the truth and the life."
After being under house arrest in Rome, what happened to St. Paul?
He was beheaded.
What is "The Sermon on the Mount?"
A long speech containing many lessons that Jesus delivered on a hilltop, featured in Matthew's Gospel.
The early "church" of the apostles kept all their goods in common. True or False?
True
Galilee means...
circle of Gentiles
What was used for God's name, which was too holy to be spoken?
LORD or Adonai in the Hebrew
Who made up 90% of the population at the time of Jesus?
the poor
annunciation
1. An announcement; a proclamation. 2. In Christian thought, the announcement by the angel Gabriel to Mary that she would give birth to the son of God.
epistles are
letters written to the new Christian communities
Pentecost
50 days after Easter, the Holy Spirit is given to the disciples and the disciples empowered by the Holy Spirit begin to preach the good news of Jesus. Celebrated as "Birthday of the Church" (the day the Church was born).
Beatitudes
Blessings given by Jesus during the Sermon on the mount.
blasphemy
Insulting God . An offense against God. An offense against the work of God