5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Indo European
- a Creators of the Mesopotamian civilization. By 3000 B.c. they had established several independent cities in southern Mesopotamia including Eridu, Ur, Uruk, Umma, and Lagash.
- b "Wedge-shaped" writing made with a reed stylus on clay tablets, dating to around 3000 B.C. Initially used by Sumerians then by others later, writing was mostly for recordkeeping then literature.
- c A subset of Homo Sapiens, appeared in 100,000 B.C.. Remains have been found in Europe and the Middle East. Used a variety of stone tools and were the first early humans to bury their dead.
- d The first hominids. They lived in East and South Africa 3-4 million years ago and made the first simple stone tools.
- e A people who used a language derived from a single parent tongue, but their origin is not known - possibly in modern Iran or Afghanistan. Around 2000 B.C., they began migrating into Europe. They moved to Asia Minor and Anatolia (modern Turkey) and merged with the native peoples to for the first Hittite Kingdom, known as Old Kingdom (1700-1400 B.C.).
5 Multiple choice questions
- "Wise, wise human being." Appeared in Africa between 200,000 and 150,000 years ago and spread out about 100,000 years ago. By 10,000 B.C. had replaced the Neanderthals and are all around the world.
- A mixture of local people and Indo European immigrants, founders of the Hittite Empire, first Indo Europeans to use iron. Assimilated other cultures and religions into its empire, transformed the culture of Mesopotamia, and passed it on to Mycenaean Greeks. Empire was destroyed by the Sea People.
- 1550-1070 B.C. Ahmose I defeated the Hyksos and established the New Kingdom as a militaristic, imperialist country.
- 2186 - 2125 B.C. An age of prosperity and splendor when the largest pyramids were built and Memphis was the capital. The kings were considered divine and distant from the people.
- Wife of Thutmosis II, she ruled as Pharaoh after his death.
5 True/False questions
Book of the Dead → The book of instructions for the preservation of the body and judgement of the dead by Osiris for Egyptians.
Bronze Age → 3000 - 1200 B.C. About 4000 B.C. craftspeople discovered that if you combined copper and tin you made bronze, which was more durable than previous copper tools, leading to the bronze age.
Megalith → "Large stone" like the ones used in Stonehenge, constructed 2100 - 1900 B.C.
Ma'at → A spiritual precept that conveyed the idea of truth and justice, especially right order and harmony.
Nile River → Running through Egypt, the Nile provided transportation, it's annual flooding provided fertile soil and food, and it became the center of Egyptian civilization.