5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Indo European
- a The provinces of Egypt, ruled by a Nomarch.
- b "Wedge-shaped" writing made with a reed stylus on clay tablets, dating to around 3000 B.C. Initially used by Sumerians then by others later, writing was mostly for recordkeeping then literature.
- c A people who used a language derived from a single parent tongue, but their origin is not known - possibly in modern Iran or Afghanistan. Around 2000 B.C., they began migrating into Europe. They moved to Asia Minor and Anatolia (modern Turkey) and merged with the native peoples to for the first Hittite Kingdom, known as Old Kingdom (1700-1400 B.C.).
- d The area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers where early cities flourished.
- e A mixture of local people and Indo European immigrants, founders of the Hittite Empire, first Indo Europeans to use iron. Assimilated other cultures and religions into its empire, transformed the culture of Mesopotamia, and passed it on to Mycenaean Greeks. Empire was destroyed by the Sea People.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Hammurabi was the 6th king of the Amorite dynasty.
- 1550-1070 B.C. Ahmose I defeated the Hyksos and established the New Kingdom as a militaristic, imperialist country.
- A spiritual precept that conveyed the idea of truth and justice, especially right order and harmony.
- First built during the Old Kingdom, the pyramids were tombs for royals and the wealthy. The largest was built in Giza for Khufu around 2600 B.C.
- Third stage of human development, appeared 250,000 years ago.
5 True/False questions
Homo Sapiens Sapiens → "Wise, wise human being." Appeared in Africa between 200,000 and 150,000 years ago and spread out about 100,000 years ago. By 10,000 B.C. had replaced the Neanderthals and are all around the world.
Invention of the wheel → 3000 B.C.
Epic of Gilgamesh → The most famous piece of Mesopotamian literature. Sumerian in origin but written in Akkadian, it is the story of the Uruk King Gilgamesh and Enkidu, their adventures, and the search for everlasting life.
Hieroglyphics → "Priest-carvings" Used by the Egyptians instead of an alphabet, the pictorial writing had several simple scripts as well used for writing on wooden tablets and papyrus.
Sargon → A Semitic speaking people who invaded Egypt and brought the Middle Kingdom to an end in the 17th century B.C. They introduced Bronze Age technology for new tools and weapons, heavier swords, the compound bow, and the horse-drawn war chariot. Eventually, the Egyptians used the war technology to get rid of the Hyksos.