5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Indo European
- a A people who used a language derived from a single parent tongue, but their origin is not known - possibly in modern Iran or Afghanistan. Around 2000 B.C., they began migrating into Europe. They moved to Asia Minor and Anatolia (modern Turkey) and merged with the native peoples to for the first Hittite Kingdom, known as Old Kingdom (1700-1400 B.C.).
- b First built during the Old Kingdom, the pyramids were tombs for royals and the wealthy. The largest was built in Giza for Khufu around 2600 B.C.
- c Leader of the Akkadians, a semitic people north of Sumeria, who overran the Sumerian city states in 2340 B.C. and established his own empire. Brought prosperity but his successors couldn't keep it going and the Sumerian City states re-established themselves for a final time before being conquered by Hammurabi.
- d The provinces of Egypt, ruled by a Nomarch.
- e "Large stone" like the ones used in Stonehenge, constructed 2100 - 1900 B.C.
5 Multiple choice questions
- 3000 - 1200 B.C. About 4000 B.C. craftspeople discovered that if you combined copper and tin you made bronze, which was more durable than previous copper tools, leading to the bronze age.
- The book of instructions for the preservation of the body and judgement of the dead by Osiris for Egyptians.
- "Wedge-shaped" writing made with a reed stylus on clay tablets, dating to around 3000 B.C. Initially used by Sumerians then by others later, writing was mostly for recordkeeping then literature.
- 1792 - 1750 B.C. Created a strict code of 282 laws governing crime, commerce, land, marriage based on "an eye for an eye" and financial restitution.
- "Upright human being." Emerged 1.5 million years ago, used more varied tools and was the first hominid to leave Africa and move to Europe and Asia.
5 True/False questions
Amorites → Hammurabi was the 6th king of the Amorite dynasty.
Hatshepsut → A mixture of local people and Indo European immigrants, founders of the Hittite Empire, first Indo Europeans to use iron. Assimilated other cultures and religions into its empire, transformed the culture of Mesopotamia, and passed it on to Mycenaean Greeks. Empire was destroyed by the Sea People.
Amenhotep III → Changed his name to Akhenaten and prohibited any worship except to the got Aten, causing religious strife. He changed the capital, ignored foreign affairs and lost Syria and Palestine.
Neanderthals → A subset of Homo Sapiens, appeared in 100,000 B.C.. Remains have been found in Europe and the Middle East. Used a variety of stone tools and were the first early humans to bury their dead.
Paleolithic → "Old Stone." 2,500,000 - 10,000 B.C. People were hunter-gatherers, nomadic, lived in small groups of 20-30, and made tools, weapons and shelters which became increasingly sophisticated. The cave paintings date from this era.