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1.5 - Chapter Check: Psychology's Roots, Big Ideas, and Critical Thinking Tools
Terms in this set (25)
A correlation of +0.70 between children's physical height and their popularity among their peers indicates that
higher levels of popularity among peers are associated with greater physical height in children.
A study of the relationship between reasoning ability and brain functions would be of most direct interest to
Checking on the credibility of the sources of information you use in a class report is most indicative of
Dr. Stevens provides psychotherapy to people who suffer from excessive anxiety. Dr. Stevens is most likely a ________ psychologist.
Every twenty-fifth person who subscribed to a weekly news magazine was contacted by market researchers to complete a survey of opinions regarding the magazine's contents. The researchers were applying the technique known as
Focusing on the extent to which personality is influenced by motives outside our own awareness is most relevant to the ________ perspective.
Hindsight bias leads people to perceive psychological research outcomes as
If someone were to flip a coin six times, which of the following sequences of heads (H) and tails (T) would be most likely?
Answer - All of these sequences would be equally likely.
In an experimental study of the effects of dieting on weight loss, dieting would be the
In a study of factors that might affect memory, research participants were assigned to drink either an alcoholic or a nonalcoholic beverage prior to completing a memory test. Those who drank the nonalcoholic beverage were assigned to the ________ group.
In a well-controlled experiment, researchers seek to minimize
Jamie and Lynn were sure that they had answered most of the multiple-choice questions correctly because "the questions required only common sense." However, they each scored less than 60% on the exam. This best illustrates
Professor Helms conducts basic research on improvements in infants' perceptual skills during the first year of life. Professor Helms is most likely a ________ psychologist.
Professor Reed attempts to assess the relative contributions of heredity and home environment to the onset of depression in children. Her research best illustrates the concerns of the ________ perspective.
Psychological theories help to
Answer - do all of these things.
explain observed facts
organize scientific observations
Researchers control factors that might influence a dependent variable by means of
SQ3R is an acronym for an effective
The historically significant perspective that emphasized the human potential for healthy growth was known as
The marriage rituals of different ethnic groups are of most relevance to the ________ perspective.
The suggestion that psychology is less a set of facts than a method of evaluating ideas best highlights the ________ character of psychology.
The use of scientific methods to explore people's satisfaction with the past, happiness with the present, and optimism about the future is most clearly characteristic of
To test the potential effect of hunger on taste sensitivity, groups of research participants are deprived of food for differing lengths of time before they engage in a taste-sensitivity test. This research is an example of
Which of the following processes typically takes place shortly after people complete their participation in a research study?
Which perspective is most relevant to understanding the links between hormone levels and sexual motivation?
Which research method runs the greatest risk of collecting evidence that may not be representative of what is generally true?
the case study
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