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Respiratory Diseases in horses
Terms in this set (24)
How are respiratory disease spread?
droplets or surface areas (halters)
What are common respiratory disease symptoms?
fever, lethargy, anorexia, nasal or ocular discharge
Three main types of respiratory diseases?
influenza, equine herpes virus, strangles
Which two respiratory disease are basically the same?
influenza & equine herpes virus
When do respiratory diseases flare up?
stressed or young horses
Symptoms of both influenza & equine herpes virus
clear nasal discharges
Are influenza & equine herpes virus contagious?
yes, transmitted between horses
What is the treatment for influenza & equine herpes virus?
rest and hydration
HHOw do we prevent influenza & equine herpes respiratory virus?
risk base vaccine
How long is influenza vaccine good for?
6 months (biannually)
How do we prevent equine herpes respirator virus?
risk base vaccine
What is the neurological form of equine herpes virus?
equine herpes virus Myeloencephalopathy (EHM)
What is different about the equine herpes virus vaccine?
covers respiratory but not EHM (neurological)
What is key with prevention of influenza & equine herpes virus?
keep traveling & young horses away from rest of herd
What horses NEED to be vaccinated with equine herpes?
What is unique about equine herpes virus? What does this hurt?
there are 9 types & each has multiple strains & there is a neurological form
- one form causes late term abortion
What is strangles caused by?
Steptococcus equi bacteria
What does strangles do?
bacteria sets up in the lymph nodes & causes abscesses
What are symptoms of strangles?
white nasal discharge, lysis around ln, large lymph nodes
How is strangles transmitted?
horse to horse (contagious)
- can hold this infection in guttural pouch (sinus) that will come out when stressed
How do we treat strangles?
very hard to remove
simple: quarantine & antibiotics (bacteria caused)
complex: ICU or tracheostomy
How do we prevent strangles?
- only do when there was previous outbreak
Which ones have VXS?
influenza - risk vx & biannual
equine herpes - risk & only covers respiratory NOT neurological
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