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American Politics Midterm Study Guide
Terms in this set (70)
Which groups tend to vote for Democrats more often than for Republicans?
women, African Americans
For James Madison, the notion that government is necessary depended mainly on
his belief that people are self-interested and would, without government, descend into anarchy.
The federal government
affects the everyday lives of Americans in many different ways.
Which one of the following is part of the modern economic values of the United States?
avoid discussing politics in order to maintain social harmony.
T/F? A stealth democracy would exist if the government was run like a business.
T/F Politics and Gov't are interchangable
A stealth democracy entails
the attempt to run government like a business.
T/F Politicians who compromise typically abandon their fundamental values and principles.
T/F The free rider problem occurs because people can share in the benefits of a public good whether or not they helped provide it.
Who wrote the Federalist Papers?
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay
What was created in order to protect minorities from majority tyranny?
separation of powers among three branches of government
What concept reflects the need to balance the principle of self-government against the rights of specific groups?
providing for majority rule while protecting minority rights
Who argued that in order to preserve liberty, one branch of government should be able to check the excesses of the other branches?
Baron de Montesquieu
T/F Many potential delegates to the Philadelphia Convention who opposed a stronger national government chose not to attend.
T/F Gun control is a current example where the Constitution has promoted a consensus issue in American politics.
T/F Shay's Rebellion highlighted the reality that Congress had too much power under the Articles of Confederation.
James Madison's size principle was based on the premise that
the new nation of 13 states would be large and diverse so that majority interests would be unlikely to organize and dominate public policy making.
Who wanted to debate adding a Bill of Rights to the Constitution during the Constitutional Convention?
George MAson and Elbridge Gerry
The Supreme Court strikes down a law that was passed with widespread support in one state. The leaders of that state, who vehemently oppose this decision, would look upon what document as supporting their position?
Brutus No. 1
T/F Federalism provides a check on national tyranny.
T/F There are no confederal governments in the world today.
T/F The doctrine of states' rights was used as a rationale for upholding slavery
T/F The significant variation in resources at the state level is an argument in favor of limiting how much power is given to the states
An example of a concurrent power is ________.
Which amendment stipulates that "the powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people"?
John Marshall and Roger Taney
Did not have similar views toward Federalism
New Federalism evolved in part due to
the Republican takeover of Congress following the 1994 midterm elections.
T/F An example of the U.S. Constitution's full faith and credit clause is that a person with a driver's license from the state of Indiana does not need to get a separate Michigan driver's license to drive a car through the state of Michigan.
What best defines the situation of local governments in the American federal system?
They are created by state governments
The Pentagon Papers case balanced what two considerations?
freedom of the press and national security
T/F The justices of the Supreme Court have recently extended First Amendment rights to corporations and labor unions in federal elections.
T/F The series of school shootings in the last few years has led to more stringent federal gun control legislation.
T/F The Alien and Sedition Acts were passed in the 18th century
T/F Speech that is offensive or abusive, particularly in terms of race, gender, or sexual orientation, is called hate speech.
T/F Burning the American flag is an example of symbolic speech
T/F The process of selective incorporation was used widely by the Supreme Court justices in both the 1930s and 1960s.
Evidence that the Supreme Court justices are attentive to public opinion is demonstrated by their decisions that
The broad right to pursue abortion services, subject to specific state limitations, was guaranteed in ________.
Roe v Wade
T/F The Supreme Court justices have ruled that the government can make laws about commercial speech when the speech is misleading
What is accurate with regard to immigration policy?
Immigration policy has been controversial in recent decades.
BEFORE the 1950s, what was the principal tactic used by members of the civil rights movement to advance their agenda?
The Supreme Court justices determined that slaves were property and therefore had no legal rights in ________.
Dred Scott v. Sandford
T/F The United States government banned the Chinese from immigrating to the country in the late nineteenth century.
T/F Civil rights are monitored by the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.
T/F Native Americans obtained the right to vote before African American men and women did.
T/F The recent effort of the Supreme Court to impose "color-blind jurisprudence" has made it more difficult to demonstrate discrimination, putting a greater burden of proof on plaintiffs.
T/F The white primary effectively disenfranchised African American voters in the South.
T/F The Voting Rights Act of 1965 resulted in a significant increase in African American voting in the South.
T/F In the nineteenth century, women could vote in some elections but not federal elections
T/F In order to have an error rate of plus or minus 3 percent, national pollsters need to survey at least 10,000 voters.
T/F Focus groups generally yield a more accurate depiction of public opinion than large-scale surveys.
What is a latent opinion?
An opinion formed on the spot, when it is needed. Ex:
T/F Native white southerners tend to be less inclined to support Affirmative Action
T/F Liberal parents usually end up with conservative children.
T/F Most people have political opinions that are similar to those of their parents.
A female college student is asked to take a survey. One of the questions asks about her views on the new head of the Environmental Protection Agency. While the young woman had not really thought about this matter before, she was able to come up with an answer. This is an example of a ________.
T/F Some deeply-held beliefs, such as party identification or ideology, can change quickly in response to external events.
Most people in America describe themselves as ________.
T/F Most people's political opinions are latent and are only formed when needed.
If politicians talk to journalists on background,
It means they are speaking off record
T/F Candidates running for U.S. Senate tend to spend about one-third of their budget on advertising alone.
The trend toward single-company ownership of several kinds of media outlets is called ________.
Media effects explore what?
whether exposure to media coverage of politics changes what people think or do.
T/F The American media has always been regulated by the gov't to some extent.
T/F Leaking is not illegal in most circumstances
When journalists focus on the relative standing of candidates rather than their policy proposals, they are engaged in ________.
Horse race coverage
Horse race journalism emphasizes what?
the actual competition between and among politicians.
T/F Journalists tend to report on stories they think consumers want due to the reality that most media outlets are for-profit enterprises.
What did Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton have in common in the 2016 presidential campaign?
Supporters of both candidates used the major television networks as well as local television stations for their information.
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Chapter 8 study questions
Examine Points of View of Interest Groups Examine different points of view of interest groups such as the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) on important contemporary issues. Use the excerpt below from a secondary source to write a paragraph examining the point of view of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) on immigration reform. Consider the following questions: What is LULAC's point of view on immigration reform? What reasons does LULAC give for this viewpoint?
Identify Identify the party officers in each house and what their roles are.
How is civic virtue important to republicanism?
Identify Do you think it is a positive or negative development that the responsibilities of the Vice President have increased from the original responsibilities listed in the Constitution?