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Social Studies - Chapter 8: Filipino Resistance Against Spanish Rule
Terms in this set (49)
Why were Filipino uprisings unsuccessful?
Uprisings were unsuccessful due to inferior arms, lack of organization, and subservience of Filipinos to the Spaniards.
concerning farms, farmers, or the use of land
a revolt led by Tambloy, a babaylan (native priest), who induced the people to turn their backs to the Christian religion. Spanish authorities subdued him.
is the event that implicated three priests (Burgos, Gomez, and Zamora) which led to their execution. The trial was unconvincing and speedy.
freedom to teach Christianity
is the author of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. He expressed the grievances of the Fillipinos and the current state of the nation.
divide and rule
a military strategy of subduing a specific areas and then employing its inhabitants as military support once they have become friendly and tamed to fight an opponent
a person who vigorously supports their country and is prepared to defend it against enemies or detractors
The sacrament in which a man becomes a priest
an open rebellion against authority
soldiers stationed in a place to protect it (usually a fort or a town)
native wine of Ilocos
having to do with the church or the clergy
self-government, political control
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
are friars who belonged to the Spanish congregations (Augustinians, Dominicans, Franciscan, Jesuits, and the Recollects)
the historical decline in the importance of the supernatural and the sacred
The Battle of Mactan
it was the first attempt at resistance to Spanish subjugation. The fight was led by Datu Lapu-Lapu who, despite having inferior arms, subdued Magellan and his men. It was the very first embodiment of native Filipino's love for courage and freedom.
another name for Datu Lapu-Lapu
Revolt of Raha Sulayman and Raha Lakandula
a revolt that was staged in 1574 after the death of Legazpi in hopes of reclaiming their lands. Both leaders had been subdued by the Spanish due to their numbers and advanced weapons. After negotiations, their privilege was restorned and the revolt ended.
in 1585, some tribal leaders in Pampanga planned to attack Intramuros. These leaders were angered by Spanish occupation of their ancestral lands, but their plan did not succeed as their plot was revealed by a woman married to a Spanish soldier.
The Tondo Conspiracy
a revolt organized in 1587 by the Datus of Tondo and some towns in Bulacan and Pampaga. The revolt was led by Agustin de Legazpi, but it was cut short by the revelation of Antonio Surbao to the Spanish authorities who later captured the leaders.
Revolt of the Irayas
a revolt led by Gabriel Dayag and Felix Cutabay which aimed to combat the abuse of the Spanish. The uprising was brought to an end after negotiations of a Spanish priest.
Cagayan and Dingras Revolt
a revolt organized in 1589 by individuals who have been abused by encomenderos and the hated tribute. Two tax collectors from Vigan were killed in Dingras, but the inferior weapons were no match to the guns of the Spanish troops.
a revolt organized in 1596 by Magalat, the rebel leader from Cagayan. He was later arrested and forced to return to Cagayan, where he continued to call the people to rebel. He was later executed along with his fellow leaders.
The Igorot Revolt
a revolted that was organized as a response to Spanish Christianization. Igorots were strict adherents of their traditional religious beliefs and killed Father Esteban Marin when he tried to effect conversion on them. The leaders of this revolt were captured and killed.
a revolt led by Bangkaw, chieftain of the Carigara in the island of Leyte. He was initially converted along with his people to Christianity, but later changed heart and built a temple for a diwata. He called for his people to abandon Christian beliefs. He was subdued by Spanish and Visayan troops and beheaded.
a revolt in 1625 led by Miguel Lanab and Alababan. They beheaded the two Dominican missionaries, desecrated images, looted, and burned the church. They escaped to the mountains, but were captured by Governor de Silva's troops. They surrendered due to the destruction of their crops. The revolution lasted until 1627.
Revolt in Isabela
a revolt organized in 1639 by the people of Ilagan, Cabagan, and Tuguegarao in Isabela because they refused to pay the tribute. They also committed acts of violence against the friars and the Spanish officials. Spanish and Filipino troops came and executed the leaders.
an uprising in 1643 led by Pedro Ladia from Malolos. He proclaimed himself "King of Tagalogs" but he was captured and executed in Manila.
a revolt in 1649 led by Juan Ponce Sumuroy due to the unfair polo imposed by the Spanish. Despite having a directive from Manila not to station polistas so far away from their homes, many of them were sent to distant places. The people revolted, spreading the revolution to the Bicol area. Sumuroy was captured and killed in 1650 but his right-hand-man, Dula, continued the revolution until he himself was killed.
Pampanga Revolt (1600)
is a revolution led by Francisco Maniago in the mid-1600s. Because Pampanga was the best source of tribute and the vandala due to its wide, fertile rice fields, many the people were not paid and demanded justice. It was unsuccessful due to the "divide and rule" strategy used by the Spaniards. Maniago had to surrender.
a revolt led by Andres Malong in 1660 who declared himself the "King of Pangasinan." He incited people to rebel against the unjust policies and abuses of the Spanish. He was captured and executed.
is a revolt in 1661 led by Don Predo Almazan, a wealthy leader from San Nicolas, Laoag, Ilocos Norte. He also proclaimed himself "King of the Ilocos," but the revolt was unsuccessful and he was executed.
a revolt organized in 1663 by Tapar, a native of the island Paray who wanted to establish a religious cult in the town of Oton (in Iloilo). He attracted his followers by telling them stories about his conversations with a demon. He wsa captured by Spanish and Filipino troops and later executed. His body was later used to stand on stakes as a reminder.
began in 1744 and it is known as the longest revolt that ever occured in the Spanish colonial period. It began with Francisco Dagohoy who revolted against a parish priest who refused to give his brother a proper burial. The revolt lasted for 85 years and ended on 1827. Due to his large following, the Spanish pardoned his followers after his death.
Agrarian Unrest in Laguna, Batangas, Cavite, and Bulacan
an agrarian unrest that lasted from 1745 to 1746 due to tensions between farmers and friars who were extending their property into ancestral lands. Although the Spanish government intervened and removed the friars, the lands were transferred to the holdings of the Spanish, pushing the Filipinos from their ancestral lands.
a revolt led by Diego Silang in 1762 when the forces of the Spaniards were busy fighting the British who invaded Manila. Vigan was named the seat of independence in Ilocos but Silang was killed by his friend Miguel Vicos. Silang's wife took over the revolution until she was captured and executed.
she was the wife of Diego Silang. She took over the revolution in 1762 after he was killed, earning herself the title "Joan of Arc of Ilocos"
a revolt led by Pedro Ambaristo of Piddig, Ilocos Norte where manufacturing and sale of the native drink, Basi was banned. Ilocanos were prohibited from making their native wine, so they staged an uprising. It was quelled by Spanish and Filipino troops.
Revolt of Hermano Pule
a revolution led by Hermano Pule who was denied admission to a seminary because he was Filipino, so he began his own congregation where he gained many followers. It was later disbanded due to its deviation from Catholic rituals and prayers. He and his followers rose to arms but they were overpowered by Spanish troops.
Why was Mindanao never conquered?
The Muslims have continually orginized themselves and resisted Spanish occupation of their islands. The organized Sultanates were crucial to their success.
Six Stages of Muslim Resistance
(1) Legazpi invades Muslim kingdom of Raha Sulayman Manila (1571)
(2) Spaniards try to invade Sulu but ends with a peace treaty with its sultan (1578)
(3) Muslims take the offensive and attack a Spanish base in Visayas (1596)
(4) Sulu envoy and his men were intercepted on their way home and humiliated, so Muslims took arms once again (1627)
(5) Spanish take over Zamboanga and build a military base (1718)
(6) Spaniards invade Jolo and Sultanate relocates to Tawi-Tawi, they later declare a jihad and manage to negotiate a peace treaty (1876-1878)
Father Pedro Pelaez
The Spanish mestizo priest who first led the native secular clergy in the Secularization Movement in 1861.
Governor Carlos Maria de la Torre
he was the governor during the time of Fr. Jose Burgos. Liberal-minded and democratic administrator who was sympathetic to the causes of the Filipino priests. He abolished press censorship. allowed people to speak freely and address their grievances, and instituted reforms in government.
Liberal Young Students
a student organization led by the students of University of Santo Tomas
Governor Rafael Izquierdo
he was strict, anti-progressive, and conservative. he abolished all freedoms enjoyed by the people during Torre's regime and kept a close surveillance of the activities of secular priests who were very active in furthering the cause of the Filipino clergy.
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