Upgrade to remove ads
FRENCH 376 Test #2
Terms in this set (40)
8-page pamphlet criticizing the Cardinal Mazarin; aimed at the broad public to unite them against the aristocracy
1648-53. Brutal civil wars that struck France during the reign of Louis XIV. Caused political upheaval and economic devastation.
How did the Fronde develop?
1. Absolutist system of intendants and financiers
2. System implicates ministers
3. Alternative system bypasses "traditional" networks of officers
Two parts of Fronde
1. Parlementary: philosophical conflicts are clearer
2. Princely: final revolt of great feudal nobles against absolutist monarchy
Dislike idea of marriage, prefer no married people at all, create idealized place away from society for unmarried people who all have equal rights except for servants, love causes issues
Louis XIV's memoires
Prefers affectionate relationship with his subjects than one of fear. Symbolized the sun because of his brilliance within Versailles and precise timing of his day (ie: ate breakfast, lunch, and dinner at the same time every day). Constantly repaired the bad reputation left by his mother and Mazarin during the Fronde. Found justice the most difficult to reform.
An economic advisor to Louis XIV; he supported mercantilism and tried to make France economically self-sufficient. Brought prosperity to France.
Michel le Tellier
Secretary of war under Louis XIV, influenced him to revoke Edict of Nantes, developed standing army
Hughes de Lionne
Handled foreign affairs for Louis XIV
an economic policy based on high tariffs, mercantilism
Characteristics of royal authority
4. Subject to reason
Comédie-ballet by Molière, Monsieur Jourdain desires to be part of the aristocracy and makes exaggerated demands to his courtiers to seem high and mighty. Cléonte disguises himself as the Sultan of Turkey to provide a voice of reason and prove Jourdain's foolishness
A religious cult that viewed reality as a constant struggle between spirit (good) and matter (evil).
Latin phrase for deductive reasoning, which proceeds from general to specific.
Latin phrase for inductive reasoning, which proceeds from the specific to the general.
Persian religion founded by Zoroaster; taught that humans had the freedom to choose between right and wrong, and that goodness would triumph in the end
Movement within the seventeenth-century Catholic Church. It opposed the Jesuits and advocated that humans could only achieve salvation through divine grace, not through good works.
King's right to appropriate revenues of a bishopric or archbishopric when it was vacant; Louis XIV extended the role to all vacant positions
(1638-1715) Known as the Sun King, he was an absolute monarch that completely controlled France. One of his greatest accomplishments was the building of the palace at Versailles.
Anne of Austria
Served as regent of France when her son Louis XIV became king in 1643 at the age of four. She was often criticized as an outsider.
Chief minister and regent to Louis XIV; tried to continue Richelieu's centralizing policies, but his attempts to increase royal revenue led to the civil wars known as the Fronde; He could not control nobility as Richelieu had.
Louis de Bourbon/Condé
This man originally supported Louis XIV, but, when Mazarin no longer met his monetary demands, he assisted the Fronde. His imprisonment led to greater opposition to the monarchy. Eventually, after being released from prison, he fled to Spain.
Louis XIV's financial expert, arrested for fraud and embezzling
Mademoiselle de Montpensier
French noblewoman, famous for correspondence with Madame de Motteville regarding her dislike for marriage
A finance minister under Louis XIV that applied mercantilism to France to help increase revenue
King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
Marriage in the old regime
Men decided everything; the only time women had rights were if they became widowed
Prise de pouvoir
Louis found what Fouquet was doing and tricked him into throwing an extravagant party with stolen money and arrested him
Politics Drawn of Holy Scripture - He held fast to the Old Testament belief that rulers were divinely appointed by and answerable only to God.
(1760-1825) French socialist theorist, ideas influenced Marxism, believed men who are fitted to organize society for productive labour are entitled to rule it, L'Industrie and L'Organisateur
Critically examined the religious beliefs and persecutions of the past in his "Historical and Critical Dictionary"
Revocation of Edict of Nantes
Ordered by Louis XIV, it resulted in the destruction of Huguenot churches, tax harassment, quartering and Dragonade, and the closing of Protestant schools, and pushed the Huguenots out of France. Needed to reaffirm his Catholicism. Captured Luxembourg instead of fighting the Habsburgs. Went over poorly with public.
Four Gallican Articles
1. Pope has authority in "spiritual matters," not "temporal"
2. Ecumenical councils have authority over Pope
3. Rules and customs must be maintained
4. Pope has a principal role in questions of faith, must receive consent of Church
issued by Pope Clement XI in 1713 which extensively condemned Jansenist teaching
League of Augsburg
After France conquered Strasbourg, England, Spain, Sweden, the United Provinces, and the electorates of Bavaria, Saxony, and the Palatinate formed this to oppose France.
alliance of Spain and France against England, (1701-1713) The last of Louis XIV's wars involving the issue of succession to the Spanish throne.
French government agents who collected taxes and administered justice.
Includes lowering taille, limiting special taxes, regulating financiers, letting courts audit royal accounts. Derived from lack of confidence in the government
Madame de Motteville's mémoires
August 1648, Comminge sent to arrest President Broussel, Broussel refused to go, caused riots in streets by commoners.
French citizens are legally obliged to house any soldier if they so need it.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Absolute Monarchy in France
French Absolute Rule - Ashleigh Connor
Chapter 21 Section 2 History
AP euro Louis XIV
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Qasid Week 1
POL S 325 Winter 2016 Final
POL S 325 Midterm 1
AKPsi Quiz #5