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Mauryan Empire

the first empire in India, founded by Chandragupta Maurya


Chandragupta Maurya's grandson who brought the Mauryan Empire to its greatest heights


killed the unpopular Nanda king and started the Mauryan empire; defeated Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great's generals

Chandra Gupta I

first emperor of the Gupta empire; came to power by marrying a daughter of an influential royal family; "Great King of Kings"

Chandra Gupta II

third emperor of the Gupta empire; defeated the Shakas; strengthened the empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances

Samudra Gupta

second emperor of the Gupta empire; son of Chandra Gupta I; a lover of the arts, had a warlike side, expanded the empire through conquest


a sect of Buddhism that offers salvation to all and allows popular worship


a sect of Buddhism focusing on the strict spiritual discipline originally advocated by the Buddha


mounded stone structures built over Buddhist holy relics


one of India's greatest writers; a court poet for Chandra Gupta II; most famous play - Shakuntala

mandate of heaven

concept that dynasties rise and fall depending on how well they rule; if there is a bad ruler, he loses the mandate and someone else has the right to take over; the ability to rule comes from supernatural forces


China's most influential scholar

filial piety

a respect shown by children for their parents and elders


a philosophy based on the ideas of the Chinese think Laozi, who taught that people should be guided by a universal force call the Dao (Way)


a Chinese political philosophy based on the idea that a highly efficient and powerful government is the key to social order

shi huangdi

"First Emperor" of the Qin Dynasty

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