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killed the unpopular Nanda king and started the Mauryan empire; defeated Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great's generals
Chandra Gupta I
first emperor of the Gupta empire; came to power by marrying a daughter of an influential royal family; "Great King of Kings"
Chandra Gupta II
third emperor of the Gupta empire; defeated the Shakas; strengthened the empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances
second emperor of the Gupta empire; son of Chandra Gupta I; a lover of the arts, had a warlike side, expanded the empire through conquest
a sect of Buddhism focusing on the strict spiritual discipline originally advocated by the Buddha
one of India's greatest writers; a court poet for Chandra Gupta II; most famous play - Shakuntala
mandate of heaven
concept that dynasties rise and fall depending on how well they rule; if there is a bad ruler, he loses the mandate and someone else has the right to take over; the ability to rule comes from supernatural forces
a philosophy based on the ideas of the Chinese think Laozi, who taught that people should be guided by a universal force call the Dao (Way)
a Chinese political philosophy based on the idea that a highly efficient and powerful government is the key to social order
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