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SCI 1101: Module 3 Water- review questions, just 1
Terms in this set (47)
Which of these classifications of water would apply to aquifers such as the Ogallala Aquifer located in the U.S. Great Plains?
A wetland near you only contains standing water during the spring months, and dries out during summer. What type of wetland is it?
Which part of a pond would be located at its bottom and would have food webs based on decomposition instead of photosynthesis?
Water mining occurs when
water is withdrawn from an aquifer at a faster rate than it replenishes.
Which of these would be negatively affected by the construction of a dam?
Downstream wetland habitats
Which of these is not a water conservation strategy, but a way to increase water availability?
Question 3 options:
What form of human-generated pollution causes eutrophication of surface waters?
What form of wastewater treatment will use aeration and bacteria to remove most of the organic material before chlorine or UV light disinfects it?
Methods for desalinating sea water to produce fresh water include ________.
reverse osmosis and distillation
When discussing the use of artificial/constructed wetlands as an alternative to conventional wastewater treatment, the text profiles an artificial wetland in
The greatest threats to U.S. water quality in the future are likely to come from nonpoint sources of pollutants.
Most of Earth's water is located in
The human activity that uses the greatest quantity of water worldwide is
growing food and fiber in agriculture.
As noted in the text, a major source of groundwater pollution is
leakage from underground tanks containing gasoline or industrial chemicals
Human activities that introduce harmful and/or disease-causing organisms into waterways (such as runoff from manure-laden cattle feedlots) are most likely to lead to the greatest effects from what type of water pollution?
introduction of pathogenic organisms
In what year was the legislation that became known as the U.S. "Clean Water Act" first passed?
On Earth, water exists as a liquid and a solid, but not as a gas.
The boundary between the zones of aeration and saturation is called the
groundwater boundary zone
Which type of water would be the most dense?
cold, salty water
What is the name of the phenomenon in the Pacific Ocean that causes warm water to migrate eastward, increasing the likeliness of heavy precipitation in the western United States?
Question 2 options:
What kind of coastal ecosystem is shown by this picture?
The _____ zone is a layer of the ocean that is the most biologically productive due to the abundant sunlight and growth of phytoplankton.
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is an area with especially high concentration of _____ pollution.
Due to biomagnification, which ocean organism would you predict to have high levels of mercury poisoning and be unsafe for consumption?
Top consumers, like sharks
Which of these is a result of carbon dioxide being absorbed into the oceans from the atmosphere?
A decrease in ocean water pH
What form of commercial fishing is the most damaging to benthic ecosystems?
What extractive activities by humans are allowed within marine reserves?
No extractive activities are allowed.
Which portion of a river continuum is where turbidity in the water increases, reducing sunlight levels reaching sediments and decreasing the growth of rooted aquatic plants?
downstream river portions
If a waterbody contains and overabundance of macrophytes, the waterbody is likely suffering from what type of pollution?
Which of the following classes of organisms is NOT classified as a macroinvertebrate?
An organism that consumes only plants for food would best be characterized as a(n)
One of your readings states that, in shallow lakes, when aquatic plants are growing rapidly in the summer, phytoplankton levels
Stagnant water typically has ____ dissolved oxygen concentrations than rapidly-moving water.
Phytoplankton are typically found in upper water layers in oceans.
A major source(s) of dissolved oxygen in river waters is
Rank the terms below in order, from smallest to largest, according to the author of the USGS article on Rivers, creeks, and streams.
In a representation of a freshwater food web as an ecological pyramid, which of the levels below would be the widest?
Which of the following is TRUE of eutrophication in marine systems?
It can lead to algal blooms and red tides that kill fish.
A 2003 study reported that ________% of large-bodied fish and sharks were lost in the first decade of industrialized fishing.
In 2006, Congress ________ to address the issue of solid wastes in oceans.
passed the Marine Debris Research, Prevention and Reduction Act
Bottom trawling is most likely to harm ________.
All of the following are allowed in marine protected areas EXCEPT ________.
This figure shows the connection between ________.
the burning of fossil fuels and declining coral reef communities
All of the following are true of ocean currents EXCEPT ________.
they are always rapid and powerful
About 80% of the ocean's water is found in the ________.
Where would you find a kelp forest?
along a continental shelf
El Niño and La Niña events ________.
produce changes of opposite direction in temperature and precipitation patterns
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