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the repetition of the same sound or letter at the beginning of consecutive words or syllables
an emphatic statement; declaration. An assertion supported by evidence becomes an argument
a careful reading that is attentive to organization, figurative language, sentence structure, vocabulary, and other literary and structural element of a text
grammatical equivalence between parts of a sentence, often through a coordination conjunction such as and, or but
an independent clause followed by subordinate clauses or phrases that supply addition detail
a greek term referring to the character of a person; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals
explication of text
explanation of a text's meaning through an analysis of all of its constituent parts, including the literary devices used; also called close reading
the use of tropes or figures of speech; going beyond literal meaning to achieve literary effect
figure of speech
an expression that strives for literary effect rather than conveying a literal meaning
a Greek term that means "word"; an appeal to logic; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals
a figure of speech or trope through which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else, thus making an implicit comparison
a piece that imitates and exaggerates the prominent features of another; used for comic effect or ridicule
a greek term that refers to suffering but has come to be associated with broader appeals to emotion; one of Aristotle's three rhetorical appeals
premise; major, minor
two parts of a syllogism. the concluding sentence of a syllogism takes its predicate from the major premise and its subject from the minor premise. major premise: all mammals are worm-blooded. minor premise: all horses are mammals. conclusion: all horses are warm-blooded
an ironic, sarcastic, or witty composition that claims to argue for something, but actually argues against it
the arrangement of independent and dependent clauses into known sentence constructions--such as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex
a term used for the author, speaker, or the person whose perspective is being advanced in a speech or piece of writing
the distinctive quality of speech or writing created by the selection and arrangement of words and figures of speech
created by a subordinating conjunction, a clause that modifies an independent clause
a form of deductive reasoning in which the conclusion is supported by a major and minor premise
a sentence, most often appearing at the beginning of a paragraph, that announces the paragraph's idea and often unites it with the work's thesis
artful diction; the use of language in a way that is not literal; also called a figure of speech
lack of emphasis in a statement or point; restraint in language often used for ironic effect
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