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Delinquency Chapters 11 & 13
Terms in this set (19)
They are treated more harshly.
How do youth who are detained preadjudication compare to those who are not during later stages of the juvenile justice process?
· The probation officer plays a larger role in the juvenile justice system.
· Adults have the right to be considered for bail, but juveniles generally do not.
· There is limited public access to juvenile court proceedings, but not adult court proceedings.
· Juveniles are more likely to have an indeterminate disposition than adults are to have an indeterminate sentence.
· Juveniles do not have a constitutional right to a trial by jury.
What are the differences between the juvenile and adult justice systems?
To prevent a juvenile from being formally labeled as a delinquent
What is the purpose of diversion?
Delinquent youth who have been abused/neglected
What are crossover youth?
It gives the discretion to the judge the juvenile court to transfer a juvenile to the adult criminal court.
· Most common waiver to adult court
What is a judicial waiver to adult court?
It gives the prosecuting attorney the discretion to file in either juvenile or adult court.
What is prosecutorial waiver to adult court?
It is used when jurisdictions have a list of offenses for which a juvenile is automatically moved to the adult system
What is an automatic waiver to adult court?
Youths under the age of 18 who commit acts of murder should not be sentenced to a mandatory life sentence without the chance of parole.
What was the Supreme Court ruling in the cases of Miller v. Alabama (2012) and Jackson v. Hobbs (2012)?
· Juveniles have not fully developed the ability to reason at the level of adults.
· Juveniles are still learning how to not be influenced by peer pressure.
· Juveniles have not fully developed the ability to control their impulses.
What argument does Zimring make against the moral desert policy and juveniles?
It increased the due process rights of juveniles?
What impact did the Warren Court have on juveniles?
As increasing in harder sanctions for those labeled delinquents
How was the juvenile justice system characterized for most of the 1970s through the 1990s?
The process of going before the court to determine whether the youth committed a crime
· A decrease in the number of status offenders in detention facilities
· No longer having juveniles locked up with adults
· A reduction of disproportionate minority confinement
What are the core requirements for the juvenile justice system mandated by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDP Act) of 1974?
The determination of what punishment a juvenile will receive for his/her alleged acts of delinquency.
· occurs after adjudication
What is the disposition?
Youth who have been adjudicated by both the juvenile justice and dependency courts
What are dually adjudicated youth?
They are less likely to reoffend than other juveniles.
What effect does the requirement of restitution early in the juvenile court process tend to have on juveniles?
Both legal factors (such as severity of the offense) and extralegal factors (such as family history, attitude, and school)
What factors are taken into consideration during the juvenile justice process?
The juvenile justice system focuses more on rehabilitation.
What is a main difference between the goal of the adult and juvenile justice systems?
It has a higher likelihood of recidivism.
· The largest group of juveniles are housed in these facilities.
What relationship does placement in secure, long-term detention facilities have with recidivism?
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Introduction to Criminal Justice: Chapter 3
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