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American Government Final Exam

The Study of relationships in the personal, professional, or political aspect of society
Political Science
Provide Freedom, Maintain Order, and Promote Equality
3 purposes of government
2 Reasons why people obey laws
Avoid consequences, morally wrong to disobey
Provide Freedom, Maintain Order, and Promote Equality
Social Contract
Tell one Freedom guaranteed in the 1st Amendment to the Constitution and Explain the limitations on it.
Freedom of religion. Can not endanger anyone and can not be enfringed upon others.
What type of government has a ruler with absolute control over the social, political, and economic decisions in a society?
Totalitarian Regime
Determined by the Supreme Court that the National Government could establish a National Bank
McCullough vs. Maryland
Rule by the People
The difference between direct democracy and representative democracy
Direct Democracy is ruled by the people directly. Representative democracy is hwen the people elect representatives to make and enforce the laws.
According to American Federalism, what are the 3 levels of our goverment?
National, State, and Local
Which of the Following is NOT important for a Representative Democracy? A. Universal Suffrage B. Majority Rule C. Joint Session of Congress D. Limited Goverment
C. Joint Session of Congress
What is the difference between ideology and political party?
Ideology is the beliefs of each individual as far as the power and choices made by the goverment (whether agree or disagree). Political Party is the group that you recognize with (Ex: Conservative, Liberal)
Written in 1215 and seen to be a model of the US Constitution because it provided basic civil liberties to people under the rule of a king.
Magna Carta
The first constitution on the continent of North America had a representative goverment and was created by a Native American tribe known as the
Compact written in 1620 and was created to set up a structure of goverment of goverment prior to Pilgrims settling in Massachusetts
War that is sometimes called the seed of discontent for future colonial revolution because the colonists had fought the war and were then required to pay high taxes to pay for it.
French and Indian
Line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains which forbade the colonists from crossing into Indian Territory and reduced further conflict.
Proclamation of 1763
Why would the Athenian Model of Direct Democracy not work in the United States?
Our nation is too large.
Battles at Lexington and ______________ were the first open conflicts between the colonists and the British
The _______ Continental Congress called for the creation of the Declaration of Independence
The five people that drafted the Declaration of Independence
Jefferson, Adams, Sherman, Franklin, Livingston
The first written constitution of the United States and called for a weak central goverment and strong state governments
The articles of Confederation
Made it obvious that a national army was necessary to protect the citizens from armed revolt and that a new Constitution was needed.
Shay's Rebellion
What is the name of the introducation to the Constitution which states the six goals?
The Preamble
Called for a bicameral legislature which has a lower house where the Representation is based on population
The Virginia Plan
Called for "one state, one vote" meaning that all states has the same power, no matter the size
The New Jersey Plan
The 3/5 Compromise was important to the South because it allowed for representation in Congress based on what group of the population?
Considered the "father of the Constitution" because he took many diligent notes at the Constitutional Convention and many of the ideas are from his notes.
James Madison
How many articles are in the Constitution?
What are the three branches of Goverment?
Judicial, Executive, and Legislative
What is the type of 3 leveled goverment we have in the United States?
What is the term for the final approval of the Constitution?
The federalist papers were written to (support or oppose) ratification of the Constitution?
What did the 15th Amendment to the Constitution do for African Americans?
Gave the right to vote.
The first ten amendments to the constitution
The Bill of Rights
In order for a bill to become a law, who must sign it?
The President
Which Amendment abolished slavery?
The 13th
Which type of Goverment has a very strong central/national government?
Which type of Government has stong states but a weak central government?
____________________ Powers are those expressly granted to the national government in the Constitution and are actually written, or listed, in the Constitution?
What is the process by which people learn political attitudes and form their own opinions about issues?
Political Socialization
Concurrent Powers are those powers that are shared by both the _________________ and _______________ governments, like taxation.
National and State
Which Amendment States " The Powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people"?
Amendment X
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments are called the ___________ War Amendments.
The five freedoms guaranteed in Amendment I are: freedom of _________, freedom of _____________, freedom of ______________, freedom to petition, and freedom of assembly.
Speech, Religion, and Press
What are the two main political parties in the United States?
Republican and Democratic
Which of the following is NOT a direct democracy? A. Athenian Democracy B. New England Town Meeting C. US Congress
C. US Congress
Who heads the Judicial Branch?
The Supreme Court
What are the two parts of the Legislative Branch?
House of Representatives and the Senate.
When we speak of civil liberties in the United States, we are typically referring to
those personal freedoms that are protected for all individuals.
The Bill of Rights is
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The First Amendment provides freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of assembly, freedom of petition and
Freedom of religion
What age must a person be to be elected to the House of Representatives
What age must a person be to be elected to the Senate?
Slander is
a false statement that harms the good reputation of another.
Libel is
defamation in writing.
Gag orders have been used to
restrict the publication of news about a trial in progress.
Limits on conduct of police and prosecutors include all of the following except
no questioning of individuals until they are arrested
A defendant's pretrial rights include all of the following except
the right to provide bail
An individual's trial rights include all of the following except
the right to not be subject to lengthy questioning
The Miranda rule
requires that suspects be read their rights before questioning.
The Supreme Court's decision in __________ in 1857 held that slaves were not citizens of the United States and thus not entitled to the rights and privileges of citizenship, a ruling that contributed to the inevitability of the Civil War.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Which of the following were called the Civil War Amendments
Amendments 13, 14, and 15
The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution
abolished slavery.
actions the government must take to provide equal protection and freedom from discrimination for all citizens
Civil rights
In 1896, the United States Supreme Court ruled in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson that
separation of races is not a violation of the Constitution
Which of the following was not consider to be a barrier to African-Americans voting in elections? a. poll taxes. b.. blood tests. c. literacy tests d. white primaries
blood tests
In the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), the U.S. Supreme court held that
public school segregation of races violates the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
The civil rights movement led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was based on the philosophy of
nonviolent civil disobedience
Martin Luther King's philosophy of nonviolent civil disobedience was influenced greatly by
Henry David Thoreau and Mahatma Gandhi
The owner and proprietor of Bubba's Rib Cage, an eatery located at the confluence of three different interstate highways, despises minorities and wants to refuse to allow them to eat at his restaurant. His actions violate the
Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Which Amendment gave women the right to vote?
Amendment 19
refers to laws that have been enacted to establish barriers to women's advancement to top positions
The glass ceiling
The policy in admissions or hiring that gives special consideration to traditionally disadvantaged groups to overcome the present effects of past discrimination is known as
affirmative action
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 prohibits
age discrimination against people without a valid occupational reason
Which type of interpretation of the Constitution by federal judges sticks to the wording of the Constitution?
Strict constructionist
The people that a legislator spends considerable time and effort serving are called
The principal and most obvious function of any legislature is
A representative who is performing the role of a trustee is
acting on conscience or representing the broad interests of the entire society
A representative who is performing the role of an instructed delegate is
primarily representing the wishes of his or her constituents.
The Constitution set up the Legislative Branch to be a
bicameral legislature
The largest occupational group among members of Congress is
the allocation of seats in the House to each state after each census.
the drawing of legislative district boundary lines for the purpose of obtaining partisan advantage
Members of Congress are granted generous franking privileges that
permit them to mail letters to their constituents without charge
The "speech or debate" clause in Article I, Section 6, of the Constitution means that a member of Congress
is normally immune from libel or slander charges if the speech is connected with official duties
The foremost power holder in the House of Representatives is the
Speaker of the House.
The president of the Senate is
the vice president of the United States.
Most people who study the decision-making process in Congress agree that the single best predictor for how a member will vote is his or her
party affiliation.
The job of a conference committee is
to reconcile House and Senate versions of a bill.
The Constitution states that the required minimum age for the presidency is
thirty-five years.
How many terms can the President serve?
As chief executive, the president is constitutionally bound to
enforce laws, treaties, and court orders.
Which of the following is not considered part of the Federal Bureaucracy?
House Ways and Means Committee
an organizational structure designed to save taxpayer dollars.
A public bureacracy
The American court system is based on
English Common Law
A court ruling that affects future court cases of similar issue is
a precedent
Which of the following is not one type of Federal Court? a. District Court b. circuit court c. supreme court d. traffic court
traffic court
Ideology plays no part in judicial appointments