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Developmental Psych Exam 2
Terms in this set (27)
Joey, age 8, lives in a very stressful, chaotic home where he sometimes witnesses his mother being physically abused. Joey's problems may be overcome by:
being actively involved in his church
Unrealistically high or low self-esteem correlates with:
The family-stress model, as applied to economic conditions, illustrates that:
the parents' reaction to poverty is the crucial factor in family stress
The hippocampus is a structure in the brain that processes:
A drive or reason to pursue a goal that comes from inside a person is called:
The Piagetian term for a particular type of centration in which the child thinks about the world only from his personal perspective is:
Girls who bully typically:
mock and ridicule their victim
Sara, Molly, and Shy are playing dress-up. They are all princesses and have built a castle out of cardboard boxes and colored paper. What type of play are the three girls engaging in?
The IQ test designed specifically for preschoolers is the:
The 2-year-old human brain weights ___ percent of the adult brain.
The focus on one aspect of a situation and simultaneously exclude all others is called:
To find a good preschool, a parent should look for:
teachers responsive to children's needs; low teacher-child ratios
Girls are better at regulating their externalizing emotions than are boys.
Robert Sternberg suggested three types of intelligence: creative, practical, and:
Freud's term for our self-critical conscience that internalizes parental morals is:
Which of the following children is most likely to have a healthy sense of self-esteem?
Chang, who appreciates himself and other children equally
In the United States, which of the following ethnic groups is most likely to accept and support single parents?
Ryan suffered a brain injury as a result of an automobile accident. His abilities to speak and to process language were severely affected. His injury was to the:
left side of the brain
The belief that our society's obsession with cleanliness and sterile environments may actually increase the risk of asthma is referred to as:
the hygiene hypothesis.
Which of the following attributes is typical of school-aged children?
They engage in social comparison
Erikson's stage that occurs between 3 and 6 years of age is called:
initiative versus guilt.
One of the worst effects of the media on children is:
the interference with family life, language development, and emotional regulation.
According to Erikson's theory, children in middle childhood tend to judge themselves as either:
industrious or inferior
Sara, age 3, sees a little boy fall and hurt himself, and she gets a look of concern on her face. She is probably experiencing:
School-age children move toward more flexible logic as a result of decreasing:
Secondary prevention involves:
responding to the first warning signs of a problem.
Resilience to stress is a stable or static trait describing a child's responses under adverse situations.
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module week 1
Study Ch. 21
Do you think that Kenge could adjust to life in your city or town? Explain the difficulties he might encounter.
Which of the following is an example of unconditional positive regard? a. Mr. and Mrs. Prohaska, who have been married for 37 years, credit the success of their marriage to the fact that each has been able to accept the faults of the other without criticism. b. Seven-year-old Michaela gets her allowance each week whether she does her chores or not. c. Ms. Lopez, a second grade teacher, puts a smiley face sticker on her students’ papers when they have done a good job. d. John got a promotion and a raise at work after filling in for a sick manager one day and doing a better job than the manager had done previously. e. Chen’s parents usually praise him when he does well and ignore him when he engages in minor misbehavior.
Explain the two types of people identified by Friedman and Rosenman in their study on stress responses and personality traits.
Which of the following can be characterized as a compulsion? a. Worry about exposure to germs or toxins. b. Fear that something terrible is about to happen. c. Concern with making sure things are in symmetrical order. d. Anxiety when objects are not lined up in an exact pattern. e. Checking repeatedly to see if doors are locked.