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Anthropology Quiz questions for Exam 1
Terms in this set (49)
Why is uniformitarianism relevant to the theory of evolution?
It allowed scholars like Darwin to understand change in the geological past by observing what we see in the present day
What two reasons explain why Lawlor considers the work of Ibn Al Haitham relevant to the development of Darwin's theory of evolution?
1. He is known as the father of the scientific method
2. His Skeptical view of previous writings influenced the world view of the Renaissance
What was Thomas Malthus's contribution to Darwins theory of evolution/ natural selection?
He observed that population growth is limited by food supply
Darwinian evolution proposes that...?
Populations adapt and change gradually over generations based on environmental pressures
Which idea did Charles Lyell get from James Hutton?
According to the textbook which THREE childhood experiences prepared Darwin for his scientific Achievements?
1. An early love for the natural world
2. An early love of collecting while traveling
3. Exposure to intellectual ideas about evolution from his grandfather
According to Darwin, natural selection operates at the level of...?
In which TWO ways did Lamarck contribute to the theory of evolution?
1. he proposed that life took on its current form through natural processes, not through miraculous interventions
2. he proposed the first serious model of how traits are inherited, through his idea of how that happens turned out to be wrong
The English scientist who independently co-discovered the theory of natural selection was...?
Alfred Russel Wallace
Match the person to their contribution to our current understanding of evolution:
( Dubios, Le Clerc (also known as Buffon), Vesalius, Steno)
1.Law of superposition
2. Found what is called homo Erectus
3. Life and the earth had a history not written in the bible
4. Launched a new tradition in anatomy in Europe, in which anatomists trusted only their own observations rather than replying on ancient romans.
3. Le Clerc
Mendel's plant experiments demonstrated that:
traits are passed on from parent to offspring as discrete units
The scientist who coined the name Homo Sapiens for humans beings and placed them in a higher taxonomic group( primates) was...?
According to the videos, which three experiences shaped the scientific careers of both Darwin and Wallace?
1.Long sea journeys in the pacific ocean
2. Collecting many specimens of organisms that turned out to be new to science
3. An early interest in collecting beetles
The scientist whose work provided the foundation for later understandings of genetics was...?
(True or false ) Peter and Rosemary grant observed that during the first drought, ground finches with small beaks grew bigger ones.
Why are Darwins finches considered good examples of natural selection?
They embody the idea of descent with modification
According to the ted talk humans are not just primates. We could also call ourselves what?
According to lawlor's lecures, Professor lawlor is a...?
According to Lawlor's lectures name TWO statements that are true applying to Darwins theory of evolution.
1. She who dies with the most grandchildren wins
2.It does not matter if your the fastest antelope, as long as your faster than your cousin
Fill in the blank: The peppered moth is a power example of natural selection. Due to industrial soot on tress, some were more likely_____, and the survivors were those that______
1. To be eaten by birds
2. were born a different color
Biological Anthropologists seek to study...?
Humans from biological and cultural perspectives
Anthropology views humans as______ and______beings
Biological and cultural
What are the four branches of anthropology?
Biological, archaeological, sociocultural, and linguistic
what do archaeologists do ?
Study past people and culture through the analysis of material remains
Explain the basic tenant of anthropology to its meaning.
1.Holism 2. Relativism 3. Universalism 4. Culture
1. we can understand the human experience only through interrelationships of all aspects of human existence
2. A good anthropologist must examine each culture within the context of its own beliefs rather than judging it by the cultural
3. All humans are equally intelligent and complex and no culture is superior to any other
4. Learned, shared behaviors and knowledge that humans are not born with
What are the 4 tools of science discussed in Lawlor's powerpoint
Falsifiability, testing, being open to revision, replication
How is a theory different from a hypothesis?
A theory is an explanation that has been carefully examined and tested.
Biological Anthropology is a science because it
uses data to fill gaps in knowledge about how the natural world operates.
How would the textbook authors classify the following statement? " somewhere on the planet, a pink elephant is dancing the can-can in a tutu"
As a untestable statement
What TWO aspects of west African culture led to people losing their family members to the Ebola virus?
The ritual of washing the bodies of the dead and the custom of eating bushmeat
According to Elizabeth Lindsay, how did the traditional Polynesian cultures use the scientific method?
They navigated canoes across the ocean using data from multiple sources and they made accurate weather predictions three days ahead by using tested knowledge from previous generations
The homo naledia research illustrates which of Lawlors tools of science?
Being open to revision(of the human family tree)
One of the videos features someone from the CDC interviewing an anthropologist about _______ and the US medical system. The anthropologist pointed out that in that culture, medical professionals need to consult not only with the individual patient but also with__________
1. African Americans of the US south
2. The family, the community and the church
What is DNA made of?
What are the 4 ways DNA differs from RNA
1. DNA is much larger
2. Is two(double) stranded
3. Has the nucleotides A, T,C,G
4. Makes up the chromosomes
Which two nucleotides are complementary bases in DNA?
The process of_________ produces______ daughter somatic cells
Somatic cells are characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
Each includes a nucleus at some stage of its development
They are used in multiple tissues throughout the body
Each contains half a copy of an organism's DNA
Each contains a complete copy of all of an organism's DNA
Each contains half a copy of an organisms DNA
Somatic cells include all of the following expect
Which of the following are proteins in the human body?
proteins consist of...
chains of amino acids
Rna is produced by matching with DNA
A protein is made when tRNA matches with mRNA in the ribosome
A new copy of DNA is produced in the nucleus
an error occurs in the number of chromosomes during meiosis
What 3 things can you tell from reading a karyotype
1. The sex of an individual
2. whether an individual has down syndrome
3. whether a non-disjunction has occurred
Carry genetic information that influences the same traits
Humans and all other living things make proteins_________ supporting darwins theory of ____________
1. The exact same way
2. Common descent
Match each codon with the correct term:
Codons( TAC, AUG,UAC)
Terms: DNA triplet, tRNA anticodon, mRNA codon
TAC- DNA triplet
UAC- tRNA anticodon
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