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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. unconditioned response (UCR)
  2. variable-ratio schedule
  3. partial (intermittent) reinforcement
  4. fixed-ratio schedule
  5. modeling
  1. a in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses
  2. b in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), such as salivation when food is in the mouth
  3. c in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses.
  4. d the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior
  5. e reinforcing a response only part of the time; results in slower acquisition of a response but much greater resistance to extinction than does continuous reinforcement

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. learning by observing others
  2. an event that decreases the behavior that it follows
  3. a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience
  4. in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals
  5. a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer (also known as a secondary reinforcer)

5 True/False questions

  1. latent learninga relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience

          

  2. overjustification effectthornkide's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely, and that behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely

          

  3. classical conditioninga type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by reinforcement or diminished if followed by punishment

          

  4. extinctionthe initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neural stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. in operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response

          

  5. conditioned response (CR)in classical conditioning, the learned response to a previously neutral conditioned stimulus (CS).

          

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