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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. law of effect
  2. primary reinforcer
  3. variable-interval schedule
  4. overjustification effect
  5. associative learning
  1. a thornkide's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely, and that behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely
  2. b the effect of promising a reward for doing what one already likes to do. the person ma now see the reward, rather than the intrinsic interest, as the motivation for performint the task
  3. c an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need
  4. d learning tht certain events occur together. the events may be two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as in operant conditioning)
  5. e in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neural stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. in operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response
  2. behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences
  3. the reappearance, after a rest period, of an extinguished conditioned response
  4. positive, constructive, helpful behavior. the opposite of antisocial behavior
  5. an event that decreases the behavior that it follows

5 True/False questions

  1. fixed-ratio schedulein operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed

          

  2. discriminationthe tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses

          

  3. extinctionthe initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neural stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. in operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response

          

  4. cognitive mapa mental representation of the layout of one's evnironment. for example, after exploring a maze, rats act as if they have learned a cognitive map of it

          

  5. shapinga relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience