5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- law of effect
- operant conditioning
- condition stimulus (CS)
- conditioned reinforcer
- a in classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), comes to trigger a conditioned response.
- b thornkide's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely, and that behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely
- c the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior
- d a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer (also known as a secondary reinforcer)
- e a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by reinforcement or diminished if followed by punishment
5 Multiple choice questions
- in classical conditioning, the learned response to a previously neutral conditioned stimulus (CS).
- learning tht certain events occur together. the events may be two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as in operant conditioning)
- behavior that opertes on the environment, producing consequences.
- the tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses
- the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2)
5 True/False questions
classical conditioning → a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. a neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stiumlus (UCS) begins to produce a response that anticaipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus (also called Pavlovian conditioning)
punishment → an operant conditioing procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximation of a desired goal
reinforcement → in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
extinction → the initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neural stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. in operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response
fixed-ratio schedule → in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed