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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. law of effect
  2. modeling
  3. operant conditioning
  4. condition stimulus (CS)
  5. conditioned reinforcer
  1. a in classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), comes to trigger a conditioned response.
  2. b thornkide's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely, and that behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely
  3. c the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior
  4. d a stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer (also known as a secondary reinforcer)
  5. e a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by reinforcement or diminished if followed by punishment

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. in classical conditioning, the learned response to a previously neutral conditioned stimulus (CS).
  2. learning tht certain events occur together. the events may be two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as in operant conditioning)
  3. behavior that opertes on the environment, producing consequences.
  4. the tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses
  5. the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2)

5 True/False questions

  1. classical conditioninga type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. a neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stiumlus (UCS) begins to produce a response that anticaipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus (also called Pavlovian conditioning)

          

  2. punishmentan operant conditioing procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximation of a desired goal

          

  3. reinforcementin operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows

          

  4. extinctionthe initial stage in classical conditioning; the phase associating a neural stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response. in operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response

          

  5. fixed-ratio schedulein operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed