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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. condition stimulus (CS)
  2. cognitive map
  3. behaviorism
  4. operant chamber ("skinner box")
  5. spontaneous recovery
  1. a a chamber containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer, with attached devices to record the animal's rate of bar pressing or key pecking. used in operant conditioning research
  2. b the reappearance, after a rest period, of an extinguished conditioned response
  3. c in classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), comes to trigger a conditioned response.
  4. d a mental representation of the layout of one's evnironment. for example, after exploring a maze, rats act as if they have learned a cognitive map of it
  5. e the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2)

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the effect of promising a reward for doing what one already likes to do. the person ma now see the reward, rather than the intrinsic interest, as the motivation for performint the task
  2. in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals
  3. an operant conditioing procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximation of a desired goal
  4. thornkide's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely, and that behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely
  5. in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally - naturally and automatically - triggers a response

5 True/False questions

  1. fixed-interval schedulein operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses


  2. classical conditioninga type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by reinforcement or diminished if followed by punishment


  3. generalizationin classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus


  4. conditioned response (CR)in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (UCS), such as salivation when food is in the mouth


  5. punishmentan event that decreases the behavior that it follows