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Chapter 6 Quiz 1

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Interpreting new sensory information within the framework of a past memory illustrates
top-down processing
The size of the difference threshold is greater for heavier objects than for lighter ones. This best illustrates
Weber's law
The central focal point in the retina where cones are heavily concentrated is known as the
fovea.
The phenomenon of blindsight best illustrates that visual information can be processed without
conscious awareness.
The hammer, anvil, and stirrup are three tiny bones that transmit vibrations to the
oval window.
The sensory experience of bending one's knees or raising one's arms exemplifies
kinesthesis.
Nociceptors initiate the sensation of
pain
The olfactory cortex is located in the
temporal lobe
Rules for organizing stimuli into coherent groups were first identified by
Gestalt psychologists
The distance between our right and left eyes functions to provide us with a cue for depth perception known as
retinal disparity
Railroad tracks appear to converge in the distance. This provides a cue for depth perception known as
linear perspective
A door casts an increasingly trapezoidal image on our retinas as it opens, yet we still perceive it as rectangular. This illustrates
shape constancy
After some practice, Carol was able to read books while holding them upside down. This best illustrates
perceptual adaptation
After hearing that Bryce had served a prison sentence, Janet began to perceive his friendly behavior as insincere and manipulative. This best illustrates the impact of
perceptual set
Racial and ethnic stereotypes can sometimes bias our perceptions of others' behaviors. This best illustrates the impact of
top-down processing.