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Terms in this set (54)

Brown v Board of Education: Linda Brown, a middle school student at the time, was denied access to her school due to segregation. After bringing this case to the Supreme Court, Chief of Justice, Earl Warren, stated that segregation affected the black student's quality of education and ruled that all segregation must be eliminated.

Mendez v Wesminster: case in California that involved the segregation of Mexican American school children seven years before Brown v Board case. It declared it unconstitutional.

Hernandez v Texas: Hernandez' defense lawyers argued that persons of Mexican descent had not been allowed to serve on juries even though numerous Mexican Americans were citizens and had qualified for jury duty in Jackson County. Even though 14 percent of the county was Hispanic, none had served on juries for at least the last 25 years. This meant Hernandez had been deprived of his Fourteenth Amendment rights.

Delgado v Bastrop ISD: Minerva Delgado's son suffered segregation during this time period when Del Rio ISD decided to separate them from the other white kids since they did not speak English fluently. Ever since, Texas schools have tried to avoid the segregation of hispanic kids.

Sweatt v Painter: The case involved a black man, Heman Marion Sweatt, who was refused admission to the School of Law of the University of Texas, whose president was Theophilus Painter, on the grounds that the Texas State Constitution prohibited integrated education. It successfully challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine of racial segregation and influenced the Brown v Board case.

White v Regester: U. S. Supreme Court ruled in Wesberry v. Sanders that members of the U.S. House of Representatives must be chosen from districts approximately equal in population. That same year, in Reynolds v. Sims, the Court ruled that members of both houses of a state legislature must be chosen from districts approximately equal in population.

Wisconsin v Yoder: in this case the United States Supreme Court found that Amish children could not be placed under compulsory education past 8th grade. The parents' fundamental right to freedom of religion was determined to outweigh the state's interest in educating its children. The case is often cited as a basis for parents' right to educate their children outside of traditional private or public schools.