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PSY Unit 2 Ch. 7
Terms in this set (40)
From a psychological perspective, the term cognition means ________.
________ are categories or groupings of linguistic information, images, ideas, or memories, such as life experiences.
________ concepts are ones that we know by a specific set of characteristics that are always exhibited, such as what defines different basic shapes.
________ encompasses the processes associated with perception, knowledge, problem solving, judgment, language, and memory.
A(an) ________ is a basic sound unit of a given language.
A ________ is the smallest unit of language that conveys some type of meaning.
Which term refers to the process by which we derive meaning from morphemes and words?
A(an) ________ involves approaching a problem in a way that has worked in the past, but it is clearly no longer working.
Which concept is a type of mental set where you cannot perceive an object being used for something other than what it was designed for?
What is confirmation bias?
focusing on information that confirms your existing beliefs
________intelligence is marked by inventing or imagining a solution to a problem or situation.
The analytical intelligence component of the triarchic theory of intelligence is demonstrated by the ability to ________.
analyze, evaluate, judge, compare, and contrast
Who developed the triarchic theory of intelligence?
________ and ________ are powerful influences on both our thoughts and behaviors.
Sensations and information are received by our brains, filtered through emotions and memories, and processed to become ________.
Natural concepts are mental groupings created naturally through our ________.
The word ________ is both a morpheme and a phoneme.
Samara meets a nurse. She immediately assumes he is able to help care for sick people, works long hours, and dispenses advice about illness because her ________ schema suggests that nurses behave this way.
After the first few months of life, babies enter what is known as the ________ stage, during which time they tend to produce single syllables, such as buh-buh, that are repeated over and over.
An anchoring bias occurs when you focus on ________.
one piece of information versus all of the information
Carmela believes her assistant, Lian, is incompetent. She notices only what Lian does wrong while ignoring the above average quality of most of her work. This exemplifies ________ bias.
Niaz's car breaks down, and he is convinced that it was a predictable event even though there was no way of knowing it would happen. This exemplifies ________.
Ilayda assumes that her professors spend their free time reading books and engaging in intellectual conversation, because the idea of them spending their time playing volleyball or visiting an amusement park does not fit in with her stereotypes of professors. This exemplifies ________.
Tasks that require you to compare, contrast, or evaluate are using the ________ intelligence component of the triarchic theory of intelligence.
Reth is known for his ability and interest in writing. He won an award for his short story, "A Bear in the Woods," and was named Young Poet of the Year at his high school. He is currently working on a book titled, When Harry Potter Attacks. This exemplifies ________ intelligence.
Mel is an adult who can take care of his basic needs, but he requires oversight while he paints and someone to check on his living conditions daily. Which subtype of intellectual disability describes Mel?
Nima excels at working with numbers in subjects such as calculus and algebra. This exemplifies ________ intelligence.
Aram is proficient in playing a number of instruments and can easily learn new songs and rhythms. This exemplifies ________ intelligence.
Why are event schemata difficult to change? They are ________.
Jake is sympathetic and considerate of his friends' moods. He really identifies with their feelings and readily understands their point of view. He is well-known around campus, and he has great relationships with his classmates and professors. Which area of intelligence does this exemplify?
Mikel can look at an engineering plan and quickly build a scale model. This exemplifies ________ intelligence.
Bernadette has difficulty spelling words correctly while writing and mixes up letters within words and sentences. Which learning disability does she have?
In Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Theory, ________ intelligence and ________ intelligence are often combined into a single type: emotional intelligence.
What is the Flynn effect?
The observation that each generation has a significantly higher IQ than the previous generation.
Schemata are a(an) ________.
method of organizing information that allows the brain to work more efficiently
Which of the following statements about algorithms is false?
Algorithms are used frequently in our everyday lives.
What do the concepts of representational bias, anchoring bias, and hindsight bias all have in common?
All of the concepts are examples of mental set.
The likelihood of functional fixedness occurring may be influenced by culture, and it is________.
experienced in both industrial and preindustrial countries equally
The average score on an IQ test is 100. In modern IQ testing, one standard deviation is 15 points. Someone with an IQ of 115 would be described as________.
one standard deviation above the mean
Which of the following is not one of the four subtypes of intellectual disability?
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