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Terms in this set (34)
OpposeTo be against something, to not support somethingstates' rightsthe rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal governmentNorth's view on tariffsHelped industrial North by increasing cost of good made by foreign competitionSouth's view on tariffsNo benefit to non-industrial South - but raised prices for southern consumers and reduced European willingness to buy southern cottonAfrican-Americans in the NorthSlave trade abolished in the North, free African Americans could own property and had some rightsEconomic effects of slavery in the SouthPlantation system ("King Cotton") relied on slaveryMissouri CompromiseMissouri added as slave state, Maine added as free state - to maintain balance between slave & free states in Senate. No new slave states north of Missouri's southern border.Compromise of 1850California admitted as a free state / Fugitive Slave laws made it easier for slave owners to recapture escaped slavesKansas-Nebraska ActAllowed citizens of Kansas and Nebraska territories to use popular sovereignty (voting) to determine if it would be free or slave - led to Bleeding KansasBleeding Kansasbloodshed from groups for and against slavery after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. John Brown was an influential abolitionist in this event.Henry Clay"Great Compromiser" that sponsored the Compromise Tariff of 1833, Missouri Compromise, & Compromise of 1850. Tried to reduce tensions between pro-slavery & anti-slavery states.Characteristics of the Northindustrial, urban (large population & many cities), factories, railroads, good port areas, & variety of economic activitiesCharacteristics of the Southplantation economy, primarily produced cotton "King Cotton", lacked railroads/factories/schools, good soil, small population, rural & focused on agricultureCharacteristics of the Westopened to settlement, construction of roads/canals, & economy was based on agricultureMain economy of Northmanufacturing & industryMain economy of SouthagricultureDred Scott v. SanfordSupreme Court denied citizenship of enslaved people and ruled Congress did not have authority to restrict slavery (e.g. Missouri Compromise). Increased tensions between North and South.John Brown's RaidAttempt by white abolitionist John Brown to start an armed slave revolt by seizing US Arsenal at Harpers Ferry in Virginia. Defeated by US marines led by Robert E. Lee. Brown executed.American SystemEconomic program advanced by Henry Clay that included support for a national bank, high tariffs, and internal improvements; emphasized strong role for federal government in the economy.NullificationA state's refusal to recognize an act of Congress that it considers unconstitutionalabolishTo stop. To end.Abraham LincolnWanted to keep the union together. Believed slavery was morally wrong. Became president in 1861.ConfederacyThe name of the South after they seceded.UnionThe name of the North during the Civil War

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