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Methods: Final Exam Study Set- Previous Exam Questions
Terms in this set (110)
Which of the following bones is classified as a long bone?
The structural term for a freely moveable joint is
Vertical plane that divides the body into right and left halves
median or midsagittal
What term describes the sole of the foot?
A lateromedial projection is one in which the lateral aspect of the anatomy part is closest to the IR. True or False?
A position in which the head is lower than the feet is called?
A patient is erect with the left side directly against the IR. The CR enters the right side of the body. What is the position?
Which factor primarily controls radiographic density in the analog image?
What is the primary controlling factor for radiographic contrast?
What type of radiographic contrast is produced with a high kV technique?
Low contrast, long scale
The least possible distortion of the anatomy occurs at the point of the CR. True or False?
The two most common landmarks for chest positioning are the?
jugular notch and the vertebra prominens
The vertebra prominens corresponds to the level of?
The heart is located in the anterior chest at the level of?
A well inspired average adult PA chest projection will have a minimum of how many posterior ribs seen above the diaphragm?
A PA chest radiograph reveals that the left sternoclavicular joint is closer to the spine than the right joint. What specific positioning error has been made?
Rotation towards the left anterior oblique (LAO) position
Of the following positioning actions, which one will remove the majority of the scapulae from the lung fields?
Roll shoulders forward
What is the name of the structure that serves as a common passageway for both food and air?
What is the name for the structure that serves as a lid over the larynx to prevent aspiration of food or fluid?
The top of the IR placed approximately 5 inches above the shoulders is a recommended centering technique for adult chest radiography. True or False?
Which of the following statements is NOT true?
The left bronchus is more horizontal than the right broncus. NOT true
Which of the following factors must be applied to minimize distortion of the heart?
72 inch SID
What type of respiration should be employed during the exposure for the AP kidneys, ureter, and bladder (KUB) abdomen projection?
In which region or compartment of the abdomen is the pancreas located?
Which of the following solid organs is the largest found in the abdomen?
A patient is in the ICU after abdominal surgery. The surgeon is concerned about a possible perforated bowel. The patient cannot stand or sit. Which of the following positions will best demonstrate any possible intra-abdominal free air?
Left Lateral Decubitus
What is the best method to control voluntary motion during abdominal radiography?
Careful instructions to the patient
Which aspect of the small intestine is considered the shortest?
Motion of the patient's diaphragm can be stopped by providing proper breathing instructions. True or False?
In which of the four quadrants of the abdomen would the cecum be found?
The term gastro refers to the intestine. True or False?
Gonadal shielding can often be used with male patients for the AP supine abdomen projection. True or False?
Gonadal shielding can be used for a KUB abdomen projection on an adolescent female with possible urinary stones. True or False?
Which of the following muscles should be demonstrated on a well exposed abdomen projection on an avg size patient?
Which aspect of the large intestine is found between the left and right colic flexures?
Which of the following topographic landmarks corresponds to
L2-3 vertebral level?
Inferior Costal Margin
To ensure that the inferior margin of the abdomen is included on a KUB radiograph, the technologist should palpate the:
greater trochanter or symphysis pubis
Which projection of the knee best demonstrates the proximal tibiofibular articulation without bony superimposition?
AP oblique projection (medial rotation)
Which projection of the knee best demonstrates the femoropatellar space open?
Which of the following evaluation criteria indicates that the knee is properly positioned for a lateral projection?
femoral condyles are superimposed
The most inferior positioning landmark on the abdomen/pelvis is the:
Which projection of the knee shows the patella in profile?
The iliac crest corresponds with what vertebral level?
Which bones form the pelvis?
Two hip bones, sacrum, and coccyx only
Which two prominent structures found on the ilium are frequently used as radiographic positioning reference points?
Iliac crest and anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS)
At what level should the central ray be placed for a left lateral decubitus projection of the abdomen?
2" above the iliac crest
The AP oblique-bilateral hands projection (ball catchers position) is performed to evaluate for early signs of:
Another term for osteoarthritis is:
degenerative joint disease
What bones of the hip bone form the obturator foramen?
ischium and pubis
Where is the CR centered for the bilateral acromioclavicular (AC) joint projection on a single 14x17 IR?
1 inch above the jugular notch
The use of a grid during shoulder radiography will result in higher patient dose over non grid procedures. True or False?
Which of the following joints is considered to have a ball and socket (spheroidal) type of movement?
Which term describes the medial end of the clavicle?
Which gender has a pelvis with a larger and more rounded outlet?
Which gender has a broader and shallower pelvis?
Which rotation of the humerus will result in a lateral position of the proximal humerus?
Internal rotation (epicondyles perpendicular to image receptor)
Which of the following carpals articulates with the radius?
What are the two palpable bony points for the hip joint?
ASIS and superior margin of the pubic symphysis
Why is it important to keep the phalanges parallel to the IR for a PA oblique projection of the hand?
Prevents foreshortening of phalanges and obscuring of interphalangeal joints
Which bones of the pelvis compose the acetabulum?
pubis, ischium, ilium
Where is the CR centered for a PA projection of the hand?
At the third metacarpophalangeal joint
Which of the following structures is considered to be the most proximal?
Which of the following actions will lead to the proximal radius crossing over the ulna?
Pronation of the hand
Which parts of the hip bones support the weight of the body when a person is in the sitting position?
What is the purpose of performing the AP partially flexed projections of the elbow?
To provide an AP perspective if patient cannot fully extend elbow
Where should the IR be centered for the AP projection of the pelvis?
Midway between the ASIS and the pubic symphysis
Where on the midline of the patient should the central ray enter for the AP projection of the pelvis?
2 inches above the pubic symphysis
Which is the most commonly fractured carpal bone?
Which routine projection of the elbow best demonstrates the olecranon process in profile?
How should the humeral epicondyles be aligned for a lateral projection of the elbow?
perpendicular to the IR
Which two structures primarily from the hinge like structure and movement of the elbow joint?
Trochlea and olecranon process
What two bony landmarks are palpated for positioning of the elbow?
Which of the following is not part of the ulna?
The bending or forcing of the hand laterally with the hand pronated in a PA projection is known as:
Which routine projection of the elbow best demonstrates the radial head and tuberosity free of superimposition?
AP oblique with lateral rotation
What projection prevents the radius and ulna from crossing?
The arms of the Y on a PA oblique scapula Y projection of the shoulder are formed by the?
Coracoid and Acromion
Which of the following structures is not part of the proximal humerus?
What is the name of the large fossa found within the anterior surface of the scapula?
Which AP projection of the shoulder and proximal humerus is created by placing the palm of the affected hand towards the thigh?
Which shoulder projection best demonstrates the glenoid cavity in profile?
How many degrees should the tube be angled for a scapular Y projection?
No angle should be used
Which landmark corresponds to L2-3 vertebral level?
Inferior Costal Margin
The iliac crest corresponds with what vertebral level?
Which bone of the pelvic girdle forms the anterior inferior aspect?
What gender typically has a narrower, deeper shape of pelvis?
If a patient has excessive external rotation of one foot, a fractured hip may be indicated. True or False?
Only a small part of the lesser trochanter, if any, will be visible on a well-positioned axiolateral (inferosuperior) lateral hip. True or False?
Where is the CR placed for an AP projection of the pelvis?
Midway between the ASIS and the symphysis pubis
The IR must be placed parallel to the femoral neck for the axiolateral (inferosuperior) projection of the hip. True or False?
Which lateral hip projection can't be performed on a trauma patient with a possible hip fracture?
Modified cleaves method
What type of CR angle must be used for an AP axial (Taylor method) "outlet" projection for a male patient?
20 to 35 degrees cephalad
Which of the following bony structures cannot be palpated?
Which landmark cannot be palpated directly?
To reduce radiation dose to the reproductive organs , an AP projection of the pelvis should be taken using:
High kV and low mAs
The AP projection of the hip joints in the bilateral frog-leg portion (modified cleaves) may be performed to diagnose?
Congenital hip dislocation
For the AP projection of the hip joints in the frog leg position (modified cleaves), the patients thighs are abducted from vertical:
40 to 45 degrees
For an axiolateral-inferosuperior projection (danelius miller method) of the hip joint, the CR is:
perpendicular to the femoral neck
For the AP projection of the hip joints in the frog leg position, the CR is angled?
For and AP projection of the hip the CR is directed to the:
A common condition of the femur that develops in elderly patients, leading to frequent fractures of the hip (proximal femur) is?
A radiograph of an AP pelvis reveals that the right iliac wing is foreshortened as compared with the left side. What specific positioning problem is present on this radiograph?
A study of a prosthetic hip demonstrates that the end of the prosthesis is cut off on the AP projection but the entire device is demonstrated on the lateral projection. What should the tech do next?
Repeat the AP projection only
Why must the lower limb be rotated 15 to 20 degrees internally for AP hip projections?
To place the femoral neck parallel to the IR
Which structure is not an aspect of the proximal femur?
The symphysis pubis provides limited movement during pelvic trauma and during:
labor and delivery
The foot consists of how many bones?
The AP axial projection (Beclere) is a special projection used to demonstrate the?
Which tarsal bone articulates to form the mortises joint?
What is the central ray orientation for the AP axial projection of the foot?
10 degrees towards the heel
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