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Social Studies - Chapter 9: Propaganda Movement
Terms in this set (27)
a Chinese mestizo who had a doctorate in law and was a contributor to the newspaper, El Democrata. His articles were mainly about economics and reforms needed in running the Philippine economy. His famous publication was titled El Progreso de Filipinas.
Reforms advocated by Gregorio Sanciano
(1) Reform the tax system
(2) Build more roads, bridges, railroads, and public works to promote agriculture
(3) Build more schools managed by the government
Objectives of the reform movement
(1) Representation of the Philippines in the Cortes Generales
(2) Recognition of the Philippines as a province of Spain
(3) Secularization of the clergy and the parishes
(4) Equality among Filipinos and Spaniards
(5) Creation of a public school system independent of the friars
(6) Abolition of the polo and the vandala
(7) Recognition of human rights
(8) Freedom of speech and association
(9) Equal opportunity for Filipinos and Spaniards to enter government service
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
avoidance of activity or exertion; laziness
are the bicameral legislative chambers of Spain, consisting of the Congress of Deputies and the Senate. In English, it is known as the "General Courts."
a newspaper that was established to express the goal of the propaganda movement towards achieving assimilation with Spain.
Graciano Lopez Jaena
a writer and fiery orator from Iloilo and the first editor of the newspaper, La Solidaridad. His famous works include Fray Botod, Esperanza (Hope) and La Hija de Fraile (The Daughter of the Friar).
Marcelo H. Del Pilar
he succeeded Graciano López Jaena as editor of the La Solidaridad. Under his editorship, the aims of the newspaper expanded. He was a prolific writer in both Spanish and Tagalog, and his writings focused mainly on the abuses of the friars in the Philippines. His famous works include Dasalan at Tocsohan and Soberania Monacal en Filipinas.
Writers and prominent members of La Solidaridad
(1) Jose Rizal (Laon Laan)
(2) Graciano Lopez Jaena
(3) Marcelo H. Del Pilar (Plaridel)
(4) Mariano Ponce (Naning, Kalipulako, Tikbalang)
(5) Jose Maria Panganiban (Jomapa)
(6) Antonio Luna (Taga-Ilog)
(7) Pedro Paterno
(8) Antonio Ma. Regidor
(9) Isabelo de los Reyes
(10) Eduardo de Lete
(11) Jose Alejandrino
(12) Professor Ferdinand Blumentritt
(13) Dr. Antonio Morayta
Jose P. Rizal
Filipino revolutionary leader who fought for sovereignty from the Spanish. His most prominent works include La Solidaridad, Sobre La Indolencia de los Filipinos, Filipinas Dento de Cien Años and A La Juventud Filipina.
Sobre la Indolencia de los Filipinos
is a comprehensive response to the accusations of the Spaniards regarding the "laziness and viciousness of the Filipinos that contributed to the poor production and slow progress in the country." In English, it is translated as "About the Indolence of the Filipinos."
Dentro de Cien Años
The Philippines, a Century Hence
dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery.
expressing a low opinion; intended to hurt the reputation of a person or thing.
freedom of the press
right of newspapers and other public media to publish articles believed to be accurate
is a term used to describe the educated class during the Spanish colonial period.
A government tax on imports or exports
a formally concluded and ratified agreement between countries.
Rizal's two famous novels
El Filibusterismo and Noli Me Tangere which contained characters who expressed his ideas and feelings about political, economic, religious and social conditions in the country.
Noli Me Tangere
Touch Me Not, but also known as The Social Cancer
The Filibuster (or the Subversive)
Letter to the Women of Malolos
a letter written by Rizal addressed to the government to allow the women of Malolos, Bulacan to pen a night school for women. This was part of his campaign for the need for education.
a Filipino artist best known for his art piece, the Spolarium
Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo
he won a silver medal for his Virgines Christianas Expuestos Al Populacho.
Effects of the Reform Movement
No concrete action was taken by the Spanish government to address the reforms, but the propaganda movement rekindled the Filipinos' nationalistic spirit.
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