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FIRST AID EMERGENCY CARE AND DISASTER - Part 1
Terms in this set (15)
Which cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) technique is recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA)?
Compress the chest 100 times/ minute.
Standing in a fast-food line, the person in front, while munching on a cookie, begins to cough heavily, takes deep inspirations, and waves his arms around wildly. What should be the nurse's first action?
Do nothing at this point, as long as the individual has good air exchange, and can cough forcefully.
What is the initial intervention for an unconscious patient who is not breathing according to one-person CPR principles, as taught and practiced by professional nurses?
Call for assistance.
While ambulating, a patient gasps and drops to the floor unconscious with no pulse or respiration. When is the nurse aware that brain cells begin to die?
A nurse comes upon a traffic accident. One passenger is lying on the ground by an open door. What should the nurse assess for first?
Circulation, airway, breathing (CAB)
A nurse follows the protocol of SAMPLE when speaking to a victim of a fall in the parking lot of the hospital. What does the P stand for?
What instructions should the nurse provide for immediate treatment for epistaxis?
"Sit down on a solid surface, lean your head forward so you don't choke on the blood, and pinch your nose shut for at least 10 minutes".
A nurse comes upon a traffic accident were injured; unconscious people are lying on the highway. What should the nurse be aware of regarding the sanctioning of first-aid interventions in this scenario?
Good Samaritan Act.
What will the nurse giving discharge instructions to a patient who is severely allergic to insect stings caution the patient to do?
Obtain an emergency treatment kit,
A nurse who is assisting victims of an automobile collision has already elevated and placed a towel secured with a belt on a bleeding lower leg wound. What action should the nurse take when the towel becomes saturated?
Apply pressure to the popliteal artery.
A homeless person is brought to the emergency department after having been found asleep on a park bench under a layer of snow. He has a rectal temperature of 95° F. Which additional symptoms should the nurse anticipate?
Decreased or irregular heartbeat and respiratory rates and decreased BP.
A mother brings in her 2-year-old who has ingested gasoline 1 hour earlier. What should the nurse implement after the initial assessment?
Prepare to administer bowel lavage and cathartics.
While at the local pool on an extremely hot day, a nurse is called on to care for a woman who has evidently developed heat exhaustion. What is the initial nursing care for this person?
Move the patient into an air-conditioned or shaded area.
A patient visits the industrial nurse after an accident on the factory floor, which has amputated three toes. What is the most effective nursing intervention for the amputated toes?
Placing a saline-wrapped toes in a plastic bag in an iced, saline bath.
A child is brought to the emergency department with several deep dog bites on her legs. After cleaning the wounds, what should the nurse be primarily concerned with ascertaining?
The status of tetanus inoculation.
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