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Membranous sac enclosing the heart and ends of the great vessels


refers to the heart and lungs


To go around


Electrical device that controls the beating of the heart by electrical impulses

Single-chamber device

Electrode of the pacemaker is placed only in the atrium or only in the ventricle, but not in both places

Dual-chamber device

Electrodes of the pacemaker are placed in both the atrium and the ventricle of the heart


Lead attached to a generator that carries the electrical current from the generator that carries to the atria or ventricles


Chamber in the lower part of the heart


Chamber in the upper part of the heart


Surgically placed device that directs an electrical current shock to the heart to restore rhythm


Vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the body tissues


Vessel that carries unoxygenated blood to the heart from the body tissues


Blockage of a blood vessel by a blood clot or other matter that has moved from another area of the body through the circulatory system


Blood clot


Incision into an artery to remove the inner lining to remove the inner lining to remove disease of blockage


Surgical or percutaneous procedure on a vessel to dilate the vessel open, used in treatment of atherosclerotic disease


Forcing of fluid into a vessel or cavity


Tube placed into to body to put fluid in or take fluid out

Arteriovenous fistula

Direct communication(passage) between an artery and vein




Deficient blood supply caused by obstruction of the circulatory system

Cardiopulmonary bypass

Blood bypasses the heart through a heart-lung machine during open heart surgery


Abnormal opening from one area to another area within the body or to outside of the body


Divert or make an artificial passage

Intracardiac (internally) or external (externally)

Codes for excision of cardiac tumors are divided based on whether the tumor is located__________or__________

Pacemaker and cardioverter- defibrillator

What are the names of two devices that are inserted into the body to electrically shock the heart into regular rhythm?


If the patient is returned to the operating room for repositioning or replacement of the pacemaker of cardioverter-defibrillator during the global period, modifier_____ would be appended to the code.


If a physician implanted a pacemaker and 10 days later the patient returns to the same surgeon for removal of sutures, would you charge for the service?


If a patient is seen for a rash on the heel of the foot by the same physician who implanted a pacemaker 20 days earlier, would you bill for the office service for the rash?

epicardial and transvenous

The two approaches used to insert devices that electrically shock the heart into regular rhythm are


When you bill for E/M services unrelated to a pacemaker implantation during the allowable follow-up days, what modifier would you use on the code to alert the third-party payer?

Aortic, Mitral, Tricuspid, and Pulmonary

What are the four cardiac valves?

Patient activated event recorder

What is the name of the device that can be surgically implanted into the subcutaneous tissue in the upper left quadrant to record heart rhythms when the patient depresses a button?


What arteries feed the heart?


When a heart artery is clogged and the heart muscle performs at a low level as a result of a lack of blood, the condition is called_________ ischemia.


When a heart artery is clogged and the heart muscle dies, the condition is called________ischemia.


A mass of undissolved matter in the blood that is transported by the blood current is a (a) ______.

Contrast material

Local anesthesia, catheter introduction, and injection of ___________ _____________ are procedures that are included in a vascular injection.

Heart/Pericardium and Arteries and Veins

What are the two subheadings within the Cardiovascular System subsection?


The subspecialty of internal medicine that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of the heart is_____________

Surgery ,Medicine, and Radiology

In Chapter 16 you learned about coding from which three sections of the CPT?


Procedures that break the skin for correction of examination are known as _________ procedures.


Procedures that do not break the skin are known as _______ procedures.


The study of the heart's electrical system is known as_________________


A catheter that is inserted into an artery and manipulated to a further order is termed__________

non selective

A catheter that is inserted into an artery and not manipulated to a further order is termed_________placement.


Surgical procedures in the Heart and Pericardium subheading contain procedures that are performed through both open surgical sites and __________________.

saphenous vein graft

According to the CPT manual notes for bypass grafts, which of the following procurements is bundled in the bypass?


What is the acronym commonly used for coronary artery bypass graft?


Which CPT Appendix would be a helpful resource for selective vascular coding?

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