2. form of government with right to vote for citizens
3. great landowners, ruling class
4. group of craftsmen, merchants, small farmers
5. Carthaginian general
• 6. Rome's first code of laws was the
• Twelve Tables.
• 7. The Roman Senate was a select group of
• 8. Two consuls did all of the following EXCEPT
• judge cases involving non-citizens.
• 9. Romans excelled at all of the following EXCEPT
• pure democracy.
• 10. Rome defeated, then destroyed, Carthage in the
• Punic Wars.
• 1. the Eastern Roman Empire
the Byzantine empire
• 2. head of the Eastern Orthodox Church •
3. separation •
• 4. expeditions to regain the Holy Land
• 5. unbelievers
• 6. Byzantine emperor APalestine. Bthe Eastern Orthodox Church. Cthe Seljuk Turks. DHagia Sophia Alexius I asked Europeans for help against
Cthe Seljuk Turks.
• 7. Until the twelfth century, Constantinople was all of the following EXCEPT AEurope's greatest commerce center. C Bthe East-West trading center. DEurope's largest city. Ehome of the papacy
Ehome of the papacy
8. The Macedonian emperors expanded the Byzantine Empire to include all of the following EXCEPT ACrete. BSyria. CCyprus. DItaly
• 9. The Macedonians' rule was weakened by 1081 due to all of the following EXCEPT Ariots in Constantinople. Ba schism with Roman Catholicism. Cpower struggles. Dincompetent rulers.
Ariots in Constantinople
10, Justinian's accomplishments include all of the following EXCEPT Awinning me Crusades. Bbuilding Hagia Sophia. Ccreating a written codeof laws. Dbuilding underground reservoirs.
Awinning me Crusades.
• 1. sun-centered model of the universe
3. law of universal attraction
4. His observations suggested that planets had substance.
• 5. He developed laws of planetary motion.
• 6. Francis Bacon's scientific method was all of the following EXCEPT Asystematic procedure. Bbased on collecting and analyzing evidence, Creliant on the use of ancient authorities. Dcrucial to the evolution of science.
C reliant on the use of ancient authorities.
• 7. Inductive reasoning involved which of the following? A. proceeding from the particular to the general B. using ancient wisdom C using Church authority to find truth Dusing the Bible to prove ideas
Aproceeding from the particular to the general
• 8. Rene" Descartes believed in one absolute truth,
his own existence. .
• 9. Rationalism is the belief that
• reason is the chief source of knowledge
• Francis Bacon, who developed the scientific methd was a
1. philosophers, writers, economists, social reformers
2. system of political limits and controls
separation of powers
3. to let (people) do (what they want)
4. idea that God lets the universe run by its own laws
5. allows for a society to be governed by its general will
6. In The Wealth of Nations, Adam Smith gave all of the following roles to government EXCEPT A. protection (the army). Bdefense (the police). C. economics (the bank). Dpublic works (roads and carols).
C economics (the bank).
7. Rousseau argued that society should be governed by which of the following A. the military B. the church C. a monarch D. a social contract
D a social contract
8. Rousseau believed in all of the f oEowing EXCEPT "? A. balance of heart and mind. B. rule by laws and government
rule by laws and government
• 9. Diderot's Encyclopedia was used to
• attack religious superstition.
• 10. Montesquieu's ideas were used in which of the following? A. religious reform B. the United States Constitution C Ptolemy's geocentric model,
Ptolemy's geocentric model,
• 1. combative
• 2. French grant of rights to Huguenots
Edict of Nantes
• 3. fleet of warships
• 4. named Elizabeth governor of church and state
Act of Supremacy •
5. anti-Huguenot party
• 6. When Henry of Navarre became Henry IV, he
• converted to Catholicism.
• 7. During the late Middle Ages, Spain did all of the following EXCEPT A. reconquer Muslim areas. B. protect Catholicism. C. expel the Jews. D. invade England.
• invade England.
• 8. One of the richest parts of Philip IPs empire was
• the Spanish Netherlands.
• 9. Elizabeth Tudor tried to do which of the following? A. avoid war with France and Spain B. destroy Protestantism C. provoke a war with France D. give Catholics special rights and Spain
• avoid war with France and Spain
• 10. The French kings of the sixteenth century managed to
• do Utile to stop the spread of Protestantism.
• 1. peasants legally bound to the land
2. agricultural estate run by a lord
• 3. the opposite of a barter system
• money economy
• 4. city merchants and artisans
• 5. craft business associations
• 6. The population increased during the High Middle Ages for all of the following reasons EXCEPT A. increased peace and stability. B. better food production C. new technology. D. more doctors
• more doctors.
• 7. Agricultural improvements were the result of all of the following EXCEPT A. the heavy, wheeled plow. B. The use of horses. A. the two-field system B. growth of farming village
growm oi farming village
• 8. One function of craft guilds was to
• set quality standards.
• 9. Which of the following is NOT a part of the guild training system? master journeyman vassal apprentice
• 10. All of the following were goods that increased in availability due to the expansion of trade EXCEPT • spices. • oxen. • sugar. • silk.
• 1. territories in central Italy controlled by the pope
• Papal States
2. appointment of church officials by secular rulers
• lay investiture
3. Christian rites
4. Holy Office to deal with heretics
5. objects connected with saints
• 6. All of the following were famous shrines associated with pilgrimages EXCEPT • Rome. • the Concordat of Worms. Jerusalem. • Santiago de Compostela
7)'. Which of the following was true of the Cistercians? • They developed a strict, spiritual order. • They stayed in their monasteries. • They thought the Benedictine order was overly strict. • They joined the Franciscans to form the Dominicans.
• They stayed in their monasteries
8. Which of the following was true of the Franciscans? • They led a life of simplicity and poverty among the people. • They defended the Church against heretics. • They accepted female intellectuals. • They were spiritual activists under Bernard of Clairvaux
• They defended the Church against heretics
• 9. Convents were havens for all of the following EXCEPT • daughters without husbands, widows. • female intellectuals. • women merchants
• women merchants
• 10. Pope Innocent III did all of the following EXCEPT • weaken the papacy. • increase the Church's political power. • force King Philip to take back his wife. • use the interdict as a weapon
• force King Philip to take back his wife.
1. rising prices
2. magic in traditional European village culture
3. William and Mary's 1688 "invasion" of England
4. parliamentary forces in the 1642 civil war
5. English Calvinist Protestant group
6. James I of England strongly believed in
the divine right of kings.
7. The civil war in England was a conflict between which of the following? A. Catholics and Puritans B. peasants and nobles C. Catholics and the Church of England D. the king and Parliament
D. the king and Parliament
8. The Rump Parliament did all of the following EXCEPT A. behead Charles I. B. restore Catholicism. C. abolish the monarchy. D. declare England a republic or commonwealth
B. restore Catholicism.
9. William and Mary were offered the throne of England to
prevent succession by a Catholic monarch.
10. The BiU of Rights did all of the following EXCEPT A. abolish Parliament. B. recognize Parliament's right to make laws. C. prevent monarchs from raising armies. D. recognize the right to jury trials.
A. abolish Parliament
1. belief in the ability of humans to reason and improve themselves
2. acceptance into heaven
3. release from punishment for sin
4. Luther's attack on abuses of the Church
Holy Roman emperor
5. title held by Charles V
the Ninety-five Theses
6. Charles V ruled all of the following lands EXCEPT France. the Austrian lands. Spain. the Low Countries.
The division of Christianity in Germany into Catholic and Lutheran states was recognized by which of the following? A. the Treaty of Rome B. the Peace of Luther C. the Peace of Augsburg D. the Edict of Worms
C. the Peace of Augsburg
Luther taught that
D. the selling of indulgences was wrong.
Luther taught that justification by faith (being made right before God) was
the central idea of Protestantism.
Erasmus taught that Christianity should
show people how to lead good lives.
the belief that God determined in advance who would be saved
2. the damned
B. the reprobate
3. declare a marriage invalid
4. believers in adult baptism
5. meetings that reaffirmed Catholic teachings
D. the Council of Trent
6. King Henry VDI did all of the following EXCEPT conquer lands in France. B. dissolve Catholic monasteries. have Thomas More beheaded. have his marriage to Catherine ruled "null and void."
conquer lands in France
The Anabaptists believed that
church and state should be separate.
John Calvin believed in which of the following A. the sale of relics and indulgences B. good works as the way to gain salvation C.the "eternal decree" of an all-powerful God D. the separation of church and state
C.the "eternal decree" of an all-powerful God
9. Because Calvinists believed they were doing God's work, they
were determined to spread their faith to other people.
10. Calvin's Consistory did all of the following EXCEPT A. punish people who misbehaved. B. oversee Genevans' moral life and doctrinal purity. C.maintain close ties with German princes. D. operate as a court.