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AP Gov Unit 2 review
Terms in this set (18)
"Hidden" congressional provisions that direct the federal government to fund specific projects or that exempt specific persons or groups from paying specific federal taxes or fees
The powers explicitly given to Congress in the Constitution.
A procedural practice in the Senate whereby a senator temporarily blocks the consideration of the bill or nomination.
Congressional committees appointed for a limited time and purpose.
unwritten rule in both houses of Congress reserving the top posts in each chamber, particularly committee chairmanships, for members with the longest records of service
a legislator supports a proposal favored by another in return for support of his or hers
Those citizens who follow public affairs carefully.
Office of Management and Budget
An office that prepares the president's budget and also advises presidents on proposals from departments and agencies and helps review their proposed regulations.
A rise in public approval of the president that follows a crisis as Americans "rally 'round the flag" and the chief executive.
Any federal law that is strictly enforceable and overrides state or local law. Can be funded or unfunded by the federal government
Writ of certiorari
As cases move from lower courts to higher courts, the SCOTUS can send out this writ to demand related case records from the lower courts. (This is how we know they will hear a case)
The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in a trial. These are the courts that determine the facts about a case.
a brief submitted by a "friend of the court" - impartial 3rd party that submits facts etc. about a case
Let the decision stand; decisions should be based on precedents from previous cases
class action suits
Lawsuits in which a small number of people sue on behalf of all people in similar circumstances.
A presidential appointee and the third-ranking office in the Department of Justice. The solicitor general is in charge of the appellate court litigation of the federal government.
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower courts
a court's calendar, showing the schedule of cases it is to hear
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