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PSY B 360 TEST 10
Terms in this set (25)
__________ anxiety impairs cognition, while __________ anxiety facilitates it
High or low; moderate
Whenever 2-year-old Sophie gets hurt, her parents kiss her injury and ask her if she is all right. One day, when Sophie's mother stubs her toe, Sophie kisses her mother's toe and asks, "Are you all right?" This is an example of
An infant first displays the social smile
between 6 and 10 weeks, in response to parent communication.
One-year-old Jin is most likely to express sadness when he is
deprived of a loving caregiver.
Which of the following is a self-conscious emotion?
Which of the following statements about self-conscious emotions is true?
During the preschool years, self-conscious emotions are clearly associated with self-evaluation.
Six-month-old Faith feels overwhelmed when brought into a room with loud noise and unfamiliar people. To comfort herself, Faith sucks on her fingers and turns her head into her mother's body. Faith is displaying an early form of
Which of the following statements about emotional display rules is true?
Boys are less accurate than girls at describing their emotions.
At the age of __________ year(s), a child first can pose a positive facial expression that he or she does not feel.
When an unfamiliar adult offers Heather a toy, she hesitates and looks at her mother, who smiles and says, "That is a nice toy." Heather then reaches out and takes the toy. This is an example of
leads to personal distress and self-focused responding in highly anxious children.
When measuring temperament,
physiological assessments have been successful in differentiating children with different temperament styles.
Research shows that the overall stability of temperament is
low to moderate.
Research on genetic and environmental influences on temperament shows that
about half of the individual differences in temperament and personality can be traced to differences in genetic makeup.
Four-month-old Hannah has a sensitive, inhibited temperament. When Hannah is exposed to new sights and sounds, she tenses up, turns away, and cries. As Hannah grows older, her temperament will probably
remain sensitive and inhibited.
The most widely accepted view of attachment is __________ theory.
Sonja prefers her mother over other adults and uses her as a secure base from which to explore the world. When Sonja's mother tries to leave Sonja with a babysitter, Sonja becomes very upset. She tries to make her mother stay by crying and clinging to her leg. Sonja is most likely __________ of age.
When placed in the Strange Situation, 14-month-old Keenan is mostly unresponsive to his mother. When his mother leaves, he shows no emotion, and he reacts to the stranger in much the same way as he does to his mother. When reunited with his mother, he is slow to greet her. Keenan is displaying __________ attachment.
Research on the stability of attachment shows that
infants who move from insecurity to security typically have well-adjusted mothers with positive ties to family and friends.
Cross-cultural evidence on attachment patterns indicates that
attachment patterns may have to be interpreted differently in certain cultures.
Sixteen-month-old Max's mother is severely depressed. Throughout his infancy, she frequently displayed frightening behaviors, including mocking him and holding him stiffly at a distance. When Max's mother picks him up from child care, he looks away and appears dazed. Max likely has a(n) __________ attachment to his mother.
The heritability of attachment is
Which of the following statements about fatherhood and culture is true
Hispanic fathers spend more time engaged with their children than fathers of other North American ethnic groups.
Children who were securely attached as infants
are at risk for problems if they experience insensitive care in later years.
Studies examining child care in the United States show
infants and young children exposed to poor-quality child care, regardless of whether they come from middle- or low-SES homes, score lower on measures of cognitive and social skills.
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