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Jordan AP Gov Chapter 13
Terms in this set (56)
Parts of a bureaucracy:
5. Other government officials.
Bureaucracies are large complex organizations where:
1. Employees have specific job responsibilities.
2. Work within a hierarchy of authority.
3. Administer and but into effect a nation's laws and policies.
What do bureaucracies play a central role in?
Governments and modern societies.
What are bureaucrats?
Employees at a bureaucracy usually meaning a government bureaucracy.
T/F WWII taught us that government organization matters.
T/F It is never a good idea to give local managers the flexibility to solve their own local problems.
False, sometimes it is.
Is there a best way of organizing?
What are Americans biggest complaints with bureaucracies?
That it is two big and tries to accomplish to much.
How does the U.S. compare to other western democracies?
It is rather small.
T/F All levels of government have grown enormously over time.
What is the principal causes of the increase in the levels of government?
The increasing complexity of society and that government regulation of business has increased.
In a highly competitive market, what is not good for consumers?
Danger of a Lassiez-Faire approach.
After the Civil War, what the people push the government for?
They pushed the government to provide more social welfare for the unfortunate.
What type of government do some people want?
A smaller government that costs less and performs better.
What is most of the national government composed of?
What would happen to bureaucracies if government shrinks?
Bureaucracies would be eliminated or reduced in size.
A.though efficiencies can be found, serious budget cuts require what?
Serious reductions in programs.
Who meets heavy resistance when it comes to cutting popular programs?
Presidents and Congress.
How does government handle bureaucrats that are popular with the public?
By reducing the number of bureaucrats.
Since the government reduces the number of bureaucrats, who do these jobs go to?
Nonprofit or private contractors who do the same job but are technically not government officials.
Attempts to shrink bureaucracy vary based on what?
How do Democrats and Liberals prefer government?
Democrats and liberals prefer more expansive government, one committed to providing services to those in need and regulation of the government economy.
How do Republicans and Conservatives prefer government?
Republicans and Democrats generally prefer smaller government, one regularly more self-reliance on the part of the citizen and to place less of a role in supervising the economy.
T/F Each part of a bureaucracy is a bureaucracy in its own right.
What are departments?
Te biggest units of the executive branch, covering a broad area of government responsibility.
Who forms the president's cabinet?
The heads of the departments, or secretaries.
Three biggest departments in the cabinet:
What are independent agencies?
Executive agencies that are not part of a cabinet department.
Who controls the independent agencies?
They are controlled at varying degrees by the president.
What are regulatory commissions?
Agencies of the executive branch of government that control or direct some aspect of the economy.
Examples include the FCC.
A small number of commissioners are usually appointed to what?
Fixed terms by the president.
Usually an odd number, to prevent tie in votes.
What are government corporations?
Government agencies that perform services that might be provided by the private sector, but that either involve insufficient financial incentive, or are somehow linked with government.
Examples include the Postal Service
How many people are staffed by the national bureaucracy?
This is 2% of the American workforce.
What is civil service?
The system by which most appointments to the federal bureaucracy are made, to ensure that government jobs are filled on the basis of merit and that employees are not fired for political reasons.
What do people criticize the federal bureaucracy for?
Being too big and unresponsive.
Organizations that the heads of government are directly drawn from?
4. The government itself.
T/F Presidents find bureaucracy to not be as responsive as they would like for several reasons.
Principally, what can pluralism do?
Pull agencies opposite to the president's direction.
Agency administrators must look for what?
They just look for a compromise and not unconditionally stick to the president's ideals.
What laws must bureaucracies must follow?
The general laws governing the programs they are entrusted with, despite what the president might think.
Presidents should have considerable influence over what?
Agency policy making.
Presidents appoint administrators who do what?
Review agency policy making to make sure that it aligns with the president's ideals.
T/F Congress cannot override regulations it does not like or feels did. Or accomplish its intent.
False, they can.
Committees can punish agencies by:
1. Cutting its budget.
2. Altering key programs.
3. The Senate can hold confirmation at a nominee to head of the agency position.
What are administrative agencies?
Authoritative policy making bodies, whose decisions on substantive issues are legally binding on the citizens of the country.
How does Congress create a new department or agency?
By enacting a law that describes the organization's mandate or mission.
How has bureaucracy especially grown in the 20th century?
In the late 1800's, people did not want the government to do much for them. This changed in the 20th century.
Examples of how bureaucracies has grown since the Civil War:
1. The government provided pensions to Civil War veterans because they were judged to deserve financial support.
2. Later, programs to help mothers and children were developed.
3. Further steps toward income security came in the wake of the Great Depression, when the Social Security Act became law, creating a fund that workers pay into and then collect income from during old age.
4. the 1960s, the government created Head Start, Medicare, and Medicaid, programs designed to help minorities, the elderly, and the poor.
What is the most modern dilemma of government?
Promoting social equality.
When did the modern dilemma of government increase?
The Civil War.
T /F Even today in these tight budgetary times, the pressure to expand government for particular purposes continues.
In which state has opioid addiction become a massive problem?
How have opioid deaths in the U.S. held up?
Deaths from both prescription and illegal opioids more than doubled in three years, with over 1,500 deaths in 2015.
T/F Presidents can only choose a certain amount of people to appoint as commissioners.
T/F Just a president appoints someone, that doesn't instantly mean the appointee gets the job true.
Why was civil service?
Civil Service was created because President Garfield was killed by a detected jobseeker.
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