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Social Psychology Exam 3 other terms
Terms in this set (34)
A model that attempts to explain a wide range of different behaviors according to a simple general rule (such as do it if it's rewarding).
A model that presumes that the governing principles vary from one domain of behavior to another (such as friendship versus romance versus parent-child relationships).
A state of affairs in which one person's benefits and costs from a relationship are proportional to the benefits and costs incurred by his or her partner.
Mere exposure effect
The tendency to feel positively toward people, places, or things we have seen frequently.
The tendency to become friends with those who live or work nearby.
Assets that can be drawn from one's network of personal relationships.
Demonstrating a combination of masculine and feminine characteristics in one's behaviors.
Secure attachment style
Attachments marked by trust that the other person will continue to provide love and support.
Anxious/ambivalent attachment style
Attachments marked by fear of abandonment and the feeling that one's needs are not being met.
Avoidant attachment style
Attachments marked by defensive detachment from the other.
A disorder involving the fixed (but incorrect) belief that one is loved by another, which persists in the face of strong evidence to the contrary.
Factor on love scales composed of items tapping romantic attraction and sexual desire.
Factor on love scales composed of items tapping feelings of close bonding with another.
Factor on love scales composed of items tapping decision that one is in love with and committed to another.
Feelings of tenderness and concern, central to parents caring for their children.
Two-factor theory of love
The theory that love consists of general arousal (factor 1), which is attributed to the presence of an attractive person and labeled as love (factor 2).
Need to belong
The human need to form and maintain strong, stable interpersonal relationships.
Comfort provided by an attachment figure, which allows the person to venture forth more confidently to explore the environment.
Marital custom involving two people, most typically one man married to one woman.
Marital custom in which either one man marries more than one woman (polygyny) or one woman marries more than one man (polyandry).
Marital arrangement involving one man and more than one wife.
Marital arrangement involving one woman and more than one husband.
Each person's benefits and costs in a social relationship should be matched to the benefits and costs of the other.
Each person in a social relationship provides benefits as the other needs them, without keeping account of individual costs and benefits.
The tendency of a bystander to be less likely to help in an emergency if there are other onlookers present.
Pure (true) altruism
Action intended solely to benefit another.
A measure of success in passing on one's genes, including directly, by producing one's own offspring, and indirectly, by assisting one's relatives who share common genes.
Helping that occurs in return for prior help.
Social responsibility norm
The societal rule that people should help those who need them to help.
Diffusion of responsibility
The tendency for each group member to dilute personal responsibility for acting by spreading it among all other group members.
The internalized beliefs and values that combine to form a person's inner standards for behavior.
The view that observers of a victim's suffering will want to help to relieve their own personal distress.
The process of mentally putting oneself in another's position.
The presumption that when one empathizes with the plight of another, one will want to help that other for purely altruistic reasons.
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