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Terms in this set (91)
the location of persons in distress
the retrieval and initial care for a person in distress along with their delivery to a place of safety
what are the 3 fundamental skills for search and rescue training?
search, rescue, survival/support
how does the Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization define search and rescue?
the act of finding and returning to safety the survivors from an emergency incident
How does TJ Setnicka (author of Wilderness Search and Rescue) describe SAR
a transportation problem
What is the National Association for Search and Rescue?
a not-for-profit membership organization of both paid and unpaid SAR professionals
Why did the National Association for Search and Rescue develop Sartech certification criteria?
evaluate three levels of search responder so that a measurable level of capability could be available for incident commanders
What do the Citizens Corps programs not include?
Who offers the CERT course?
What does the National SAR Committee sponsor and oversee?
US National Search and Rescue Plan
Who is the federal SAR commander for all inland SAR?
US Air Force
Why was the US National Search and Rescue Plan developed?
to provide guidance to agencies for coordinating civil SAR services to meet domestic and international commitments
The National Search and Rescue Supplement (NSS) is a supplement to the:
IAMSAR (International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue) Manual
What are Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs) designed for?
What is Cospas-Sarsat?
an international search and rescue system that uses satellites to detect and locate emergency beacons.
What are Personal Locator Beacons (PLBs) designed for?
use by individuals
What are Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRBs) designed for?
What is a local user terminal (LUT)?
the ground station that processes the signal from an emergency beacon
What does the Mission Control Center (MCC) do?
transmits an alert message to the appropriate Regional Control Center (RCC
What is the Department of Homeland Security charged with?
the development of a National Response Plan
Outside of National Parks, domestic land SAR services are often performed how?
by state and local authorites or SAR units
What do the operational capabilities of a FEMA Urban SAR Task Force include?
physical and technical search and rescue operations in damaged collapsed strutctures
What do FEMA US&R teams generally perform?
hazmat surveys and evals
According to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, one of the criteria that should be met before an AMBER Alert is activated is what?
law enforcement believes the child in danger of serious bodily harm or death
According to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, one of the criteria that should be met before an AMBER Alert is activated is:
law enforcement confirms a child has been abducted
Which ICS function approves the ordering of additional resources?
The planning section...
requests all personnel and equipment
Which ICS function provides treatment of injured SAR workers?
what does the resource type relate to?
level of skill and capability of the resource
what is the purpose of an incident action plan?
to provide specific tactical direction for a designed operational period
what do task force requirements include?
different kinds and types of resources
Purpose of incident assignments lists
an available resource's reporting location, time and likely length of mission
who does the resource unit leader report to
the planning section chief
does every incident need a written incident action plan?
what does the command staff consist of?
safety officer, liaison officer, public information officer
how many liters of water does an inactive person require at minimum?
how many liters of water does a SAR provider need in extreme environments?
daily caloric intake for an average (165 lb) SAR provider?
to prevent convective heat loss, air movement around the body must be:
eliminated or reduced
what is the highest priority in an emergency situation?
maintaining a positive mental attitude
water is a higher priority in an emergency than what?
energy conservation and waste removal are two needs satisfied by what?
list priorities of life in terms of importance
positive mental attitude, body shelter, rest, food
list the sequence in which different stages occur in response to a life-threatening situation
alarm, reaction, response/options, rest
flight or flight syndrome
response and options
what is the comfort zone
surroundings and patterns of behavior in which the average person customarily operates
What does "STOP" stand for?
"positive mental attitude" may be referred to as what
"will to live"
define the "whole person concept"
the inter-relationship b/w mental and physical body processes
nearly all survival situations end within how many hours
what percentage of successful survival experiences last over 3 days?
less than 5%
with what type of water purification can you use the water's odor or flavor to gauge the purification's effectiveness?
which means of water purification calls for different amounts for clear vs cloudy water
what is the optimal length-to-width ratio of ground letters/signals to attract aerial searchers?
how do you improve visibility of a signal?
adding motion to it
how do you make a proper hole to poop in?
6 inches deep but no deeper than the organic layer of soil
when should you only bathe/rinse/soak your feet
at the end of the day
where should bathing be done
spot away from the water source with biodegradable soap
should the clothing layer saturate and encourage the evaporation of perspiration?
what is cordura?
a type of nylon
name the 3 types of deserts
mountain, rocky plateau, sandy
what is the weight of 1 gal fresh water
what is the minimum number of water sources a SAR provider should carry
how are sleeping bags generally compared?
what is the most common type of baffling used in backpacking sleeping bags
what percent of the weight of most tents is found in the pole system
what is a good characteristic to have in a water bottle
what "north" arrow on a USGS topographic maps points toward the north pole?
what is magnetic declination?
difference between true north and magnetic north
what is the difference b/w an azimuth and a back azimuth?
they are 180 degrees apart
what is the advantage of a GPS unit?
its ability to accurately ascertain and track locations
what is an agonic line
an imaginary line on Earth's surface connecting points where the magnetic declination is 0 at a given date
what do hatchures on contour lines indicate?
On most trails at average walking speeds, the distance that searchers should keep between them is about:
How many hours should searchers rest per hour?
__________ is looking for sign in order to establish a starting point from which to track
The step-by-step method of tracking uses:
a three-person team composed of a point person and two flankers
Which of the following is NOT one of the five types of clues?
Crew mission debriefings are usually conducted by which section?
On a search crew, this person is responsible for maintaining information about the distance traveled in relation to the search area and the incident base:
what is a hasty search?
quick and efficient search by small teams that travel likely spots and by the route of least resistance (subject expected to be responsive)
If you instruct your crew to "guide right," in which direction will the crew look to maintain the direction of travel?
What is the greatest typical distance at which a crew member could see a clue that your subject might have had
average maximum detection range (AMDR)
The purpose of the determination of AMDR is to?
make a quantitative measure of search conditions
A rope used to support people is called a:
What is the most commonly used construction in rescue work?
When is a water knot used?
when working with webbing`
A "bend" knot is made by:
joining two ends of cordage/webbing together.
What is the primary ingredient in manufacturing rescue rope
core in sheath
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