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important people, things etc... from ch 16 & 17

Manifest Destiny

This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.

Arthur & Lewis Tappan

A gang of young toughs broke into their NY house in 1834 and demolished its interior, while a crowd in the street cheered.; founders of the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society; as successful businessman, they funded many antislavery activities in the 1830s and 1840s. They also helped create the Liberty Party in the 1840s.

Elijah Lovejoy

Former Presbyterian minister; established a reform paper: St. Louis Observer; moved to Alton, IL. (Alton Observer); against slavery and injustices inflicted against blacks; is a martyr for the anti-slavery movement for he was killed by a mob in 1835.

Henry Garnet

Abolitionist leader who had escaped slavery and advocated slave rebellion., Commanded the 1843 National Colored Convention and said he would rather die freemen than live to be slaves

Frederick Douglass

one of the most prominent african american figures in the abolitionist movement. escaped from slavery in maryland. he was a great thinker and speaker. published his own antislavery newspaper called the north star and wrote an autobiography that was published in 1845.

Peculiar Institution

A euphemism for slavery and the economic ramifications of it in the American South. The term aimed to explain away the seeming contradiction of legalized slavery in a country whose Declaration of Independence states that "all men are created equal". It was one of the key causes of the Civil War.

Gen. Stephen W. Kearney

succeeded in taking Santa Fe, the New Mexico territory, and Southern California

John Sliddell

Polk sent him to Mexico City to offer to purchase Cali for $25 mil

49th Parallel

The Oregon Treaty of 1846 this...north became Canada, South became Washington and Oregon.

Nat Turner

United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia

American Colonization Society

organization founded in 1817 to transport Blacks back to Africa

William Lloyd Garrison

1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.

Theodore Dwight Weld

American abolitionist whose pamphlet Slavery As It Is (1839) inspired Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin.

Sojourner Truth

United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)

David Walker

He was a black abolitionist who called for the immediate emancipation of slaves. He wrote the "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World." It called for a bloody end to white supremacy. He believed that the only way to end slavery was for slaves to physically revolt.

Stephen Foster

a white Pennsylvanian that wrote the most famous black songs including "Old Folks at Home". Made a valuable contribution to American Folk music by capturing the plaintive spirit of the slaves

Liberty Party

political party formed in 1840 that supported a program to end the slave trade and slavery in the territories and the District of Columbia James Birney ran as the party candidate in 1840 and in 1844. In 1848, it merged into the Free Soil Party.

Gag Resolution

Strict rule passed by prosouthern Congressmen in 1836 to prohibit all discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives; endangered freedom of speech and the right of petition

William Henry Harrison

was an American military leader, politician, the ninth President of the United States, and the first President to die in office. Led US forces in the Battle of Tippecanoe.

John Tyler

elected Vice President and became the 10th President of the United States when Harrison died 1841-1845, President responsible for annexation of Mexico after receiving mandate from Polk, opposed many parts of the Whig program for economic recovery

Aroostook War

Series of clashes between American and Canandian lumberjacks in the disputed territory of northern Maine,resolved when a permanent boundary was agreed upon in 1842.

Webster- Ashton Treaty

gave over half of undisputed territory to U.S. and northeast boundary, settled Aroostook War

Daniel Webster

Secretary of state to William Henry Harrison, Supported Compromise of 1850- calling for an end to bitter sectionalism; from Massachusetts, spokesperson for Northeast; supported tariffs - allowed New England's factories to compete

James K.Polk

Polk was a slave owning southerner dedicated to Democratic party. In 1844, he was a "dark horse" candidate for president, and he won the election. Polk favored American expansion, especially advocating the annexation of Texas, California, and Oregon. He was a friend and follower of Andrew Jackson. He opposed Clay's American System, instead advocating lower tariff, separation the treasury and the federal government from the banking system. He was a nationalist who believed in Manifest Destiny.

Oregan Trail

2,000 mile stretch of dangerous wild country and hazardous moutains that had be be crossed before Oregon could be settled

Gen. Zachary Taylor

General that was a military leader in Mexican-American War and 12th president of the United States. Sent by president Polk to lead the American Army against Mexico at Rio Grande, but defeated

dark horse

a political candidate who is not well known but could win unexpectedly

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $15 million

Mexican Cessian

land gained by America after the Mexican War in the Treaty of Gudalupe Hidalgo

Wilmot Proviso

bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the war with mexico

Daniel Wilmot

-Introduced amendment to prohibit slavery from all new territory
-wilmot proviso

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